Le Roy, New York
Le Roy, New York
Main Street in Le Roy looking west, from Robert N. Dennis collection of stereoscopic views
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Steve Barbeau|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||42.17 sq mi (109.23 km2)|
|• Land||42.08 sq mi (109.00 km2)|
|• Water||0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||176.48/sq mi (68.14/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Le Roy, or more commonly LeRoy, is a town in Genesee County, New York, United States. The population was 7,641 at the 2010 census. The town is named after one of the original land owners, Herman Le Roy. The town lies on the eastern edge of Genesee County. Within the town is a village also named Le Roy. The town is known as the “Birthplace of Jell-O”.
The area was first settled in 1793. The town of Le Roy was established in 1812 as the "Town of Bellona" from part of the town of Caledonia (Livingston County). The name was later changed to "Le Roy" in 1813, after New York City merchant and land speculator Herman LeRoy. Coincidentally, Capt. John Ganson, of the area that was originally named the Ganson Settlement and the Ganson Tavern, died in 1813. The Tavern was torn down by Jell-O.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.2 square miles (109.2 km²), all of it land.
Oatka Creek, a tributary of the Genesee River, flows northward through the town and was a source of water power for early mills. The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) passes across the north part of the town. The western terminus of Interstate 490 is also here.
The town rests atop the Onondaga Formation which forms an escarpment that faces north and runs east/west, just north of the village. The limestone rock is highly fossiliferous, of Devonian age, and extensively quarried. It is used for road building as crushed rock, and for the manufacture of portland cement. In the eastern part of the town is a community named Lime Rock.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
At the 2000 census there were 7,790 people, 3,037 households, and 2,034 families in the town. The population density was 184.7 people per square mile (71.3/km²). There were 3,219 housing units at an average density of 76.3 per square mile (29.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.01% White, 1.87% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.78%.
Of the 3,037 households 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 26.9% of households were one person and 11.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.
The age distribution was 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males.
The median household income was $39,690 and the median family income was $49,189. Males had a median income of $36,810 versus $23,024 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,342. About 3.8% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the town of Le Roy
- Fort Hill – a hamlet in the northwest part of the town, north of Le Roy village on Route 19. It is the site of a prehistoric Native American village.
- Le Roy – a village on Route 5 and Oatka Creek
- Le Roy Airport (5G0) – a small general aviation airport east of the village on Route 5
- Lime Rock – a hamlet on Route 5 near the eastern town line, east of Le Roy village
2011 illness outbreak
Beginning in August 2011, 14 students (13 girls and one boy) from the LeRoy Junior-Senior High School began reporting myriad perplexing medical symptoms including verbal outbursts, tics, seizure activity and speech difficulty. In mid-January, five days after a community meeting in which the New York State Department of Health stated their diagnosis could not be revealed publicly due to privacy concerns, two of the girls appeared on NBC's Today Show to discuss their frustration with not getting adequate answers. The next day, Dr. Laszlo Mechtler, a neurologist treating most of the girls, was given permission to share the diagnosis of conversion disorder and mass psychogenic illness.
Unsatisfied with the investigation's results, the girls and their parents spoke out publicly against their diagnosis, stating they believed the situation warranted further scrutiny from outside sources. Alternative medical theories for condition were suggested, including Tourette syndrome and PANDAS, which Dr. Mechtler and his team ruled out as possibilities. Erin Brockovich, noted environmental activist, was called to town to investigate environmental pollution from the 1970 Lehigh Valley Railroad derailment as a possible cause. During this time, many of the girls appeared in the local and national media, as well as posting on social media. As this happened, many of these girls started reporting worse symptoms to their doctors, and the illness spread to 20 individuals.
Eventually, as doctors encouraged their patients to stay away from the media and the media attention died down, many of the girls' symptoms improved. By the end of the school year in June, one girl was diagnosed with Tourette syndrome, likely the source of the mass psychogenic illness, and most of the girls who received treatment for conversion disorder were back to normal in time for graduation. No environmental causes were found after repeated testing around the school and surrounding areas of town.
- Seth M. Gates, former U.S. congressman from New York
- Dorothy Layne McIntyre, First African American woman (and maybe the first woman) to earn a civilian pilot's license under the Civil Aeronautics Authority 
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 185.
- Belson, Ken (May 4, 2008). "Upstate, Where It Was First Made, Unwavering Devotion to Jell-O". New York Times. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
- Taylor's guide to heirloom vegetables. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 1996. ISBN 0-395-70818-4.
- Waymarking. "Statue of Liberty - Le Roy, NY". Waymarking. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
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- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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- Dominus, Susan (March 7, 2012). "The Mystery of 18 Twitching Teenagers in Le Roy". The New York Times.
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- "What Really Happened To The Girls In Le Roy?". February 21, 2013. Archived from the original on June 28, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "Mass Hysteria In Upstate NY", Huffington Post, Retrieved 2012-01-31.
- "School's end clears up New York students' mystery twitching". Reuters. June 23, 2012.
- "GATES, Seth Merrill, (1800 - 1877)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
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