The play was first published in 1835 in Revue des deux Mondes. It was first staged at the Théâtre Historique in August 1848. In October 1850, it was produced at the Comédie-Française with a cast including Delaunay as Fortunio and Allan as Jacqueline. The interior minister Léon Faucher briefly had the work banned.
An opera by André Messager, Fortunio was based closely on the play, and Jacques Offenbach, who wrote incidental music for the Comédie-Française production made a sequel entitled La chanson de Fortunio.
- Musset – Théâtre Tôme II 'Collection du Flambeau'. Hachette, Paris, 1954.
- Alfred de Musset: Œuvres complètes [Lorenzaccio; Le Chandelier; Il ne faut jurer de rien]. Charpentier, Paris, 1888.