Le Tholonet

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Le Tholonet
Château du Tholonet
Château du Tholonet
Coat of arms of Le Tholonet
Coat of arms
Location of Le Tholonet
Le Tholonet is located in France
Le Tholonet
Le Tholonet
Le Tholonet is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Le Tholonet
Le Tholonet
Coordinates: 43°31′22″N 5°30′42″E / 43.5228°N 5.5117°E / 43.5228; 5.5117Coordinates: 43°31′22″N 5°30′42″E / 43.5228°N 5.5117°E / 43.5228; 5.5117
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentBouches-du-Rhône
ArrondissementAix-en-Provence
CantonTrets
IntercommunalityAix-Marseille-Provence
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Legier
Area
1
10.82 km2 (4.18 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
2,305
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
13109 /13100
Elevation150–350 m (490–1,150 ft)
(avg. 193 m or 633 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Le Tholonet (Lou Toulounet and Lo Tolonet in Provençal) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France. Its inhabitants are called Tholonétiens.

Geography[edit]

The commune is near Aix-en-Provence, and at the foot of the montagne Sainte-Victoire. The river Arc goes through the commune.

The hamlet of Palette, which gives its name to the Palette AOC appellation, is located on the commune's territory.[2]

History[edit]

The earliest signs of human presence can be dated back to the Iron Age, and are located in the Infernet and Espinades ranges.[3]

In the nineteenth century, a small oppidum named "Ragabom camp" or "Ratabom camp" was discovered at the Infernet site.[3] The camp consists of fortifications build with large stone blocks. The ruins are barely discernible today. Archeological surveys done from 1979-1980 helped discover furnishings dated from the Iron Ages up to the 2nd century BC, a time when the site was highly populated.[3]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793470—    
1800350−25.5%
1806489+39.7%
1821465−4.9%
1831501+7.7%
1836514+2.6%
1841540+5.1%
1846504−6.7%
1851602+19.4%
1856546−9.3%
1861540−1.1%
1866508−5.9%
1872501−1.4%
1876510+1.8%
1881506−0.8%
1886497−1.8%
1891505+1.6%
1896513+1.6%
1901466−9.2%
1906429−7.9%
1911383−10.7%
1921400+4.4%
1926402+0.5%
1931415+3.2%
1936421+1.4%
1946484+15.0%
1954592+22.3%
1962720+21.6%
1968953+32.4%
19751,137+19.3%
19821,186+4.3%
19902,004+69.0%
19992,259+12.7%
20082,227−1.4%

Sights[edit]

Moulin Cezanne
  • The Château du Tholonet (in its current form) was built by Alexandre de Galliffet in the 1640s. Galliffet had bought the plot from the Jarente family, and was president of the Aix-en-Provence parliament. His grandson Louis-François added a theater for his mistress Émilie de Marignane, wife of the famous orator Mirabeau. A marble cutting mill was used for Tholonet marble, known under the name Brêche d'Alep. Currently, the domain is owned by the Société du Canal de Provence (SCP).
  • Moulin Cezanne, an old windmill that has been restored. Currently it is used to host painting and sculpture exhibitions.
  • Ruins of the Roman aqueduct that brought water from Saint-Antonin to Aix-en-Provence. This fifteen-kilometre aqueduct bridge, located in the Cause ravine, had a rate of nearly 80 liters per second and was one of four aqueducts that supplied Aquae Sextiae, Aix-en-Provence during the Roman period. The Aix painter Jean-Antoine Constantin drew sketches of it, which are now in the Aix-en-Provence Méjanes libraries.[3]
  • The Zola Dam in the valley of the Cause river.

Media[edit]

  • Paul Cézanne, who painted Sainte-Victoire and the black castle at Tholonet, would often eat at the Berne restaurant, today named Relais Cézanne.
  • Jacqueline de Romilly, member of the Académie française, wrote the book Sur les chemins de Sainte-Victoire, published by Fallois (2001).
  • In 2006, Michel Bernascolle's book Les Rapegons de Sainte-Victoire was published by Cheminements.

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ Palette A.O.C., vinsvignesvignerons.com
  3. ^ a b c d "Carte archéologique de la Gaule : Aix-en-Provence, pays d'Aix, val de Durance", 13/4, Fl. Mocci, N. Nin (dir.), Paris, 2006, Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, ministère de l'Éducation nationale, ministère de la Recherche, ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, maison des Sciences de l'homme, centre Camille-Jullian, ville d'Aix-en-Provence, communauté du pays d'Aix, p. 684-90.

External links[edit]