Leafscale gulper shark

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Leafscale gulper shark
Centrophorus squamosus1.jpg
Drawing by R. Mintern
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Centrophoridae
Genus: Centrophorus
Species:
C. squamosus
Binomial name
Centrophorus squamosus
Centrophorus squamosus distmap.png
Range of leafscale gulper shark (in blue)
Synonyms

Centrophorus ferrugineus Meng, Hu & Li, 1982

The leafscale gulper shark (Centrophorus squamosus) is a dogfish of the family Centrophoridae. C. squamosus is reported to have a lifespan of approximately 70 years, based on otolith ring counts.[1] It was the first described species in the genus Centrophorus, which now contains 13 species.

Physical characteristics[edit]

Teeth and jaw of a female Leafscale gulper shark.

The leafscale gulper shark has no anal fin, two dorsal fins with spines, the first dorsal being relatively low and long, large eyes, and rough leaf-like denticles. Its maximum length is 158 centimetres (5 ft 2 in).

Distribution[edit]

Eastern Atlantic around continental slopes from Iceland south to the Cape of Good Hope, Western Indian Ocean around Aldabra Islands, and western Pacific around Honshū, Japan, the Philippines, south-east Australia, and New Zealand.

Habits and habitat[edit]

The leafscale gulper shark lives near the bottom between 230 and 2,360 metres (750 and 7,740 ft), but usually below 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). Also occurs pelagically in much deeper water. It probably feeds on fish and cephalopods.

It is ovoviviparous with a maximum of 5 young per litter.

Its meat is utilized dried and salted for human consumption and as fishmeal.

Conservation status[edit]

The New Zealand Department of Conservation has classified the leafscale gulper shark as "Not Threatened" with the qualifier "Secure Overseas" under the New Zealand Threat Classification System.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Centrophorus squamosus". The Moirai - Aging Research. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  2. ^ Duffy, Clinton A. J.; Francis, Malcolm; Dunn, M. R.; Finucci, Brit; Ford, Richard; Hitchmough, Rod; Rolfe, Jeremy (2018). Conservation status of New Zealand chondrichthyans (chimaeras, sharks and rays), 2016 (PDF). Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Conservation. p. 9. ISBN 9781988514628. OCLC 1042901090.