Leaf green tree frog
|Leaf green tree frog|
|Distribution of the leaf green tree frog|
This is a fairly small species of tree frog, up to about 40 mm in length. It can be light green to dark olive green to light brown to dark brown on the dorsal surface. A pale golden stripe runs from the nostril, across the eye, over the typanum, and down the side, underlined by a dark brown stripe, which also goes over the typanum, not across it. The forelimbs, groin, and thighs are dark red. The toes are three-quarters webbed and toe discs are large. The belly is white.
Ecology and behaviour
This species inhabits flowing streams in rainforest, woodland and wet or dry sclerophyll forest along the coast and ranges of New South Wales. Males make an "erk..ek..ek..derk" call from stream-side vegetation during spring, summer and autumn, especially on warm nights; they are often seen in suburban creeks around the Sydney and near the sea.
This key distinguishes between the physical differences of the leaf green tree frog (L. phyllochroa), southern leaf green tree frog (L. nudidigitus) and frogs that represent species described as Pearson's green tree frog (L. pearsoniana) and mountain stream tree frog (L. barringtonensis). All of these are very closely related and look similar. Their taxonomy species is under review.
L. barringtonensis - mid-north coast of NSW
L. nudidigitus - south of Sydney, NSW
L. phyllochroa - from Sydney to mid-north coast of NSW
L. pearsoniana - north-east NSW and south-east Qld
L. barringtonensis - black dots present, usually very distinct and many dots (see photo)
L. nudidigitus - no black dots present
L. phyllochroa - no black dots present
L. pearsoniana - black dots usually present (not as distinct and not as many as L. barringtonensis), although some specimens have none, or very few
L. barringtonensis - distinct, no colouration
L. nudidigitus - indistinct, no colouration
L. phyllochroa - distinct, no colouration
L. pearsoniana - distinct, brown in colour
Shoulder and groin colouration:
L. barringtonensis - None present.
L. nudidigitus - red to black colouration (shoulder), red (groin)
L. phyllochroa - red-brown colouration (shoulder), red (groin)
L. pearsoniana - none present
L. barringtonensis - light brown or yellow, passes over the tympanum
L. nudidigitus - gold with a black underline, passes over the tympanum
L. phyllochroa - gold with a dark brown underline, passes over the tympanum
L. pearsoniana - light brown with a thicker brown underline, passes through the tympanum
As a pet
It is kept as a pet; in Australia, this animal may be kept in captivity with the appropriate permit.
- Anstis, M. 2002. Tadpoles of South-eastern Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.
- Robinson, M. 2002. A Field Guide to Frogs of Australia. Australian Museum/Reed New Holland: Sydney.
- Frogs Australia Network-frog call available here.
- Frog and Tadpole Study Group
- Hero; et al. (2004). "Litoria phyllochroa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 12 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
- Article Road: List of All Frog Breeds: Things You Can Do to Ensure Your Frog Has a Long, Happy and Healthy Life: Leaf Green Tree Frog
- Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water, New South Wales: Amphibian Keeper's Licence: Species Lists