Leavenworth County, Kansas

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Leavenworth County, Kansas
County
Leavenworth county kansas courthouse 2009.jpg
Leavenworth County Courthouse in Leavenworth
Map of Kansas highlighting Leavenworth County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Henry Leavenworth
Seat Leavenworth
Largest city Leavenworth
Area
 • Total 469 sq mi (1,215 km2)
 • Land 463 sq mi (1,199 km2)
 • Water 6.1 sq mi (16 km2), 1.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 80,204
 • Density 165/sq mi (64/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website LeavenworthCounty.org

Leavenworth County (county code LV) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 76,227.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Leavenworth.[2]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Leavenworth County was established, and is among the first 33 counties, which were formed by the first territorial government. It was named, as was its county seat, after Henry Leavenworth, an officer in the War of 1812.[3]

Leavenworth County had the first Kansas State University extension agent in the State.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 469 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 463 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4] It is the fifth-smallest county in Kansas by total area.

This county's watershed connects with both the Kansas River basin on the south via Stranger Creek and has a Missouri River port city to the east.[5][6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 12,606
1870 32,444 157.4%
1880 32,355 −0.3%
1890 38,485 18.9%
1900 40,940 6.4%
1910 41,207 0.7%
1920 38,402 −6.8%
1930 42,673 11.1%
1940 41,112 −3.7%
1950 42,361 3.0%
1960 48,524 14.5%
1970 53,340 9.9%
1980 54,809 2.8%
1990 64,371 17.4%
2000 68,691 6.7%
2010 76,227 11.0%
Est. 2016 80,204 [7] 5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]

The county is a part of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[12] there were 68,691 people, 23,071 households, and 17,210 families residing in the county. The population density was 148 people per square mile (57/km²). There were 24,401 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.2% White, 10.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 23,071 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 113.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,114, and the median income for a family was $55,805. Males had a median income of $40,047 versus $26,029 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,292. About 4.8% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 57.6% 17,638 33.3% 10,209 9.1% 2,792
2012 58.7% 17,059 39.1% 11,357 2.3% 669
2008 54.9% 16,791 43.3% 13,255 1.8% 545
2004 58.4% 15,949 40.4% 11,039 1.3% 343
2000 54.1% 12,583 41.8% 9,733 4.1% 955
1996 47.9% 10,778 40.4% 9,098 11.7% 2,624
1992 33.4% 7,738 34.9% 8,077 31.8% 7,357
1988 52.5% 9,913 46.6% 8,797 0.9% 160
1984 62.3% 11,194 36.8% 6,604 1.0% 172
1980 55.0% 9,157 38.2% 6,354 6.9% 1,145
1976 50.1% 8,407 47.8% 8,022 2.1% 349
1972 67.7% 10,762 29.7% 4,727 2.6% 408
1968 48.4% 7,081 37.9% 5,546 13.8% 2,018
1964 42.4% 5,544 57.1% 7,479 0.5% 66
1960 53.1% 7,870 46.7% 6,926 0.2% 36
1956 61.6% 8,826 38.2% 5,480 0.2% 33
1952 61.2% 9,046 38.5% 5,698 0.3% 39
1948 48.6% 6,474 50.6% 6,740 0.8% 103
1944 58.6% 7,282 41.0% 5,097 0.5% 59
1940 58.3% 8,503 41.5% 6,053 0.3% 42
1936 51.4% 8,532 48.2% 7,996 0.4% 73
1932 40.2% 6,484 59.0% 9,507 0.8% 123
1928 56.3% 8,472 43.4% 6,539 0.3% 45
1924 68.1% 9,429 21.5% 2,982 10.4% 1,445
1920 65.1% 6,846 32.4% 3,409 2.6% 269
1916 45.5% 5,536 49.3% 6,002 5.3% 640
1912 33.1% 2,562 40.0% 3,099 27.0% 2,092
1908 53.9% 4,846 42.4% 3,818 3.7% 332
1904 64.2% 5,771 30.9% 2,775 5.0% 450
1900 49.8% 4,162 49.2% 4,109 1.0% 80
1896 45.8% 4,004 53.4% 4,665 0.8% 68
1892 47.0% 3,471 53.0% 3,921
1888 45.5% 3,272 48.9% 3,516 5.7% 406

Leavenworth County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[14]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Leavenworth County is divided into ten townships. The cities of Lansing and Leavenworth are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Alexandria 01100 859 7 (18) 123 (48) 1 (0) 0.62% 39°16′8″N 95°7′33″W / 39.26889°N 95.12583°W / 39.26889; -95.12583
Delaware 17450 1,361 22 (57) 62 (24) 3 (1) 4.19% 39°14′50″N 94°52′40″W / 39.24722°N 94.87778°W / 39.24722; -94.87778
Easton 19625 1,245 11 (30) 109 (42) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°21′57″N 95°7′27″W / 39.36583°N 95.12417°W / 39.36583; -95.12417
Fairmount 22325 Basehor 6,266 61 (159) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0.39% 39°8′4″N 94°56′26″W / 39.13444°N 94.94056°W / 39.13444; -94.94056
High Prairie 32125 1,768 14 (37) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.27% 39°15′30″N 95°0′34″W / 39.25833°N 95.00944°W / 39.25833; -95.00944
Kickapoo 36700 1,760 15 (40) 114 (44) 3 (1) 2.39% 39°20′45″N 94°59′29″W / 39.34583°N 94.99139°W / 39.34583; -94.99139
Reno 58950 1,143 10 (27) 111 (43) 2 (1) 1.56% 39°1′8″N 95°8′8″W / 39.01889°N 95.13556°W / 39.01889; -95.13556
Sherman 65000 2,367 22 (57) 108 (42) 3 (1) 2.44% 39°0′59″N 95°0′27″W / 39.01639°N 95.00750°W / 39.01639; -95.00750
Stranger 68500 2,451 19 (50) 127 (49) 0 (0) 0.17% 39°8′16″N 95°2′2″W / 39.13778°N 95.03389°W / 39.13778; -95.03389
Tonganoxie 70825 Tonganoxie (part) 4,852 35 (91) 137 (53) 1 (0) 0.66% 39°7′0″N 95°6′35″W / 39.11667°N 95.10972°W / 39.11667; -95.10972
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. 

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 183. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Big Stranger Creek Rogers, H.D., and Johnson, A. Keith. Kansas and Indian territory in The Atlas of the U.S. of North America, Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Mexico, Central America, Cuba and Jamaica . London: E. Stanford, 1857 (no scale). A historical reference showing the Kansas Territory including parts of Colorado. Shows the westward trails.
  6. ^ Lower Kansas (Surf Your Watershed)
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

Further reading[edit]

County
  • History of Leavenworth County Kansas; Jesse Hall and LeRoy Hand; Historical Publishing; 684 pages; 1921. (27MB PDF)
Kansas

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 39°14′N 95°02′W / 39.233°N 95.033°W / 39.233; -95.033