Death of Leah Betts
A November 1995 photograph of Leah Betts in a coma, which was widely circulated in the media
|Born||1 November 1977|
Essex, England, UK
|Died||16 November 1995 (aged 18)|
Great Burstead, England, UK
Leah Sarah Betts (1 November 1977 – 16 November 1995) was a schoolgirl from Latchingdon in Essex, England. She is notable for the extensive media coverage that followed her death shortly after her 18th birthday. On 11 November, she took an ecstasy (MDMA) tablet, and then drank approximately 7 litres (12 imp pt; 1.8 US gal) of water in a 90-minute period. Four hours later, she collapsed into a coma, from which she did not recover.
Initial press and public reaction
When Leah Betts was first admitted to hospital in a coma, her family used her image in the national media as an example of the dangers of illegal drugs in general, and ecstasy in particular, in an attempt to deter other young people from experimenting with drugs. This campaigning continued in the months and years which followed her death.
Leah's mother, Dorothy May Betts, had died of a heart attack in 1992 at age 45. From this stage, she lived with her father Paul Betts (a former police officer), her stepmother (a nurse), and her brother William, who was born seven years after her.
The fact that her life reflected so many other middle-class families in Britain was another likely major factor as the sense of shock around the country after her death, after many years of the media portrayed typical drug users as being from broken homes in inner city areas and the "sink" council estates, or the former mining towns mostly in the north of England where drug abuse had become commonplace since the decline of that industry and the rise in unemployment in the communities which had largely relied upon it. It was suggested that the pill she had taken was from a "contaminated batch". Not long afterward, a 1,500-site poster campaign used a photograph of a smiling Leah Betts (not a picture of her on her deathbed, as some sources erroneously claim) with the caption "Sorted: Just one ecstasy tablet took Leah Betts".
Death and inquest
Betts died on the morning of 16 November 1995, within five days of being admitted to hospital, after her life support machine was switched off. Her funeral took place on 1 December 1995 at Christ Church, Latchingdon. She was buried alongside her mother at St Mary Magdalen church in Great Burstead, Essex.
A subsequent inquest determined that her death was actually not directly due to the consumption of ecstasy, but rather the result of the large quantity of water she had consumed, apparently in observation of an advisory warning commonly given to ravers to drink water to avoid dehydration resulting from the exertion of dancing continuously for hours. Leah had been at home with friends and had not been dancing, yet consumed about 7 litres (12 imp pt; 1.8 US gal) of water in less than 90 minutes, resulting in water intoxication and hyponatremia, which in turn led to serious swelling of the brain, irreparably damaging it.
However, the ecstasy tablet may have reduced her ability to urinate, exacerbating her hyponatremia; a symptom known as SIADH. At the inquest it was stated by toxicologist John Henry, who had previously warned the public of the danger of MDMA causing death by dehydration, "If Leah had taken the drug alone she might well have survived. If she had drunk the amount of water alone she would have survived."
Essex Police assigned 35 officers and huge resources to track the suppliers of the tablet Betts had taken, but after an investigation that cost £300,000, the only people charged were four of her friends who had been present at the house, two of whom accepted police cautions with the other two prosecuted. Of these, one received a conditional discharge, while the other was acquitted after a retrial.
After her death, the media focused on the putative fact that it was the first time Betts had taken the drug. It arose later — though it was much less publicised — that she had taken the drug at least three times previously. Her father, Paul, subsequently became a vocal public campaigner against drug abuse. He and his wife were present at the press conference at which Barry Legg MP launched his Public Entertainments Licences (Drug Misuse) Bill, which allowed councils to close down licensed venues if the police "believed" controlled drugs were being used "at or near" the premises.
It was reported that the £1m Sorted posters campaign was the pro-bono work of three advertising companies: Booth Lockett and Makin (media buyers), Knight Leech and Delaney (advertising agency), and FFI (youth marketing consultants). Booth Lockett and Makin counted brewers Löwenbräu as one of its major clients, at a time when the alcohol industry saw increasing MDMA use as a threat to profits. The other two companies represented energy drink Red Bull, a professional relationship that had earned Knight Leech and Delaney £5 million and was described by one of FFI's executives who remarked that, "We do PR for Red Bull for example and we do a lot of clubs. It's very popular at the moment because it's a substitute for taking ecstasy."
The murder of three alleged drug dealers in Rettendon, an event dubbed the "Range Rover murders", in December 1995 has often been mentioned in the media as a potential act of revenge for the death of Leah Betts.
- Anna Wood, an Australian teenager who died in similar circumstances three weeks prior to Betts' death
- Moral panic
- Rachel Whitear
- Recreational drug use
- Responsible drug use
- War on drugs
- "Deaths England and Wales 1984-2006". Findmypast.com. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- Collin, Matthew and Godfrey, John (1998). Altered State: The Story of Ecstasy Culture and Acid House (2nd edition) Serpent's Tail, p. 300; ISBN 978-1-85242-604-0
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 January 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Carey, Jim. "Recreational Drug Wars: Alcohol Versus Ecstasy". www.ecstacy.org. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "November 13, 1995: Leah Betts, left in a coma after taking ecstasy, becomes a tragic symbol of the dangers of drugs". Home.bt.com. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- Drugs — facing facts. The report issued by the RSA Commission on Illegal Drugs, Communities and Public Policy. The Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures & Commerce. 2007. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-901469-60-1. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Carey, Jim (March 1997). Recreational Drug Wars: Alcohol Versus Ecstasy — referenced from the book Ecstasy Reconsidered, Nicholas Saunders, 1997.
- Blackman, Shane J. (2004). Chilling Out: The Cultural Politics of Substance Consumption, Youth and Drug Policy. McGraw-Hill International. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-335-20072-6. Retrieved 11 April 2009.
- "Leah's father tells of his 'little ship' lost to ecstasy". The Independent. 2 December 1995.
- "1995: Ecstasy pill puts party girl in coma". BBC News. 13 November 1995.
- "The Times & The Sunday Times". Timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- "The legacy of tragic Leah". BBC. 16 November 2005. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY - 13 - 1995: Ecstasy pill puts party girl in coma". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- Collin and Godfrey, pp. 302-03
- Collin and Godfrey, page 302
- Collin and Godfrey, p. 309
- Bennett, Will (8 December 1995). "Leah Betts link to triple killing-Drugs squad probe gangland murder". The Independent. Retrieved 18 September 2012.