Le Creusot

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Le Creusot
Steel factory
Steel factory
Coat of arms of Le Creusot
Location of Le Creusot
Le Creusot is located in France
Le Creusot
Le Creusot
Le Creusot is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Le Creusot
Le Creusot
Coordinates: 46°48′05″N 4°26′28″E / 46.8014°N 4.4411°E / 46.8014; 4.4411Coordinates: 46°48′05″N 4°26′28″E / 46.8014°N 4.4411°E / 46.8014; 4.4411
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentSaône-et-Loire
ArrondissementAutun
CantonLe Creusot-1 and 2
IntercommunalityCU Creusot Montceau
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) David Marti
Area
1
18.11 km2 (6.99 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
21,491
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
71153 /71200
Elevation316–516 m (1,037–1,693 ft)
(avg. 347 m or 1,138 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Le Creusot (pronounced [lə kʁøzo]) is a commune and the industrial town in the Saône-et-Loire department, region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, eastern France.

The inhabitants are known as Creusotins. Formerly a mining town, its economy is now dominated by metallurgical companies such as ArcelorMittal, Schneider Electric, and Alstom.

Since the 1990s, the town has been developing its tourism credentials. Its main attraction is the Parc des Combes. The Creusot steam hammer is exposed as a tourist attraction in a square at the entrance to the town from the south.

Le Creusot is also the second educational centre of the Bourgogne (after Dijon), with its IUT and the Condorcet university centre.

History[edit]

In 1836, iron ore mines and forges around Le Creusot were bought by Adolphe Schneider and his brother Eugène Schneider. They developed a business in steel, railways, armaments, and shipbuilding. The Schneider empire developed much of the town itself, until it was much reduced in the second half of the twentieth century. It eventually became known as Schneider Electric. The steel forgings for the French nuclear power plants as well as the special alloys for the TGV trains were manufactured in Le Creusot.

On 17 October 1942 the Schneider factory was targeted by the RAF in a daylight raid designated Operation Robinson.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,545—    
1800 1,145−4.19%
1806 1,332+2.55%
1821 1,218−0.59%
1831 1,334+0.91%
1836 2,700+15.14%
1841 4,012+8.24%
1846 6,303+9.46%
1851 8,083+5.10%
1856 13,390+10.62%
1861 16,094+3.75%
1866 23,872+8.20%
1872 22,890−0.70%
1876 26,432+3.66%
1881 28,125+1.25%
1886 27,301−0.59%
1891 28,635+0.96%
1896 32,034+2.27%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 30,584−0.92%
1906 33,437+1.80%
1911 35,587+1.25%
1921 38,396+0.76%
1926 32,419−3.33%
1931 32,034−0.24%
1936 29,417−1.69%
1946 24,106−1.97%
1954 28,663+2.19%
1962 33,737+2.06%
1968 34,102+0.18%
1975 33,366−0.31%
1982 32,149−0.53%
1990 28,909−1.32%
1999 26,283−1.05%
2007 23,793−1.24%
2012 22,574−1.05%
2017 21,630−0.85%
Source: EHESS[2] and INSEE (1968-2017)[3]

Transport[edit]

About 5 km (3.11 mi) south-east of town centre is the Gare du Creusot TGV, a train station on the LGV Sud-Est line, which links the area to Paris, Lyon and beyond with high-speed rail.

Sights[edit]

Le pilon
  • Château de la Verrerie – Originally the Cristallerie royale of Queen Marie-Antoinette

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Le Creusot is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Le Creusot, EHESS. (in French)
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links[edit]