Member states of the League of Nations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from League of Nations members)
Jump to: navigation, search

Between 1920 and 1939, a total of 63 countries became member states of the League of Nations. The Covenant forming the League of Nations was included in the Treaty of Versailles and came into force on 10 January 1920. The League of Nations was dissolved on 18 April 1946, when its assets and responsibilities were transferred to the United Nations

The League’s greatest extent was from 28 September 1934 (when Ecuador joined) to 23 February 1935 (when Paraguay withdrew) with 58 members. At this time, only Costa Rica (22 January 1925), Brazil (14 June 1926), the Empire of Japan (27 March 1933) and Germany (19 September 1933) had withdrawn and only Egypt was left to join (on the 26 May 1937). The members (listed from earliest joining and alphabetically if they joined on the same day) at this time were Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, the British Empire, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, El Salvador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Irish Free State, Ethiopia, Italy, Liberia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Persia/Iran, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Union of South Africa, Uruguay, Yugoslavia, Venezuela, Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Luxembourg, Albania, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Ireland, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Turkey, Iraq, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Afghanistan, British Raj, Syria and Ecuador.

Of the 42 founding members, 23 (or 24, counting [Free France]) remained members until the League of Nations was dissolved in 1946. A further 21 countries joined between 1920 and 1937, but 7 left, withdrew or were expelled before 1946.

Countries are listed under the year in which they joined. The word "withdrew" indicates that a country left of its own choice. The word "left" indicates a country that ceased to exist because of annexation by Germany, Italy or the USSR. The USSR was the only country to be expelled by the League.

Despite formulating the concept and signing the Covenant, the United States never joined the League of Nations.

Map[edit]

A map of the world in the years 1920-1945, which shows the League of Nations members during its history.
  Members
  Colonies of members
  Mandates
  Non-members
  Colonies of non-members

10 January 1920: founding members[edit]

1920[edit]

  •  Austria (joined 15 December 1920; ceased to exist 13 March 1938)
  •  Bulgaria (joined 16 December 1920)
  •  Costa Rica (joined 16 December 1920; withdrew 22 January 1925)
  •  Finland (joined 16 December 1920)[7]
  •  Luxembourg (joined 16 December 1920)[8]
  •  Albania (joined 17 December 1920)[9]

1921[edit]

  •  Estonia (joined 22 September 1921, occupied and annexed by the USSR in 1940)
  •  Latvia (joined 22 September 1921, occupied and annexed by the USSR in 1940)
  •  Lithuania (joined 22 September 1921, occupied and annexed by the USSR in 1940)

1922[edit]

1923[edit]

1924[edit]

1926[edit]

  •  Germany (joined 8 September 1926; withdrew 19 October 1933)

1931[edit]

  •  Mexico (joined 9 September 1931, and is declared member 12 September 1931)[10]

1932[edit]

1934[edit]

1937[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ South America, Encyclopedia of World History
  2. ^ League of Nations chronology, United Nations
  3. ^ Members of the 1st Assembly, League of Nations, Geneva, November 15 to December 18, 1920.
  4. ^ Czechoslovakia never formally left the League and was present at the last meeting of the Assembly in 1946
  5. ^ Left upon German takeover in 1943
  6. ^ Occupied by Axis Powers 1941-1945
  7. ^ Withdrew from active participation in the League after its defeat by the Soviet Union in 1944.
  8. ^ Forced to withdraw by German occupation in May 1940 and incorporation into the German Reich.
  9. ^ Forced to withdraw by Italian invasion of 1939.
  10. ^ Toledo-García, Itzel; Univeristy of Essex, UK: ‘’“La cuestión de la dignidad nacional en el ingreso de México a la Sociedad de Naciones, 1919-1931”’’ [1] Retrieved September 4, 2016. (Translated from Spanish: "On September 7th, 1931, the British Empire, Germany, Northern Ireland, Spain, France, Italy and Japan began the initiative; next day the proposal was adopted unanimously by the assembly, and the invitation was sent to the government of Mexico. The 10th of September the acceptance was communicated in Geneva… Two days later, Mexico was declared member of the League of Nations."

External links[edit]