Lean on Me (film)
|Lean on Me|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John G. Avildsen|
|Produced by||Norman Twain|
|Written by||Michael Schiffer|
|Music by||Bill Conti|
John G. Avildsen|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|March 3, 1989|
|Box office||$31 million|
Lean on Me is a 1989 American biographical drama film written by Michael Schiffer, directed by John G. Avildsen and starring Morgan Freeman. Lean on Me is loosely based on the story of Joe Louis Clark, a real life inner city high school principal in Paterson, New Jersey, whose school is at risk of being taken over by the New Jersey state government unless students improve their test scores on the New Jersey Minimum Basic Skills Test. This film's title refers to the 1972 Bill Withers song of the same name. Parts of the film, including the elementary school scenes, were filmed in Franklin Lakes, New Jersey.
By 1987, the once successful Eastside High School in Paterson, New Jersey, has deteriorated due to drugs and crime. The majority of students cannot pass basic skills testing, and even the teachers are not safe from gang violence. Mayor Bottman (Alan North) learns that the school will be turned over to state administration unless 75% of the students can pass the minimum basic skills test. He consults with school superintendent Dr. Frank Napier (Robert Guillaume), who suggests the school hire elementary school principal Joe Clark, aka "Crazy Joe" (Morgan Freeman), a former teacher at Eastside High, as the new principal. Reluctantly, the mayor hires Clark.
Clark's immediate radical changes include expelling 300 students identified as drug dealers or abusers and troublemakers, instituting programs to improve school spirit including painting over graffiti-covered walls, and requiring students to learn the school song, and be punished if they cannot sing it on demand. When one of the expelled students is found beating up another student, Clark orders the doors of the school chained shut during school hours since alarmed security doors cannot be purchased.
Some parents react strongly to these measures, including Leonna Barrett (Lynne Thigpen), mother of one of the expelled students, who presses the mayor to oust Clark. Clark's radicalism causes him to come into conflict with members of the faculty, particularly English teacher Mr. Darnell, whom Clark suspends for picking up a piece of trash during a recital of the school song, and choir teacher Mrs. Elliot, whom Clark fires for being insubordinate after he cancels a pre-planned choral event, the school's upcoming annual Lincoln Center concert. Napier sets Clark straight over these incidents and lectures him to start being a team player. Clark reinstates Mr. Darnell, though he is too late to re-hire Mrs. Elliot.
His actions begin to have a positive effect on his students. Thomas Sams, a student expelled for crack use, pleads to be allowed to return to school and gradually reforms. Clark also reunites one of his old elementary students, Kaneesha Carter, with her estranged mother. Unfortunately, a practice basic skills test fails to garner enough passing students. Clark confronts his staff for their failure to educate their students and to prepare them for the world. He institutes a tutorial program to strengthen academic skills and encourages remedial reading courses on Saturdays which parents may attend alongside their children.
When the minimum basic skills test is finally assessed, the students are much better prepared and filled with a sense of self-worth. Before the results can arrive, the fire chief raids the school and discovers the chained doors. Clark is arrested for violating fire safety codes. That evening, the students gather at the meeting of the Paterson Board of Education, where school board member Leona Barrett, is leading for Clark's removal. The students demand that Clark be released from jail and retained as principal. The mayor has Clark released from jail and talk to the students to go home. Clark calls for his students to return to their homes. He is interrupted by assistant principal Ms. Levias who reports that more than 75% of the students have passed the basic skills test. He announces the results over his megaphone. As a result, the school's current administration remains intact, and Clark is allowed to keep his job as principal of Eastside High. The students break into their school song in celebration. The film ends with the senior students graduating high school and Clark handing them their diplomas.
- Morgan Freeman – as Joe Louis Clark
- Beverly Todd – Mrs. Joan Levias
- Alan North – as Mayor Don Bottman (based on Frank X. Graves Jr.)
- Robert Guillaume – as Dr. Frank Napier
- Ethan Phillips – as Mr. Rosenberg
- Lynne Thigpen – Leonna Barrett
- Robin Bartlett - Mrs. Elliott
- Michael Beach – Mr. Larry Darnell
- Sandra Reaves-Phillips – Mrs. Powers
- Tony Todd – William Wright, Dean of Security
- Sloane Shelton – Mrs. Hamilton
- Jermaine 'Huggy' Hopkins – Thomas Sams
- Karen Malina White – Kaneesha Carter
- Karina Arroyave – Maria
- Alex Romaguera - Kid Ray
- Jose R. Severino - John Jones
- Michael P. Moran - Mr. Ed O'Malley
- Ivonne Coll – Mrs. Santos
- Regina Taylor – Mrs. Carter
- Jim Moody – Mr. Lott
- Linda M. Salgado – Linda
- Mike Starr – Mr. Zirella
- Reverend Herschell Slappy – Himself
- Cole Dragone - Boss
- Michael Imperioli - George
- David Nelson - Real Student
- Anthony Avildsen (the director's real-life son) as Clark's student in prologue
- Michael Best - Songbird
- Kenneth Kelly - Songbird
- Dwayne Jones - Songbird
- Anthony Fuller - Songbird
- Steven Capers Jr. - Songbird
Songs included in the film include:
- Eastside High School Alma Mater, written by Catherine Peragallo Miller
- Welcome to the Jungle by Guns N' Roses
- I Ain't Makin' It by Daddy-O and DBC
- Lean on Me by Thelma Houston
- Lean on Me by Club Nouveau
On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 69%, based on 16 reviews, with an average rating of 5.8/10. On CinemaScore, audiences gave the film a rare grade of "A+" on an A+ to F scale.
Awards and honors
- Young Artist Award Best Motion Picture – Drama (nominated)
- Best Young Actor Supporting Role in a Motion Picture – Jermaine 'Huggy' Hopkins (nominated)
- Best Young Actress Supporting Role in a Motion Picture – Karen Malina White (nominated)
- Jackie Coogan Award – Norman Twain, producer (nominated)
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2003: AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains:
- 2004: AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs:
- 2006: AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers – Nominated
- Lentz, Philip (26 March 1989). "Joe Clark`s Fame Marred By Squabbling, Less-supportive Figures". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
...Mayor Frank X. Graves, who, unlike the mayor portrayed in the movie...
- "Lean on Me". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved August 9, 2015.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-14.
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