Le Mars, Iowa
|Le Mars, Iowa|
|Nickname(s): "Ice Cream Capital Of The World"|
Location of Le Mars within County and State
U.S. Census Map
|• Mayor||Dick Kirchoff|
|• Total||8.97 sq mi (23.23 km2)|
|• Land||8.96 sq mi (23.21 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||1,234 ft (376 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||9,795|
|• Density||1,096.7/sq mi (423.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0458255|
Le Mars is the home of Wells' Dairy, the world's largest producer of ice cream novelties in one location and is the self-proclaimed "Ice Cream Capital of the World". Wells is best known for its Blue Bunny products.
Le Mars was platted in 1869, but no lots were sold until the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company arrived in 1879. According to town legend, CNW investor John I. Blair and a group of women arrived at the town, which was then called St. Paul Junction. Blair asked the women to name the town, and they submitted an acronym based upon their first names' initials: Lucy Underhill, Elizabeth Parson, Mary Weare, Anna Blair, Rebecca Smith and Sarah Reynolds.
In 1913, Fred H. Wells opened a milk route in Le Mars. By 1925, Wells and his sons had opened an ice cream manufacturing plant there. The plant (and the Wells name) was purchased by Fairmount Ice Cream in 1928. In 1935, Fred and his sons sought to begin selling ice cream again, but could no longer use their name. They therefore sponsored a “Name That Ice Cream” contest in the Sioux City Journal. The winner of the $25 prize suggested "Blue Bunny" because his son had enjoyed seeing blue bunnies in department store windows at Easter.
In 1933, according to Historian Arthur Schlesinger, Jr, there was a wide gap of wealth inequality between the Industrial segments of America and the Agricultural regions. During this time banks were foreclosing on farmers left and right. Le Mars caught the attention of the nation when "over 500 hundred farmers crowded the court room in Le Mars" to demand that judge Charles C. Bradley suspend foreclosure proceedings until recently passed laws could be considered. The judge refused. According to Schlesinger a farmer remarked that the court room wasn't his alone, that we farmers had paid for it with our taxes. The crowd rushed the judge, slapped him, and drove to a pole and placed a rope around his neck and a hub cap on his head. They did not kill him, however, the people of Le Mars had demonstrated that respecting law unfairly applied was not to be tolerated.
Meanwhile, the Wells were eventually able to get back their name after Blue Bunny became popular. However, it remained largely a regional ice cream until 1992, when it began to expand nationally.
The centerpiece of the expansion is a 900,000-square-foot (84,000 m2) plant with a 12-story tall refrigeration tower called the "South Ice Cream Plant" because it is on the south side of town (at 1 Blue Bunny Drive). The plant employs 1,000 and produces 75 million gallons of frozen treats, the milk coming mainly coming from three large Iowa dairy farms.
The size of this plant has led to speculation that the company is the world's largest family-owned and -managed dairy processor and the world's largest manufacturer of ice cream in one location, with Le Mars claiming to be the "Ice Cream Capital of the World".
Wells also produces ice brands marketed by Häagen-Dazs, Baskin-Robbins, General Mills, and General Foods in Le Mars. Wells Dairy provoked a crisis at Häagen-Daz in 1999 when an explosion occurred at the South Plant, the primary producer of Häagen-Dazs, at the beginning of the summer ice cream season. Häagen-Dazs has subsequently added other dairies as its producers.
Le Mars is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.97 square miles (23.23 km2), of which, 8.96 square miles (23.21 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.(42.788799, -96.165944).
Le Mars is a part of the Sioux City metropolitan area.
As of the census of 2015, there were 9,436,826 people, 4,013 households, and 2,593 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,096.7 inhabitants per square mile (423.4/km2). There were 4,220 housing units at an average density of 471.0 per square mile (181.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 31.62% White, 92.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 2.9% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.4% of the population.
There were 4,013 households of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00.
The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 26.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,237 people, 3,640 households, and 2,453 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,356.9 people per square mile (523.7/km²). There were 3,818 housing units at an average density of 560.9 per square mile (216.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.24% White, 0.45% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.94% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.44% of the population.
There were 3,640 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.05.
Age spread: 27.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,892, and the median income for a family was $47,409. Males had a median income of $35,936 versus $21,757 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,598. About 4.5% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Clarence E. Coe, pioneer of Palms, California and member of the Los Angeles, California, City Council, born in Le Mars
- Bruce Dreckman, umpire in Major League Baseball
- Albert W. Durley, Wisconsin State Assemblyman and lawyer
- Keith Knudsen, drummer for the Doobie Brothers
- Paul Rust, star of I Love You Beth Cooper
- Roger C. Schultz, United States Army Lieutenant General and Director of the Army National Guard
- John Spenkelink, first person involuntarily executed in the United States after the re-introduction of the death penalty
- Charles A. Spring, influential Presbyterian, son of Revolutionary War chaplain Samuel Spring
- Thomas Starzl, innovator in organ transplant surgery
- Isaac S. Struble, congressman and namesake of Struble, Iowa
- Plymouth County Courthouse
- St. George's Episcopal Church
- Tonsfeldt Round Barn, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
- Westmar University A private four-year liberal arts college that permanently closed on November 21, 1997.
- Wells Enterprises Wells Dairy
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Horace A. Laffaye, Polo in Britain: A History, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2012, p. 70
- Curtis Harnack, Gentlemen on the Prairie: Victorians in Pioneer Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa: University of Iowa Press, 2011 p. 138
- Arthur Schlesinger Jr. The Coming of the New Deal, Houghton Mifflin, 5th printing 1958, page 42 and 43
- The big chill: Wells' Dairy's South Ice Cream Plant dominates the world of frozen dessert production - Allbusiness.com - January 1, 2005
- Wells Dairy Ice Cream Production Facility, St George, Utah, USA
- International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 36. St. James Press, 2001 (via fundinguniverse.com)
- "Le Mars Daily Sentinel". printed October 30, 2006. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Le Mars, Iowa.|
- City of Le Mars
- Blue Bunny Official Site
- City Data Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Le Mars