Le domino noir
Le domino noir (The Black Domino) is an opéra comique by the French composer Daniel Auber, first performed on 2 December 1837 by the Opéra-Comique at the Salle de la Bourse in Paris. The libretto to the three-act piece is by Auber's usual collaborator, Eugène Scribe. It was one of Auber's most successful works, clocking up 1,207 performances by 1909. It received its UK premiere in 1838 and appeared in the USA the following year. Some of Auber's music has a Spanish flavour to reflect its setting.
In 1869, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky provided recitatives to replace the spoken dialogue for a proposed production of Le domino noir by an Italian opera company visiting Russia. No performances are believed to have taken place, but four of Tchaikovsky's recitatives were included in Richard Bonynge's recording of the opera.
In 2007, the St. Petersburg Conservatory Theatre in Russia included Tchaikovsky's recitatives in its production.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, 2 December 1837
(Conductor: - )
|Angèle de Olivarès, a novice nun||soprano||Laure Cinti-Damoreau|
|Brigitte de San Lucar, her fellow nun and confidante||soprano||Mlle Berthaut|
|Horace de Massarena, a young Spanish nobleman||tenor||Joseph-Antoine-Charles Couderc|
|Count Juliano, his friend||tenor||Théodore-Étienne Moreau-Sainti|
|Jacinthe, Juliano's housekeeper||alto||Mme Boulanger|
|Gil Perez, Jacinthe's lover||bass||Roy|
|Ursule, another nun, later abbess of the convent||soprano||Thérèse Olivier|
|Lord Elfort, a British diplomat||tenor||Honoré Grignon|
|Gertrude, convent portress||alto||Mme Roy|
- Time: c. 1780
- Place: Madrid
The action concerns a young novice nun, Angèle de Olivarès. Enjoying her last freedom before taking final vows, Angèle slips out of the Ursuline convent along with her companion Brigitte to attend a ball in honour of the Queen of Spain's birthday. To conceal her identity, she wears a black half-mask (the "domino" of the title). A year previously, at the same ball, Angèle had met a young man, Horace de Masserena. Horace has fallen in love with her and returns to the ball in the hope of seeing her again. Instead he meets the unknown woman in the black mask and dances with her. Thinking to help Horace, his friend Count Juliano, sets the clock back an hour causing Angèle to miss leaving at midnight, which would have allowed her to get back to the convent in time before the gates close. Angèle runs off and tries to take shelter for the night in a house she finds on the way. Unfortunately, it turns out to belong to Count Juliano who is holding a late-night party for his friends. Angèle persuades the housekeeper to disguise her as her niece from the country. She manages to fool everyone except, of course, Horace who recognises her from the ball a year ago. He does not tell anyone else but locks Angèle in a room where he hopes to keep her until she gives him an explanation. But Angèle is inadvertently freed by the housekeeper's lover, the drunken Gil Perez, who opens the door and runs off, having mistaken her for a demon in her mask and cloak. Angèle manages to slip undiscovered into the convent, where on the very same day she is to be installed as an abbess. Shortly before the ceremony, a letter from the queen frees her from her vows, which allows her to marry Horace and Ursule, her jealous rival for the office, to the chagrin of other nuns, is named the new abbess instead.
Scores and libretto
- Le domino noir (piano-vocal score, in French). Paris: Benoit. View at Internet Archive. (This copy has handwritten casts for numerous productions as well as illustrations.)
- Le domino noir (piano-vocal score, in French). Paris: Brandus. View at Internet Archive. View at Google Books.
- Le domino noir (piano-vocal score, edited by Arthur Sullivan and J. Pittman, in Italian and English, the latter by Charles L. Kenny). London: Boosey. View at Internet Archive.
- Der schwarze Domino (piano-vocal score, in a German translation by Freiherr von Lichtenstein, as well as French). London and Mainz: Schott. View at Internet Archive.
- Le domino noir (libretto in French, including spoken dialogue). Le magasin théatral. Copies 1 and 2 at Internet Archive.
- Le domino noir Sumi Jo, Bruce Ford, Isabelle Vernet, Jules Bastin, London Voices, English Chamber Orchestra, conducted by Richard Bonynge (Decca, 1995)
- Wild and Charlton (2005}, p. 226.
- Letellier (2010), p. 101.
- Booklet to the Bonynge recording.
- Holden, Amanda (Ed.), The New Penguin Opera Guide, New York: Penguin Putnam, 2001. ISBN 0-14-029312-4
- Letellier, Robert Ignatius (2010). Opéra-Comique: A Sourcebook. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars. ISBN 978-1-4438-2140-7.
- Wild, Nicole; Charlton, David (2005). Théâtre de l'Opéra-Comique Paris: répertoire 1762-1972. Sprimont, Belgium: Editions Mardaga. ISBN 978-2-87009-898-1.