3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||241.21 g/mol|
|Appearance||blue amorphous powder|
|Density||7.41 g/cm3 |
|Melting point||135 °C (275 °F; 408 K) (decomposes)|
|0.0155 g/100 mL (3000 °C)|
Solubility product (Ksp)
|1.42 x 10−20|
|Solubility||soluble in dilute acid and alkalis; |
insoluble in acetone and acetic acid
|S-phrases (outdated)||(S1/2) S20/21 S29/56 S45|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Lead(II) hydroxide, Pb(OH)2, is a hydroxide of lead, with lead in oxidation state +2. It is doubtful that such a simple compound exists. Lead basic carbonate (PbCO3·2Pb(OH)2) or lead(II) oxide (PbO) is encountered in practice where lead hydroxide is expected. This has been a subject of considerable confusion in the past.
When a hydroxide is added to a solution of a lead(II) salt, a hydrated lead oxide PbO·xH2O (with x < 1) is obtained. Careful hydrolysis of lead(II) acetate solution yields a crystalline product with a formula 6PbO·2H2O = Pb6O4(OH)4. This material is a cluster compound, consisting of an octahedron of Pb centers, each face of which is capped by an oxide or a hydroxide. The structure is reminiscent of the Mo6S8 subunit of the Chevrel phases.
In solution, lead(II) hydroxide is a somewhat weak base, forming lead(II) ion, Pb2+, under weakly acidic conditions. This cation hydrolyzes and, under progressively increasing alkaline conditions, forms Pb(OH)+, Pb(OH)2(aqueous), Pb(OH)3−, and other species, including several polynuclear species, e.g., Pb4(OH)44+, Pb3(OH)42+, Pb6O(OH)64+.
- Pradyot Patnaik. Handbook of Organic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill, 2002, ISBN 0-07-049439-8
- Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 1st edition, 2000, CRC Press ISBN 0-8493-0740-6
- G. Todd and E. Parry (1964). "Character of Lead Hydroxide and Basic Lead Carbonate". Nature. 202 (4930): 386–387. doi:10.1038/202386a0.
- Von Egon Wiberg, Nils Wiberg, Arnold Frederick Holleman, "Inorganic Chemistry", Academic Press, 2001 (Google books).
- R. A. Howie; W. Moser (1968). "Structure of Tin(II) "Hydroxide" and Lead(II) "Hydroxide". Nature. 219: 372–373. doi:10.1038/219372a0.