Leading Creek (Little Kanawha River)

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Leading Creek
Leading Creek Gilmer County WV.jpg
Leading Creek at its mouth in Gilmer County in 2006
Country United States
State West Virginia
Counties Lewis, Gilmer
Source
 - location near Camden, Lewis County
 - elevation 1,120 ft (341 m) [1]
 - coordinates 39°03′10″N 80°34′30″W / 39.0528699°N 80.5750948°W / 39.0528699; -80.5750948 [2]
Mouth Little Kanawha River
 - location Gilmer County
 - elevation 696 ft (212 m) [2]
 - coordinates 38°56′48″N 80°52′37″W / 38.9467562°N 80.8770491°W / 38.9467562; -80.8770491Coordinates: 38°56′48″N 80°52′37″W / 38.9467562°N 80.8770491°W / 38.9467562; -80.8770491 [2]
Length 28.6 mi (46 km)
Basin 147 sq mi (381 km2)
Discharge for a site 1.4 mi (2.3 km) upstream of mouth
 - average 220 cu ft/s (6 m3/s)
 - max 12,100 cu ft/s (343 m3/s)
 - min 0.1 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
Location of the mouth of Leading Creek in Gilmer County, West Virginia

Leading Creek is a tributary of the Little Kanawha River, 28.6 miles (46.0 km) long,[3] in central West Virginia in the United States. Via the Little Kanawha and Ohio rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 147 square miles (380 km2)[4] in a rural region on the unglaciated portion of the Allegheny Plateau.

Leading Creek rises just west of Camden in Lewis County and flows west-southwestward into Gilmer County, through the unincorporated communities of Alum Bridge and Pickle Street in Lewis County and Linn and Troy in Gilmer County. It flows into the Little Kanawha River approximately 2.4 miles (3.9 km) west-northwest of Glenville.[5]

Between Camden and Troy, the creek's course is paralleled by the Staunton and Parkersburg Turnpike, along present-day U.S. routes 33 and 119 between Camden and Linn; and West Virginia Route 47 between Linn and Troy.[5][6]

According to the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection, approximately 84% of the Leading Creek watershed is forested, mostly deciduous. Approximately 15% is used for pasture and agriculture.[4]

According to the Geographic Names Information System, Leading Creek has also been known historically by the spelling "Leeding Creek."[2] According to tradition, Leading Creek was so named by explorers who used it to navigate.[7]

Flow rate[edit]

At a United States Geological Survey stream gauge 1.4 miles (2.3 km) upstream from the creek's mouth, the annual mean flow of the creek between 1937 and 1951 was 220 cubic feet per second (6 m³/s). The highest recorded flow during the period was 12,100 cu ft/s (343 m³/s) on June 25, 1950. The lowest recorded flow was 0.1 cu ft/s (0 m³/s) on several days in September 1939.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Earth elevation for GNIS source coordinates. Retrieved on 2010-07-04.
  2. ^ a b c d Geographic Names Information System. "Geographic Names Information System entry for Leading Creek (Feature ID #1541578)". Retrieved 2011-10-12. 
  3. ^ United States Environmental Protection Agency. "Watershed Assessment, Tracking & Environmental Results: Assessment Summary for Reporting Year 2008, West Virginia, Little Kanawha Watershed". Archived from the original on 2011-10-14. Retrieved 2011-10-13. 
  4. ^ a b West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection. "Little Kanawha River". Watershed Atlas Project. Archived from the original on 2005-04-04. Retrieved 2011-10-12.  External link in |work= (help)
  5. ^ a b West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. p. 35. ISBN 0-89933-246-3. 
  6. ^ Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike Alliance. "Staunton Parkersburg Turnpike: A Map of the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike Byway". Staunton Parkersburg Turnpike. Retrieved 2011-10-12.  External link in |work= (help)
  7. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, WV: The Place Name Press. p. 364. 
  8. ^ "Water-Data Report 2008, 03152500 Leading Creek near Glenville, WV" (PDF). United States Geological Survey. 2008. Retrieved 2011-10-14.