Leader of the Opposition (Hungary)

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Leader of the Opposition
Molnár Gyula (MSZP.hu).jpg
Incumbent
Gyula Molnár

since 25 June 2016
Term length While leader of the largest political party not in government
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The Opposition (Hungarian: Ellenzék) in Hungary is the body of political parties represented in the parliament which are not a part of the government supported by the parliamentary majority.

The Leader of the Opposition (Hungarian: Az ellenzék vezére) is the unofficial title held by the leader of the largest party of the opposition.

History[edit]

The Leader of the Opposition is normally the leader of the largest party not within the government, which is usually the second largest political party in the National Assembly.

Following the first democratic election in 1990 after the end of communism, Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ) suffered a close defeat, thus becoming the leading opposition force in the parliament. After the fall of the conservative government at the following 1994 parliamentary election, SZDSZ, the second largest party, surprised many by entering into a coalition with the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP), which achieved a remarkable revival, winning an overall majority of 209 seats out of 386.[1] Thus Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF), only with 38 MPs became the largest opposition party, while the government had a two-thirds majority.

On 4 March 1996, 15 MPs left MDF and formed Hungarian Democratic People's Party (MDNP), as a result agrarian right-wing Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party (FKgP) became the largest opposition party. By 1997, several parliamentarians had joined the Fidesz, mainly from the disintegrating Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP). The Fidesz became the main challenger to the socialist-liberal cabinet.

From 1998 until 2010, there was a de facto two-party system in Hungary. MSZP suffered a heavy defeat in the 2010 election (won by Fidesz with a two-thirds majority), gaining only 19,3% of the votes, and 59 seats in the parliament, nevertheless the Socialists were able to maintain their leading role in the opposition, while Hungarian politics became a dominant-party system. The 2014 parliamentary election confirmed this position. Socialist Party Chairman Gyula Molnár has been the Leader of the Opposition since 25 June 2016.

List of leaders of the Opposition[edit]

No. Leader Political Party Term of office
1 Kis János 1989 (crop).jpg János Kis SZDSZ 1990–1991
2 No image.png Péter Tölgyessy SZDSZ 1991–1992
3 PetőIván.jpg Iván Pető SZDSZ 1992–1994
4 No image.png Lajos Für MDF 1994–1996
5 Torgyán József - 2016 (crop).jpg József Torgyán FKgP 1996–1997
6 Orban Viktor Portrait.jpg Viktor Orbán Fidesz 1997–1998
7 Gyula Horn (2007).jpg Gyula Horn MSZP 1998
8 MSZP Congress July 2014-07.JPG László Kovács MSZP 1998–2002
9 Pokorni Zoltan 2008-10-23 (crop).JPG Zoltán Pokorni Fidesz 2002
10 Ader Janos.jpg János Áder Fidesz 2002–2003
(6) Orban Viktor Portrait.jpg Viktor Orbán Fidesz 2003–2010
11 Lendvai Ildikó 2010-02-20 (crop).JPG Ildikó Lendvai MSZP 2010
12 Mesterházy Attila 2009-12-14.JPG Attila Mesterházy MSZP 2010–2014
Horn Gyula temetése Botka László.JPG László Botka[2] MSZP 2014
13 Tobias Jozsef 2013-12-18.JPG József Tóbiás MSZP 2014–2016
14 Molnár Gyula (MSZP.hu).jpg Gyula Molnár MSZP 2016–present

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bodan Todosijević The Hungarian Voter: Left–Right Dimension as a Clue to Policy Preferences in International Political Science Review (2004), Vol 25, No. 4, p. 421
  2. ^ Acting Leader of the Opposition

See also[edit]