Lead carbonate

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Lead carbonate
Lead carbonate
Names
IUPAC name
Lead(II) carbonate
Other names
Identifiers
ECHA InfoCard 100.009.041
RTECS number OF9275000
Properties
PbCO3
Molar mass 267.21 g/mol
Appearance White powder
Density 6.582 g/cm3
Melting point 315 °C (599 °F; 588 K) (decomposes)
0.00011 g/100 mL (20 °C)
1.46 x 10−13
Solubility insoluble in alcohol, ammonia;
soluble in acid, alkali
−61.2·10−6 cm3/mol
1.804 [1]
Hazards
Safety data sheet External MSDS
Repr. Cat. 1/3
Toxic (T)
Harmful (Xn)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
R-phrases (outdated) R61, R20/22, R33, R62, R50/53
S-phrases (outdated) S53, S45, S60, S61
Flash point Non-flammable
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Lead(II) carbonate is the chemical compound PbCO3. It is prepared industrially from lead(II) acetate and carbon dioxide.

It occurs naturally as the mineral cerussite.[2]

Carbonate[edit]

Old toxic Dutch Boy Paint, with basic lead carbonate and linseed oil

There are a number of basic lead carbonates and related compounds, including:

Manufacturing[edit]

Lead carbonate is manufactured by passing carbon dioxide into a cold dilute solution of lead(II) acetate, or by shaking a suspension of a lead salt less soluble than the carbonate with ammonium carbonate at a low temperature to avoid formation of basic lead carbonate.

Pb(CH3COO)2 + (NH4)2CO3 → PbCO3 + 2 NH4(CH3COO)

Regulations[edit]

The supply and use of this compound is restricted in Europe.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pradyot Patnaik. Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, 2002, ISBN 0-07-049439-8
  2. ^ Inorganic Chemistry, Egon Wiberg, Arnold Frederick Holleman Elsevier 2001 ISBN 0-12-352651-5
  3. ^ S.V. Krivovichev and P.C. Burns, "Crystal chemistry of basic lead carbonates. II. Crystal structure of synthetic 'plumbonacrite'." Mineralogical Magazine, 64(6), pp. 1069-1075, December 2000. http://www.nd.edu/~pburns/pcb075.pdf
  4. ^ http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/index.htm


Carbonates
H2CO3 He
Li2CO3,
LiHCO3
BeCO3 B C (NH4)2CO3,
NH4HCO3
O F Ne
Na2CO3,
NaHCO3,
Na3H(CO3)2
MgCO3,
Mg(HCO3)2
Al2(CO3)3 Si P S Cl Ar
K2CO3,
KHCO3
CaCO3,
Ca(HCO3)2
Sc Ti V Cr MnCO3 FeCO3 CoCO3 NiCO3 CuCO3 ZnCO3 Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Rb2CO3 SrCO3 Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag2CO3 CdCO3 In Sn Sb Te I Xe
Cs2CO3,
CsHCO3
BaCO3   Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl2CO3 PbCO3 (BiO)2CO3 Po At Rn
Fr Ra   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
La2(CO3)3 Ce2(CO3)3 Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Ac Th Pa UO2CO3 Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr

External links[edit]