Lea Rosh (2012)
Edith Renate Ursula Rosh|
1 October 1936 (Aged 80)
Lea Rosh (German pronunciation: [ˈʁoːs]; born Edith Renate Ursula Rosh on 1 October 1936 in Berlin) is a German television journalist, publicist, entrepreneur and political activist. Rosh was the first female journalist to manage a public broadcasting service in Germany and in the 1970s the first anchorwoman of Kennzeichen D, a major political television program. She has been a member of the SPD since 1968.
While she received major public awards, e.g. the Bundesverdienstkreuz, Rosh is either a controversial and influential figure in the local political scene of Berlin. By friend and foe, the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin is seen as her main and personal achievement.
Lea Rosh's husband died in 2008. The late Jakob Schulze-Rohr was an architect and building contractor in Berlin and a brother of the film director Peter Schulze-Rohr. Rosh maintains a PR-Agency in Berlin and is lecturing at University of Management and Communication (FH) Potsdam in the fields of Moderating and Media training.
Born and raised by a Protestant family in Berlin, her father was killed in the winter of 1944 as a Wehrmacht soldier in Poland. At age 18 she left the Lutheran Church in Germany, she describes herself as an atheist. She began to use the first name Lea instead of her given name of Edith, describing the name Edith, which is of Old English origin, as "horribly German".
Rosh worked at various German radio and television services, including the Sender Freies Berlin and the ZDF. From 1991 to 1997 she was appointed director of the Hannover studio of the Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR), being the first woman to hold a comparable post in the history of German broadcasting.
Motivated by historian Eberhard Jäckel, she was one of the primary forces who lobbied from 1988 onwards for over 17 years for the construction of the widely controversial Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, completed in May 2005. She has been chairman of the „Förderkreis zur Errichtung eines Denkmals für die ermordeten Juden Europas“ (Society for the Promotion of Raising a Monument to the Murdered Jews of Europe) since 1995, and vice chairman of the board of trustees of the „Stiftung Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas“ (Foundation for the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe) since 1999.
Since 2007 Lea Rosh holds a post as a lecturer at the UMC Potsdam-University of Management and Communication (FH) for the subjects moderation and media training.
Michael Naumann first had opted against the Berlin Holocaust Monument and (similar to the less known Eike Geisel) had interpreted the attempts as a self finding process of the German Bourgeoisie and a hidden conclusion (heimlicher Schlußstrich) of the Vergangenheitsbewältigung. While, according to Naumann, after 1871 the leading class in the German Empire manifested their historical views in raising retrospective monuments like the Hermannsdenkmal and Völkerschlachtdenkmal and joined in a controversial debate abaout the planned reconstruction of Heidelberg Castle, the Berlin Republic would use the debates around the Holocaustmahnmal and the reconstruction of Berliner Stadtschloss for a similar purpose  with Lea Rosh being a leading figure in both cases.
According to Claus Leggewie, beyond a 'selbsttherapeutisches Lebenswerk' (lit. 'self-therapeutic life's work') Rosh's monumental work resulted in a symbol of national identity of her generation as well the Berlin capital. Instead of reflection and insecurity in the face of (especially around Berlin) decaying authentic memorial sites, Rosh's initiative initiated a higher self-consciousness and pride of the World Masters of Remembering ('Gedenkweltmeister') involved. Rosh's attempts however result  in a possibly exclusive stance against Germans with a migration background  which do not share the same history.
As head of the NDR in the 1990s Rosh banned the lyrics of the Niedersachsenlied, the anthem of Lower Saxony composed in the 1920s, from NDR radio broadcast, as she perceived them as fascistoid.
When at the Holocaust monument's dedication on 10 May 2005, Rosh held up a molar tooth which she had retrieved from Belzec concentration camp in 1988, promising to place it in a column at the memorial, the act outraged several prominent German Jewish leaders, notably Paul Spiegel, the then chairman of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, who described the idea as "irreverent". Rosh withdrew her plan and returned the molar to Belzec concentration camp shortly after.
Claus Leggewie criticized her very strongly for "running over" ("... überrollt hat") any resistance against "her" monument and for leaving all those who put forward "professionally, pedagogically and aesthetically sound arguments" against her monumental project bereft of nerves, voice, reputation and good faith.
- "Lea Rosh CV". Retrieved 2007-12-29.
- Deckwerth, Sabine (2002-05-29). "Lea Rosh verliert vor Gericht gegen einen Buchverlag". Berliner Zeitung online (in German). Retrieved 2007-12-29.: "In ihrer Geburtsurkunde steht Edith Renate Ursula Rosh."
- Piritta Kleiner, Jüdisch, Jung und Jetzt: Identitäten und Lebenswelten junger Juden in München, p. 57, Herbert Utz Verlag, 2010, ISBN 3831640033
- . According to Eike Geisel's book 'Triumph des guten Willens' (Triumph of good will) her name change were an interesting paradoxon - the first name Lea sounding Sephardim but Edith, her original name having been fashionable with German jews trying to 'germanize' themselves in the early 20th century, Geisel referring e.g. to Edith Stein
- Lau, Miriam (2004-12-15). "Lea Rosh ist am Ziel ihrer langen Belehrungsmission". Die Welt (in German). Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Geschwister-Scholl-Preis » Preisträger 1990 Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Bundesverdienstkreuz: Wowereit ehrte Lea Rosh". 2006-09-13. Archived from the original on 2011-05-15.
- Naumann, Michael (2005-05-04). "Ohne Antwort, ohne Trost". Die Zeit. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- Claus Leggewie, Erik Meyer, Ein Ort, an den man gerne geht. Das Holocaust-Mahnmal und die Geschichtspolitik nach 1989, Hanser München 2005, ISBN 3-446-20586-1
- Keller, Claudia (2005-05-12). "Empörung über Lea Rosh". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Heinemann, Ronald (2005-05-11). ""Roshs Vorhaben ist äußerst pietätlos." Interview with Paul Spiegel". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- "Mahnmal-Streit: Lea Rosh gibt Backenzahn an Belzec zurück". Der Spiegel (in German). 2005-05-13. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Ziesing, Hartmut (2005-07-20). "Lea Rosh vergräbt Backenzahn in Belzec" (in German). Netzwerk für Osteuropa-Berichterstattung e.V. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Leggewie, Claus; Meyer, Erik (2001-08-09). "Schalten Sie nicht ab! Gedenkstätten in der Ökonomie der Aufmerksamkeit". Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Archived from the original on 2009-06-20.