Le Marron Inconnu
|Location||Place du Marron Inconnu, Champ de Mars, HT6110 Port-au-Prince, Haiti|
|Designer||Created by Haitian sculptor Albert Mangonès|
|Height||3.60 metres (11.8 ft) and 2.40 metres (7.9 ft) tall|
|Completion date||22 September 1967|
|Dedicated to||Abolishment of slavery and freedom of all black people|
Le Marron Inconnu de Saint-Domingue, shortened as Le Marron Inconnu (French pronunciation: [lə ma.ʁɔ̃ ɛ̃.kɔ.ny], "The Unknown Slave"), also called Le Nègre Marron or Nèg Mawon (Haitian Creole pronunciation: [nɛɡ ma.ʁɔ̃], "Maroon Man"), is a bronze statue of a runaway slave; standing in the center of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti, it commemorates the abolishment of slavery. Designed and executed by Haitian sculptor and architect Albert Mangonès (1917–2002), it was completed on 22 September 1967. The sculpture serves as a reminder of the call to rebellion in the colony of Saint-Domingue against slave-holding France in 1791. Situated across from the National Palace, it has become the nation's iconic symbol of freedom, and is viewed across the world as a symbol for the freedom of black people.
Mangonès completed the statue on 22 September 1967. It measures 3.60 metres long by 2.40 metres high. It depicts in bronze a near-naked fugitive black man, kneeling on one knee, his torso arched, his opposite leg stretched back, and a broken chain on his left ankle. He holds a conch shell at his lips with his left hand, his head tilted upward to blow it, while the other hand holds a machete on the ground by his right ankle.
Mangonès chose a passage from 1 Maccabees 14:3-9 of the Jerusalem Bible to be set in copper letters on one of the two concrete panels that protect the "eternal flame" of freedom in the square surrounding the statue.
In 1989, the United Nations adopted the statue as a central icon on postage stamps commemorating Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that states, "No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms."
- Comité National Pour La Mémoire et l'Histoire de l'Esclavage - Statue du Marron Inconnu (in French)
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- United Nations - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Mangonès, Fréderick, ed. (8 July 2014). "Le Marron Inconnu d'Albert Mangonès". Le Nouvelliste. Retrieved 9 March 2016. (in French)