|NASA Learjet 24|
|First flight||January 24, 1966|
|Introduction||November 9, 1966|
The Learjet 24 was designed as an improved version of the Learjet 23, which was limited to 12,500 pounds (5,700 kg) gross weight. Engineers designed the model 24 to accept up to the full 13,500 pounds (6,100 kg) gross weight permitted by FAR-25 standards.
Other improvements introduced in the Learjet 24 included:
- increased cabin pressurization, to allow a higher operating altitude
- the addition of one extra window on the right side of the cabin
- more powerful engines
- a new windshield
- auxiliary fuel in wing tip tanks
- a fire-extinguishing system for the engines
With these changes, the LJ24 became the first business jet to be certified under FAR-25.
The first flight of a Learjet 24 took place on January 24, 1966. From May 23 to 26, 1966, a Learjet 24 flew around the world in 50 hours and 20 minutes flying time as a demonstration of its capabilities. Different variants were the 24A, B, C, D, E and F, with changes of takeoff weight, in-fuselage fuel tank, range, cabin and engines.
Altogether 259 Model 24s were built, and in 2001, there were still 210 Learjet 24s in use. Thirty-nine LJ24s have been lost through accidents.
In 2013, the FAA modified 14 CFR part 91 rules to prohibit the operation of jets weighing 75,000 pounds or less that are not stage 3 noise compliant after December 31, 2015. The Learjet 24 is listed explicitly in Federal Register 78 FR 39576. Any Learjet 24s that have not been modified by installing Stage 3 noise compliant engines or have not had "hushkits" installed for non-compliant engines will not be permitted to fly in the contiguous 48 states after December 31, 2015. 14 CFR §91.883 Special flight authorizations for jet airplanes weighing 75,000 pounds or less – lists special flight authorizations that may be granted for operation after December 31, 2015.
Standard version. Converted from existing Learjet 23. Takeoff weight 13,499 pounds (6,123 kg). FAA certified on November 9, 1966. 81 aircraft built.
Improved variant, powered by two 2,950 lbf (13.1 kN) thrust General Electric CJ610-6 turbojet engines, and 13,499 pounds (6,123 kg) maximum take-off weight. FAA certified December 17, 1968. 49 aircraft built.
A light-weight version of the 24B, fuselage tank not fitted which would have caused a reduction in range. The Learjet 24C project was abandoned in December 1970. Take-off weight 5,675 kilograms (12,511 lb). None built.
Similar to Learjet 24C, however by changing surface tanks range and takeoff weight were increased to 6,129 kilograms (13,512 lb). Round cabin windows replaced by angular. FAA certified July 17, 1970. Replaced the 24B in production. A reduced gross weight (restricted to 12,500 pounds (5,700 kg) version was also available (the 24D/A). 99 built.
Light-weight version with a restricted take-off weight of 5,669 kg (12,500 lb).
Learjet 24E and 24F
Two new versions were announced in 1976 the 24E and 24F, they introduced a new cambered wing and aerodynamic improvements to reduce stall and approach speed (Century III wing). The 24E did not have a fuselage fuel tank for higher payload but shorter range. Some 24E models had the fuselage tank installed later to restore range. Powered by two 2,950 lbf (13.1 kN) thrust General Electric CJ610-8A turbojet engines. On April 15, 1977, the FAA approved extended ceiling to 51,000 feet (16,000 m), the highest level then achieved in civilian aviation. 29 aircraft built.
Accidents and incidents
On January 6, 1977, Dolly Sinatra the mother of Frank Sinatra was one of four killed when Learjet 24 N12MK crashed into a mountain following a departure from Palm Springs Airport, United States.
Aircraft on display
- 055 – Learjet 24 on static display at the Tillamook Air Museum in Tillamook, Oregon.
- 24-131 – Learjet 24 on static display at Wings Over the Rockies Air and Space Museum in Denver, Colorado.
- 193 – Learjet 24B on display at the Dakota Territory Air Museum in Minot, North Dakota.
- 203 – Learjet 24B on static display at the Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum in McMinnville, Oregon.
- 281 – Learjet 24D on display at the Frontiers of Flight Museum in Dallas, Texas.
- Learjet 24D on display at ITE College Central
- 163 - Learjet 24F on display at Lewis University in Romeoville, Illinois. Formerly owned by Arnold Palmer from 1968-1976. Donated to Lewis By Waste Management in 1986 for use by maintenance students in their Aviation Department.
Specifications (Learjet 24F)
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1976–77
- Crew: Two (pilot & co-pilot)
- Capacity: 6 passengers
- Length: 43 ft 3 in (13.18 m)
- Wingspan: 35 ft 7 in (10.85 m)
- Height: 12 ft 3 in (3.73 m)
- Wing area: 231.77 sq ft (21.532 m2)
- Aspect ratio: 5.01:1
- Airfoil: NACA 64A109
- Empty weight: 7,130 lb (3,234 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 13,500 lb (6,123 kg)
- Fuel capacity: 840 US gal (700 imp gal; 3,200 L)
- Powerplant: 2 × General Electric CJ610-6 turbojets, 2,950 lbf (13.1 kN) thrust each
- Maximum speed: 545 mph (877 km/h, 474 kn) at 31,000 ft (9,400 m)
- Never exceed speed: Mach 0.86
- Cruise speed: 481 mph (774 km/h, 418 kn) at 45,000 ft (14,000 m) (econ cruise)
- Stall speed: 100 mph (160 km/h, 87 kn) (gear and flaps down) - IAS
- Range: 1,695 mi (2,728 km, 1,473 nmi) 4 passengers, max fuel, 45 min reserves
- Service ceiling: 45,000 ft (14,000 m)
- Rate of climb: 6,800 ft/min (35 m/s)
- Takeoff length to 35 ft (11 m): 2,800 ft (850 m)
- Landing distance from 50 ft (15 m): 2,450 ft (750 m)
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- "Learjet company timeline". Archived from the original on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-01-08.
- "Aircraft". Tillamook Air Museum. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Tillamook Air Museum keeps changing to display history". Tillamook Headlight Herald. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Olsen, Eric (29 December 2015). "Aircraft N711CW Photo". Airport-Data.com. Airport-Data.com. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Lips, Jesse (1 April 2006). "Growing Wings Family Fuels Progress And Promise". Airport Journals. AIRPORT JOURNALS. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Airframe Dossier – Swiss American Aviation CorporationLearjet, c/n 24-131, c/r N241JA". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Skurzewski, Joe (28 June 2018). "Don Bessette donates 1969 jet to Minot's air museum". West Dakota FOX. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
- "FAA REGISTRY [N193DB]". Federal Aviation Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
- "General Aviation". Evergreen Museum Campus. Evergreen Museum. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Brandt, Hanna (23 January 2014). "ARTIFACT PICK OF THE WEEK: LEARJET 24". Evergreen Museum Campus. Evergreen Museum. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Airframe Dossier – Swiss American Aviation CorporationLearjet, c/n 203, c/r N203JL". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- "Learjet Model 24D". Frontiers of Flight Museum. Frontiers of Flight Museum. Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Taylor 1976, pp. 283–284.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1976–77. London:Jane's Yearbooks, 1976. ISBN 0-354-00538-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Learjet 24.|
- A history of the LJ23-LJ29 series on Airliners.net – not to be reached 5 October 2016
- Listing of LJ24 accidents in ASN Aviation Safety Database