Le Bestiaire ou Cortège d'Orphée
Guillaume Apollinaire, was a bibliophile and a specialist in medieval bestiaries. In 1906 Picasso, a friend of Apollinaire's had made some experimental woodcuts of animals. Apollinaire published eighteen poems figuring all kinds of semi-mythical animals in 1908 in La phalange, an experimental journal and promised his readers an illustrated edition. Picasso was not willing to cooperate and the poet persuaded Raoul Dufy, an engraver, to provide the woodcuts. Orpheus is present in four of the 30 poems.
Several composers were inspired by these poems to set them to music: Francis Poulenc (1919), Louis Durey (1919), Jean Absil (1944) and others. Francis Poulenc originally selected twelve poems, but only published six. His friend Louis Durey composed a complete cycle (26 short songs; he omitted the poems about Orpheus). Both wrote for baritone solo accompanied by piano.
Northern Irish composer Alan Mills set six of the poems to music (for baritone and piano) in 1985.
- Guillaume Apollinaire, Le Bestiaire ou Cortège d'Orphée, illustrations de Raoul Dufy, Deplanche, 1911 - La Sirène, 1919.
- Guillaume Apollinaire, Le Bestiaire ou Cortège d'Orphée, lithographies en couleurs de Jean Picart Le Doux, Les Bibliophiles de France, 1962.
- Alan Parker, Mark Willhardt, ed. (2000). Who's Who in Twentieth Century World Poetry. Routledge. p. 14. ISBN 9780203991992.
- Gasman, Lydia (2007). War and the Cosmos in Picasso's Texts, 1936-1940. iUniverse. p. 259. ISBN 9780595842971.
- Six Poems from Le bestiare (no date) Available at: http://www.musichaven.co.uk/Six-Poems-from-Le-bestiare.html (Accessed: 13 October 2015)
- Le Bestiaire ou Cortège d'Orphée : Deux poèmes refusés (Le Condor, Le Morpion) on Gallica
- Guillaume Apollinaire All poems with illustrations and translations
- From Poetry to Songs: Hare, Rabbit and Sirens in Apollinaire’s Bestiary