|Administrative region||Central Greece|
|• Municipality||694.016 km2 (267.961 sq mi)|
|• Municipal unit||166.691 km2 (64.360 sq mi)|
|Elevation||200 m (700 ft)|
|• Municipality density||45/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|• Municipal unit||22,779|
|• Municipal unit density||140/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|• Area (km2)||139.614|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Postal code||321 00|
Livadeia (Λιβαδειά Livadiá, Greek pronunciation: [livaˈðʝa]; Ancient Greek: Λεβαδεια, Lebadeia) is a town in central Greece. It is the capital of the Boeotia regional district. Livadeia lies 90 km north-west of Athens, 64 km west of Chalkida, 63 km south-east of Lamia, 44 km east-south-east of Amfissa, and 91 km east-north-east of Nafpaktos. The town lies some five kilometres west of Greek National Road 3, to which it is linked by National Road 48.
The area around Livadeia is mountainous, with farming activities mainly confined to the valleys. The area has traditionally been associated with the production and processing of cotton and tobacco, as well as the cultivation of cereal crops and the raising of livestock.
The municipality of Livadeia covers an area of 694.016 km2, the municipal unit of Livadeia 166.691 km2 and the community 139.614 km2.
The municipality Livadeia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units (constituent communities in brackets):
- Chaironeia (Agios Vlasios, Akontio, Anthochori, Chaironeia, Profitis Ilias, Prosili, Thouri, Vasilika)
- Davleia (Davleia, Mavroneri, Parori)
- Koroneia (Agia Anna, Agia Triada, Agios Georgios, Alalkomenes, Koroneia)
- Livadeia (Lafystio, Livadeia, Romaiiko)
The community Livadeia consists of the following outlying settlements (besides the town itself): Agios Nikolaos Livadeias (pop: 25), Analypsis Livadeias (pop: 184), Elikon (pop: 43), Perachora (pop: 279), Stathmos (pop: 3), Tzimeika (pop: 25) and Tsoukalades (pop: 149).
Pausanias, writing in the 2nd century AD, reported that the original name of the city was Mideia, and that it took its name Lebadeia from Lebados of Athens, who moved the city from high to low ground, to its current location on the banks of the Herkyna river. The sacred protector of the city was the hero/god Trophonios, whose oracle, involving a harrowing descent into an underground chamber, was famous beyond the borders of Greece. At the springs of the Herkyna river are shallow grottos with niches and marble remnants said to be the site of the oracle. On the hill above is a small medieval castle, mostly the work of the Catalan Company during the 14th century, accessible by foot. Further west, commanding a dramatic view from the hill of Profitis Ilias, are the remains of a large temple of Zeus Basileus, perhaps begun in the 3rd century BC but never completed. The cathedral church of St. George houses an important relic, a head of St. George, translated to Venice in the 15th century but restored to Livadeia as a gesture of interfaith cooperation in 1999. In medieval times the river was lined by a series of water mills, one of which is preserved.
During the Byzantine times Livadeia, enters a period of decline, only in the 9th century some economic growth was depicted. During the Frankish Livadeia came back on track, then it passes in Catalan sovereignty. The Turkish domination begins in 1458,when economic and administrative privileges granted to residents, contribute to industry and trade.Today the city is the financial, industrial, commercial center of the law.Finally,Livadeia is also developed in craft, folk art and industry. An important source for the economy is also the tourism.
Livadeia hosts two sports club with presence in the higher national divisions, Levadiakos F.C. a football club and Livadeia B.C. (A.E. Livadeias) a basketball club.
|Sport clubs based in Livadeia|
|Levadiakos F.C.||1961||Football||Presence in A Ethniki|
|Livadeia B.C.||1994||Basketball||Presence in A2 Ethniki|
- "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- Πίνακας 3. Πραγματικός πληθυσμός, επιφάνεια και πυκνότητα του πληθυσμού, με διάκριση σε αστικές και αγροτικές περιοχές καθώς και σε πεδινές, ημιορεινές και ορεινές περιοχές. Μέσος σταθμικός των υψομέτρων. (PDF) (in Greek). Ελληνική Στατιστική Αρχή (Hellenic Statistical Authority). Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
- Pausanias. "Book IX.39.1-2". Description of Greece. "Book IX.39.1-2". (in Greek) http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0159%3Abook%3D9%3Achapter%3D39%3Asection%3D1. Missing or empty
|title=(help) At the Perseus Project.
- Hansen, Mogens et al., Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford 2004
- "Ναός Αγίου Γεωργίου (Λιβαδειά) - Βοιωτικός Κόσμος". Viotikoskosmos.wikidot.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Livadeia.|
- Municipality of Livadeia official website (Greek)
- The Castle of Levadia Greek Ministry of Culture
- Public Central Library of Livadeia