Leap year starting on Friday

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A leap year starting on Friday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is CB, such as the years 1932, 1960, 1988, 2016, 2044, 2072, and 2112 in the Gregorian calendar[1] or, likewise, 2000 and 2028 in the obsolete Julian calendar.

Calendars[edit]

Calendar for any leap year starting on Friday,
presented as common in many English-speaking areas

01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29  
 
01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31  
 
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
 
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30  
 
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30
 
01
02 03 04 05 06 07 08
09 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31  
01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30  
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
 


ISO 8601-conformant calendar with week numbers for
any leap year starting on Friday (dominical letter CB)

01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30
 
01 02 03
04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
 
01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31  
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29  
 
01
02 03 04 05 06 07 08
09 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31  
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30  
 
01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31  
 
01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30  
 
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
 

Applicable years[edit]

Gregorian Calendar[edit]

Leap years starting on a Friday, along with leap years that start on Sunday, occur most frequently of all the leap years (15 times out of the 97 total leap years) in a 400-year cycle (20871 weeks) in the Gregorian calendar. Thus, the overall frequency is 3.75% (15 out of 400) or approximately 15.5% (15 out of 97) if just leap years are taken into consideration.

Gregorian leap years starting on Friday[1]
Decade 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
17th century 1616 1644 1672
18th century 1712 1740 1768 1796
19th century 1808 1836 1864 1892
20th century 1904 1932 1960 1988
21st century 2016 2044 2072
22nd century 2112 2140 2168 2196

Julian Calendar[edit]

Like all leap year types, the one starting with 1 January on a Friday occurs exactly once in a 28-year cycle in the Julian calendar, i.e. in 3.57% of years.

Sequence of year types in the Julian calendar
Year 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
DL G F E DC B* A G FE D C B AG F E D CB A G F ED C B A GF E D C BA
1 Jan Mo Tu We Th Sa Su Mo Tu Th Fr Sa Su Tu We Th Fr Su Mo Tu We Fr Sa Su Mo We Th Fr Sa
31 Dec Fr We Mo Sa Th Tu Su

The final two digits of Julian years repeat after 700 years, i.e. 25 cycles.

Julian leap years starting on Friday
Decade 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
15th century 1412 1440 1468 1496
16th century 1524 1552 1580
17th century 1608 1636 1664 1692
18th century 1720 1748 1776
19th century 1804 1832 1860 1888
20th century 1916 1944 1972 2000
21st century 2028 2056 2084
22nd century 2112 2140 2168 2196

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Robert van Gent (2005). "The Mathematics of the ISO 8601 Calendar". Utrecht University, Department of Mathematics. 
  2. ^ Robert H. van Gent (2005). "Mathematics of the ISO calendar". Department of Mathematics at Utrecht University.