Leafscale gulper shark

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Leafscale gulper shark
Centrophorus squamosus1.jpg
Drawing by R. Mintern
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Centrophoridae
Genus: Centrophorus
Species: C. squamosus
Binomial name
Centrophorus squamosus
Bonnaterre, 1788
Centrophorus squamosus distmap.png
Range of leafscale gulper shark (in blue)

Centrophorus ferrugineus Meng, Hu & Li, 1982

The leafscale gulper shark, Centrophorus squamosus, is a dogfish of the family Centrophoridae. C. squamosus is reported to have a lifespan of approximately 70 years, based on otolith ring counts.[1] It was the first described species in the genus Centrophorus, which now contains 13 species.

Physical characteristics[edit]


The leafscale gulper shark has no anal fin, two dorsal fins with spines, the first dorsal being relatively low and long, large eyes, and rough leaf-like denticles. Its maximum length is 158 cm.


Eastern Atlantic around continental slopes from Iceland south to the Cape of Good Hope, Western Indian Ocean around Aldabra Islands, and western Pacific around Honshū, Japan, the Philippines, south-east Australia, and New Zealand.

Habits and habitat[edit]

The leafscale gulper shark lives near the bottom between 230 and 2,360 meters, but usually below 1,000 meters. Also occurs pelagically in much deeper water. It probably feeds on fish and cephalopods.

It is ovoviviparous with a maximum of 5 young per litter.

Its meat is utilized dried and salted for human consumption and as fishmeal.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Centrophorus squamosus". The Moirai - Aging Research. 2017-03-02. Retrieved 2017-03-02.  horizontal tab character in |title= at position 13 (help)