Leader of the Opposition (Malaysia)

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Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
Deputy Prime Minister Hamidi - 2017 (36294565072) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Ahmad Zahid Hamidi

since 12 May 2018 (2018-05-12)
Inaugural holder Burhanuddin al-Helmy
Formation 1959 (1379H / B.E.2502)
In the Dewan Rakyat, the Leader of the Opposition sits at the front table to the left of the Speaker's Chair (on the right-hand side in this photo).

The Leader of the Opposition in Malaysian Federal Politics is a Member of Parliament in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives).[1] By convention, the position is held by the leader of the political party not in government that has the most seats in the House. When in parliament, the Leader of the Opposition sits on the left-hand side of the centre table, in front of the Opposition and opposite the Prime Minister. The Opposition Leader is elected by the minority party of the House according to its rules. A new Opposition Leader may be elected when the incumbent dies, resigns, or is challenged for the leadership.

Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system and is based on the Westminster model. The Opposition is an important component of the Westminster system, with the Opposition directing criticism at the Government's policies and programs, give close attention to all proposed legislation and attempts to defeat and replace the Government. The Opposition is therefore known as the 'government in waiting' and it is a formal part of the parliamentary system.

Since May 2018, Barisan Nasional has been the Malaysian Opposition. Previously, the longest-serving Opposition Leader had been Lim Kit Siang, who served for a total of 28 years (from 1975-1999 and then from 2004-2008).

List of Leaders of the Opposition of Malaysia[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Malaysian Islamic Party   Labour Party of Malaya   Democratic Action Party   Sarawak National Party   People's Justice Party   Pakatan Harapan   Barisan Nasional

# Leader of the Opposition Political party Term of office Prime Minister Refs
Took office Left office
1 Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Burhanuddin al-Helmy
(1911–1969)
MP for Besut
PMIP 1959 1964 Tunku Abdul Rahman
2 Tan Chee Khoon.jpg Tan Chee Khoon
(1919–1996)
MP for Batu
SF (LPM) 1964 1969
- Position vacant 1969 1971
Abdul Razak Hussein
3 Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Mohamed Asri Muda
(1923–1992)
MP for Pasir Puteh
PMIP 1971 1973
4 Lim Kit Siang cropped.jpg Lim Kit Siang
(b. 1941)
MP for Bandar Malacca
DAP 30 January 1973 31 July 1974 [2]
5 Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg James Wong
(1922–2011)
MP for Miri-Lubis
SNAP 1974 1974
6 Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Edmund Langgu Saga
(b. 1936)
MP for Saratok
SNAP 4 November 1974 4 November 1975 [3]
(4) Lim Kit Siang cropped.jpg Lim Kit Siang
(b. 1941)
MP for Kota Melaka (1975-1978)
MP for Petaling (1978–1982)
MP for Kota Melaka (1982-1986)
MP for Tanjong (1986–1999)
DAP 4 November 1975 12 June 1978 [4]
Hussein Onn
31 July 1978 29 March 1982 [5]
Mahathir Mohamad
10 July 1982 19 July 1986 [6]
8 October 1986 4 October 1990 [7]
10 December 1990 6 April 1995 [8]
15 June 1995 10 November 1999 [9]
7 Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Fadzil Noor
(1937–2002)
MP for Pendang
PAS 20 December 1999 23 June 2002 [10]
8 Abdul Hadi Awang
(b. 1947)
MP for Marang
PAS 9 September 2002 4 March 2004 [11]
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
(4) Lim Kit Siang cropped.jpg Lim Kit Siang
(b. 1941)
MP for Ipoh Timor
DAP 19 May 2004 13 February 2008 [12]
9 Wan Azizah.jpg Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(b. 1952)
MP for Permatang Pauh
PKR 30 April 2008 28 August 2008 [13][14]
10 Anwar Ibrahim.jpg Anwar Ibrahim
(b. 1947)
MP for Permatang Pauh
PKR 28 August 2008 3 April 2013 [15]
Najib Razak
26 June 2013 16 March 2015 [16][17]
(9) Wan Azizah.jpg Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(b. 1952)
MP for Permatang Pauh
PH (PKR) 18 May 2015 10 May 2018 [18]
11 Najib Razak 2008-08-21.jpg Najib Razak
(b. 1953)
MP for Pekan & Former Prime Minister of Malaysia
BN (UMNO) 10 May 2018 12 May 2018 Mahathir Mohamad [19]
12 Deputy Prime Minister Hamidi - 2017 (36294565072) (cropped).jpg Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
(b. 1953)
MP for Bagan Datuk & Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
BN (UMNO) 12 May 2018 Incumbent

References[edit]