Le Droit Humain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Headquarters of Le Droit Humain, the International Order of Freemasonry for Men and Women

The International Order of Freemasonry Le Droit Humain is a global Masonic Order, membership of which is available to men and women on equal terms, regardless of nationality, religion or ethnicity.

History[edit]

Plaque for Maison Georges Martin - Le Droit Humain.jpg

The Order is founded on the ancient teachings and traditions of Freemasonry, using Masonic ritual and symbolism as its tools in the search for truth. On the individual level, the Order aims "to promote the progress of individual worth, without the imposition of dogma, or exacting the abandonment of cultural or religious ideas". On a collective level it works "to unite men and women who agree on a humanist spirituality whilst respecting individual and cultural differences".

In contrast with other Masonic organisations which operate in national or state jurisdiction only, Le Droit Humain is a global fraternity with many Federations and Jurisdictions worldwide, each of which work the Scottish Rite from the 1st to the 33rd degree. The Order is administered by the Supreme Council, which has its headquarters in Paris. Within the International Constitution, however, member Federations have the freedom of self-governance.

Le Droit Humain has about 32,000 members in more than 60 countries around the world and on all inhabited continents.[1] Its headquarters is in Paris, France, where it was founded by Georges Martin and Maria Deraismes.

Belgium[edit]

The Belgian Federation of Le Droit Humain (French: la Fédération Belge du Droit Humain; Dutch: Belgische Federatie van Le Droit Humain) is a Belgian cupola of masonic lodges which is accessible for men and women, and works in the 33 symbolic degrees of freemasonry. The first Belgian Lodge of Le Droit Humain was founded in 1912.[2][3]

Great Britain[edit]

The British Federation of the International Order of Co-Freemasonry Le Droit Humain was the first Federation to be established outside France, thus making the Order truly International. On 26 September 1902 Lodge Human Duty No. 6 was consecrated by the Grand Master, The V. Ills. S. Marie Martin 33°, assisted by Officers of the Supreme Council, including one of the Co-Founders of the Order, Georges Martin 33°. The first Master of the Lodge was Annie Besant, who would become the first Grand Commander of the British Federation.[citation needed]

The British Federation works the Ancient & Accepted Scottish Rite from the 1st to the 33rd degree inclusive. In addition the Allied Degrees of Mark, Royal Ark Mariner, Excellent Master, Holy Royal Arch of Jerusalem, Knights Templar and Royal Order of Scotland are worked.[citation needed]

Portugal[edit]

The Portuguese Federation of Le Droit Humain (Portuguese: Ordem Maçónica Mista Internacional Le Droit Humain - Federação Portuguesa) was founded in 1923 by Adelaide Cabete. After the coup d'état of 28 May 1926 the dictatorial regime Estado Novo forbade masonry in the country and the order fades away. In 1980 a new lodge is opened and a new era for the Portuguese Federation of Le Droit Humain began.[4][5]

North America[edit]

Le Droit Humain is present in Canada, Mexico, and the United States of America. The first lodge in the United States was founded on October 25, 1903 by Louis Goaziou.[6]

Regularity and recognition[edit]

Le Droit Humain is in mutual amity with the following Orders (meaning recognition is reciprocal and members can intervisit):

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Organization | ORDRE MAÇONNIQUE MIXTE INTERNATIONAL LE DROIT HUMAIN". Ordre Maçonnique Mixte International le Droit Humain. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  2. ^ Ed. Droit Humain, Histoire de la fédération belge du Droit Humain, 2 Vol., Bruxelles, 1982–1984
  3. ^ Peter Bormans (ed.), Vrijmetselarij, VUB 1974
  4. ^ "History". Federação Portuguesa da Ordem Maçónica Mista Internacional "Le Droit Humain" - O Direito Humano. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  5. ^ "Adelaide Cabete". Federação Portuguesa da Ordem Maçónica Mista Internacional "Le Droit Humain" - O Direito Humano. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Co Masonry". comasonry.eu. Retrieved 17 June 2021.

External links[edit]