|Coordinates: 46°48′05″N 4°26′28″E / 46.8014°N 4.4411°E|
|Canton||Le Creusot-1 and 2|
|Intercommunality||CU Creusot Montceau|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||David Marti|
|18.11 km2 (6.99 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||316–516 m (1,037–1,693 ft) |
(avg. 347 m or 1,138 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Le Creusot (pronounced [lə kʁøzo]) is a commune and industrial town in the Saône-et-Loire department, region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, eastern France.
The inhabitants are known as Creusotins. Formerly a mining town, its economy is now dominated by metallurgical companies such as ArcelorMittal, Schneider Electric, and Alstom.
Since the 1990s, the town has been developing its tourism credentials. Its main attraction is the Parc des Combes. The Creusot steam hammer is exposed as a tourist attraction in a square at the entrance to the town from the south.
Le Creusot is also the second educational centre of the Bourgogne (after Dijon), with its IUT and the Condorcet university centre.
In 1836, iron ore mines and forges around Le Creusot were bought by Adolphe Schneider and his brother Eugène Schneider. They developed a business in steel, railways, armaments, and shipbuilding. The Schneider empire developed much of the town itself, until it was much reduced in the second half of the twentieth century. It eventually became known as Schneider Electric. The steel forgings for the French nuclear power plants as well as the special alloys for the TGV trains were manufactured in Le Creusot.
On 17 October 1942 the Schneider factory was targeted by the RAF in a daylight raid designated Operation Robinson.
|Source: EHESS and INSEE (1968-2017)|
About 5 km (3.11 mi) south-east of town centre is the Le Creusot TGV station, a train station on the LGV Sud-Est line, which links the area to Paris, Lyon and beyond with high-speed rail. Le Creusot station is closer to the city centre, and is served by regional trains towards Nevers, Montchanin and Dijon.
- Le pilon – 1877 steam hammer invented by François Bourdon
- Château de la Verrerie – Originally the Cristallerie royale of Queen Marie-Antoinette
- André Billardon (b.1940), mayor
- Christian Bobin (b. 1951), writer
- François Bourdon (1797–1875), engineer and inventor of the steam hammer le pilon
- Fr. Bruno Cadoré (b. 1954), Dominican priest and current Master of the Order
- Mathilde Carré (1908–2007), French Resistance agent during World War II, who turned double agent
- Marie-Pierre Casey (b.1937) actress
- Jovan Deroko (1912–1941), Serbian Chetnik fighter during World War II
- Sébastien Grax (b. 1984), footballer
- Claudie Haigneré (b. 1957), astronaut
- Catherine Lépront (1951–2012), writer
- Adolphe Schneider (1802–1845), mine owner and entrepreneur
- Eugène Schneider (1805–1875), mine owner and entrepreneur
- Lucien Sergi (b. 1971), former professional footballer
- Anthony da Silva (b. 1980), footballer
- Mickaël Vendetta (b. 1987), Internet celebrity
- John "Iron-Mad" Wilkinson (1728 – 1808) advised Le Creusot on the development of its iron industry
- Marie-Alice Yahé (b. 1984), female rugby player
- Deng Xiaoping (1904–1997), Chinese leader who briefly worked at the Le Creusot Iron and Steel Plant in the 1920s
Le Creusot is twinned with:
- ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
- ^ "Populations légales 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
- ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Le Creusot, EHESS (in French).
- ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
- Official website (in French)