Le guide culinaire
|ISBN||2-08-200803-7 (2001 printing)|
Le Guide culinaire (French pronunciation: [lə ɡid kylinɛːʁ]) is Escoffier's 1903 French restaurant cuisine cookbook, his first. It is a classic and still in print. Escoffier developed the recipes while working at the Savoy, Ritz and Carlton hotels from the late 1880s to the time of publication. The hotels and restaurants Escoffier worked in were on the cutting edge of modernity, doing away with many overwrought elements of the Victorian era while serving the elite of society.
Many of the recipes Escoffier developed while working at the Savoy in London, and later the Ritz in Paris. He kept notes on note cards. Recipes were often created and named for famous patrons including royalty, nouveau riche, and artists. After leaving the Savoy in 1898, he began work on the book.
Usage and style
The original text was printed for the use of professional chefs and kitchen staff; Escoffier's introduction to the first edition explains his intention that Le Guide culinaire be used toward the education of the younger generation of cooks. This usage of the book still holds today; many culinary schools still use it as their culinary textbook.
English and other editions
An abridged, English translation of Le guide culinaire 1e -1903, was published in 1907 as A Guide to Modern Cookery. A second edition of the translation was published in 1957 with an additional introduction by Eugène Herbodeau.
An English translation of Le guide culinaire 4e -1921, by H. L. Cracknell and R. J. Kaufmann, was published in 1979 as The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery: The First Translation into English in Its Entirety of Le Guide Culinaire, including "some 2,000 additional recipes" omitted from the more than 5000 recipes of the 1907 translation. The 1979 translation was subsequently republished as Escoffier: The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery (1983), and a revised second edition with new forewords was published as Escoffier: Le Guide Culinaire, Revised (2011).
- Luke Bar (2018). Ritz and Escoffier: The Hotelier, The Chef, and the Rise of the Leisure Class. Clarkson Potter. ISBN 978-0804186292.
- Escoffier, Auguste; Gilbert, Philéas; Fétu, E.; Suzanne, A.; Reboul, B.; Dietrich, Ch.; Caillat, A.; et al. (1903). Le Guide Culinaire, Aide-mémoire de cuisine pratique (in French). Paris: Émile Colin, Imprimerie de Lagny. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Zeldin, Theodore (1993). A History of French Passions 1848-1945: Intellect, Taste, and Anxiety. Oxford University Press. p. 737. ISBN 978-0-19-822178-4.
- Escoffier, Auguste (1907). A Guide to Modern Cookery. London: William Heinemann. Retrieved 7 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- James, Kenneth (2002). Escoffier: The King of Chefs. Continuum. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-85285-396-9.
- David, Elizabeth (1999). French Provincial Cooking. United States: Penguin Books. pp. 464, 469. ISBN 978-0-14-118153-0. Retrieved 7 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Escoffier, Auguste (1979). Escoffier: The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery: The First Translation into English in Its Entirety of Le Guide Culinaire. Butterworth-Heinemann Limited. ISBN 978-0-7506-0288-4. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Escoffier, Auguste; Cracknell, H.L.; Kaufmann, R.J. (15 June 1983). Escoffier: The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-29016-2. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Escoffier, Auguste; Cracknell, H.L.; Kaufmann, R.J. (7 June 2011). Escoffier: Le Guide Culinaire, Revised. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-90027-7. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Escoffier, Georges Auguste., Le Guide culinaire, 4th edition. France: Flammarion, 1921 (renewed 1993)
- Escoffier, Georges Auguste, Trans. anon., The Escoffier Cookbook. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1969