Le Moustier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Le Moustier
Le Moustier
Le Moustier
Le Moustier 1 in 1909
Le Moustier in France
Le Moustier in France
Location in France
Le Moustier in France
Le Moustier in France
Le Moustier (France)
LocationPeyzac-le-Moustier
RegionDordogne, France
Coordinates44°59′38″N 1°3′36″E / 44.99389°N 1.06000°E / 44.99389; 1.06000Coordinates: 44°59′38″N 1°3′36″E / 44.99389°N 1.06000°E / 44.99389; 1.06000
Site notes
Excavation dates1863
ArchaeologistsHenry Christy, Édouard Lartet.
UNESCO World Heritage site
Part ofPrehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley
CriteriaCultural: (i), (iii)
Reference85-014
Inscription1979 (3rd Session)
Area0.227 ha (24,400 sq ft)

Le Moustier is an archeological site consisting of two rock shelters in Peyzac-le-Moustier, a village in the Dordogne, France. It is known for a fossilized skull of the species Homo neanderthalensis that was discovered in 1908. The Mousterian tool culture is named after Le Moustier, which was first excavated from 1863 by the Englishman Henry Christy and the Frenchman Édouard Lartet.

The Le Moustier skull is estimated to be approximately 45,000 years old.[1] Its characteristics include a large nasal cavity and a somewhat less developed brow ridge and occipital bun, as might be expected in a juvenile.

After discovery, the skull was dismantled, cast and reconstructed at least four times. During this process, the skull received considerable amounts of damage; for example, when it was sold to the Museum für Völkerkunde in Berlin, a dentist broke the alveolar bone to access the teeth. The skull is now missing many parts, the teeth glued into the wrong position, and it has been dipped into glue, covered with varnish, and painted with plaster. Consequently its scientific value is much reduced. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Museum [Retrieved 2012-01-06]
  2. ^ Weber, Gerhard (2011). Virtual anthropology : a guide to a new interdisciplinary field. Wien London: Springer. ISBN 978-3-211-48647-4.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]