Lebanese Ground Forces Equipment

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Lebanese Armed forces Equipment still contains significant amounts of old weaponry, but it has embarked on some major improvements recently. The M113, which is commonly found with every regiment and brigade, is considered to be the major element of the ground forces. A collection of Western and Soviet made arms and equipment exists ranging from rifles to tanks. However, the Lebanese army is still trying to rearm and modernize itself through new aids and purchases from different countries such as the USA, Belgium, Russia, and The Netherlands.

Rearming & Modernization[edit]

The LAF has been attempting to modernize and equip itself since 2005. Due to the budget limits, and instead of spawning an indigenous arms industry the LAF is relying on donation and friendly priced equipment.

The United States has been supplying the Lebanese Armed Forces with light to medium arms since 2005, in the form of a package of more than 400 million USD-worth of equipment that is still being executed. Among these supplies are HMMWV, M-35/A3, Mk 19 grenade launcher, M141 Bunker Defeat Munition, AT4, and Barrett M107 .50 Cal. sniper. The US has promised to supply Lebanon with M-60 tanks, 10 of which arrived in May 2009 with the rest arriving consecutively. In addition, the US supplied Lebanon with 12 RQ-11 Raven small hand-launched UAVs and M198 Howitzers,[1] and promised to deliver all water patrol boats and more utility helicopters.

On April 20, 2015, the Lebanese army took delivery of 48 MBDA Milan short-range anti-tank missiles as part of the $3 billion package donated by Saudi Arabia.

On February 19, 2016, The army chief expressed in an interview to Al-Akhbar newspaper the status of the Military aid to Lebanon and said: There are contributions from many countries, but they remain symbolic. The US still the largest armament supplier. Later on the same day the Saudi Arabia press agency quoted on a Saudi official, that Saudi Arabia halted the $3 billion program for military supplies to Lebanon.

Equipment[edit]

Pistols[edit]

Brand Origin Versions Photos
Browning Hi-Power[2]  Belgium Hi-Power Practical.JPG
P-64 CZAK  Poland Pistol P64 CZAK.jpg

Assault Rifles[edit]

Brand Origin Versions Photos
M4 carbine[3][4]  United States SOPMOD PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg
M16 rifle[5][6]  United States A1, A2, A4 M16a4lh6.jpg
AK-47  Soviet Union АК-47.jpg
FAMAS[2]  France FAMAS F1 with bayonet.jpg
Heckler & Koch G36[7]  Germany C3 Domok g36.JPG
Heckler & Koch G3  Germany HK SR9T Rifle.jpg
SIG SG 540[2]   Switzerland SG 540 Manurhin.jpg
FN FAL  Belgium FN-FAL belgian.jpeg

Sniper Rifles[edit]

Brand Origin Versions Photos
Barrett M82  United States M82A1 barrett.jpeg
M24  United States PEO M24 SWS.jpg
Steyr SSG 69  Austria Steyr SSG 69.jpg
QBU-88  China LR2 Rifle Type88.jpg

Machine Guns[edit]

Brand Origin Versions Photos
M249  United States PEO M249 Para ACOG.jpg
M60 Machine Gun  United States M60GPMG.jpeg
M2 Browning  United States M2 Browning, Musée de l'Armée.jpg
FN MAG  Belgium MAG-latrun-exhibition-1.jpg
FN MINIMI  Belgium Minimi.jpg

Rocket/Grenade Launchers[edit]

Brand Origin Versions Photos
M203  United States M203 1.jpg
M72 LAW  United States
66 kertasinko 75.JPG
M141 Bunker Defeat Munition  United States Shoulder-launched Multipurpose Assault Weapon.jpg
RPG 7  Russia RPG-7 detached.jpg
AT4  Sweden AT-4Launcher.jpeg

Other Guns[edit]

Brand Origin Type Photos
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Submachine Gun MP5.jpg
FN P90[8]  Belgium Personal Defense Weapon FN-P90 2.jpg
Franchi SPAS-12  Italy Combat Shotgun SPAS-12 stock folded.jpg

Vehicle Mounted Artillery[edit]

Artillery Type Origin Photo
M40 Recoilless Rifle  United States Rcl106lat2.jpg
MK 19 Grenade Launcher  United States MK19-02.jpg
BGM-71 TOW, Anti-Tank Guide, 400 TOW 2.  United States Hires 090509-A-4842R-001a.jpg
MILAN Anti-Tank Guide  France MILAN-VBLB.jpg
Strela-2 SAM  Russia SA-7.jpg
ZU-23-2 Anti-Aircraft Gun  Soviet Union Zu-23 30 M1-3 - InnovationDay2013part1-40.jpg
Kornet Anti-Tank Guide  Russia 9M133 Kornet.JPG

Tanks[edit]

Model Versions Origin In Service Pictures
M60 A3  United States 10 M60A3 Panzer.jpg
M48 A5  United States ~ 104 M48 Patton Thun.jpg
T-54/55  Soviet Union ~ 180 T-55 4.jpg
T-72  Russia TBD T-72B3 - TankBiathlon2013-10.jpg

Armored Fighting Vehicles[edit]

Model Versions Origin In Service Notes Photos
Humvee  United States 1325+ US Navy 060322-N-5438H-018 U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the Bravo Battery 3rd Battalion 320th Field Artillery Regiment along with Iraq Army soldiers from the 1st Battalion 1st Brigade 4th Division perform a routine patrol.jpg
M113 A2, A3  United States 2000+ Many armed with BGM-71 TOW and ZU-23-2. US M113 in Samarra Iraq.jpg
AIFV-B-C25  United States 16 16 ex-Belgian AIFV-B-C25 vehicles. Pantserrupsvoertuig YPR-765.jpg
BM-21 Grad 122 mm  Russia 30 Multiple Rocket Launcher Russian BM-21 Grad in Saint Petersburg.JPG
VAB regular  France 80 VAB Mephisto.JPEG
Panhard AML-90  France 74 Panhard AML-90 img 2308.jpg
Renault Sherpa 2  France 15+ Festival automobile international 2012 - Renault Sherpa light Scout - 006.jpg

Howitzers[edit]

Artillery Versions Origin In Service Photos
M109-A3 155 mm  United States 12/24 A5 TBD M109A4 155 mm SP Gun, CCFB Valcartier, Quebec, 5 Sep 2011 (26).JPG
M198 155 mm  United States 179 U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf War (1991) 001.jpg
M114-A1 155 mm  United States 20 USArmy M114 howitzer.jpg
M101-A1 105 mm  United States 15 M101-105mm-howitzer-camp-pendleton-20050326.jpg
M102 105 mm  United States 10 M102 howitzer.jpg
D-30 122 mm  Soviet Union 42 Хаубица Д-30 122мм.jpg
M-1938 122 mm  Soviet Union 33 M30 howitzer nn 1.jpg
M-46 gun 130 mm  Soviet Union 25 M-46-beyt-hatotchan-1.jpg
2A36 Giatsint-B 152 mm  Soviet Union over 10 Verkhnyaya Pyshma Tank Museum 2012 0127.jpg

Vehicles[edit]

Logistics and Engineering Equipment[edit]

Military Simulation[edit]

  • Janus,[12][13][14] Engagement Skills Trainer 2000,[15]
  • TOW anti-tank simulators,
  • Milan anti-tank simulators
  • Huey Helicopter flight simulator

Recent Supplies[edit]

  • Lebanon received 12 M109 155mm self-propelled howitzer from Jordan in March 2015 and 400 Tow 2 by June 2015.
  • Lebanon received 72 M-198 Howitzers from the United States in February 8, 2015, along with M1044 (Up-Armored HMMWV) vehicles donated by the US, as part of the aid for fighting terrorism.[16]
  • Lebanon received 120 Land Rover Defender 90 from the United Kingdom on December 10, 2013.[17]
  • Lebanon received 71 HMMWVs, M1038 Cargo/Troop Carrier, M1026 Armament Carrier w/ Basic Armor, M1044 Armament Carrier w/ Supplemental Armor, vehicles donated by the US on August 17, 2013 [18]
  • During August 2013 France has enhanced the operational capacities of the Lebanese army by providing military equipments. The gift, includes bulletproof vests, optical equipment and HOT missiles for Gazelle Helicopter[19]
  • Lebanon received 31 M1151 (Up-Armored HMMWV) vehicles donated by the US on August 17, 2012
  • Lebanon received 24 M1151 (Up-Armored HMMWV) vehicles donated by the US on July 22, 2011
  • Lebanon received 106 vehicles donated by the UN in Lebanon on the Thirteenth of May 2011
  • Lebanon received 30 M-198 Howitzers in January, 2010.[20] This follows an earlier supply of 41 Howitzers in 2008, and 36 Howitzers operated by the LAF since the 80's.
  • Lebanon received 16 AIFVs and 12 M-113 Ambulances early December 2009, these were purchased from Belgium.[21]
  • On May 22, Lebanon officially announced the delivery of the first 10 M60/A3, one M88, and several other items during a ceremony at Beirut International Airport.
  • On March 23, 2009 the LAF took delivery of 40 HMMWVs, and 9 sport utility vehicles from the USA.[22]
  • On March 20, 2009, the LAF purchased 6 Kawasaki Brute Force 750 4×4i.[9]
  • On December 28, 2008 the USA delivered 72 HMMWVs were recently delivered, Twelve of these vehicles are ambulances.[23]
  • During 2008, the US supplied Lebanon with 200 M35A3 and 41 M198 Howitzers.[24]
  • As of March 2008, The Netherlands has donated 100 DAF trucks to the Lebanese Army.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Heavy U.S. Military Aid to Lebanon Arrives ahead of Elections". Naharnet Newsdesk. April 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
  2. ^ a b c Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (27 January 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  3. ^ Christopher J. Castelli (September 2008). "Department of Defense to equip Lebanon's Special Forces with Small Arms, Vehicles" (PDF). DISAM Journal. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  4. ^ Daniel Watters. "The 5.56 X 45mm: 2008". The Gun Zone. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  5. ^ "Report: Profiling the Small Arms Industry – World Policy Institute – Research Project". World Policy Institute. November 2000. Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  6. ^ McNab, Chris (2002). 20th Century Military Uniforms (2nd ed.). Kent: Grange Books. ISBN 1-84013-476-3. 
  7. ^ "Lebanese Official Gazette (issues 2008)". Lebanese Official Gazette. Lebanese Government.  [page needed]
  8. ^ Thomas Smith Jr., W. (October 10, 2007). "Black-Masked Commandos Training By The Sea". National Review. Retrieved September 18, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "Lebanese Army purchases Kawasaki ATVs from RYMCO". Rymco. March 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  10. ^ "كاسحة الألغامالجيش يتسلم كاسحة ألغام هبة من حكومة النروج". August 2005. 
  11. ^ "كاسحة الألغام "Armtrac" في تجربة تدليلية". April 2006. 
  12. ^ افتتاح المشبّه التكتي. Lebanese Army Magazine (in Arabic). August 2006. 
  13. ^ خبراء فرنسيون زاروا كلية فؤاد شهاب في مهمة حول المشبه التكتي. Lebanese Army Magazine (in Arabic). August 2006. 
  14. ^ المشبّه التكتي. Lebanese Army Magazine (in Arabic). October 2005. 
  15. ^ "Cubic to Provide Small-Arms Trainers to New International Customers". Newsroom. Cubic Corporation. October 1, 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2010. 
  16. ^ http://www.lebarmy.gov.lb/en/news/?43244#.VNnJ0k10zIU
  17. ^ http://sdarabia.com/preview_news.php?id=30764&cat=1
  18. ^ "More New Comers to the LAF". milinme.wordpress. August 17, 2013. 
  19. ^ "La France donne des équipements à l'armée libanaise - cérémonie à la base aérienne de Beyrouth". Ambassade de France à Beyrouth. August 13, 2013. 
  20. ^ "تسلّم مدافع وأعتدة وذخائر مختلفة". Lebanese Army News. Lebanese Army. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  21. ^ "De Crem confirms the delivery of ex-Belgian AIFVs and M-113 Ambulances" (in Dutch and English). Belgian House of Representatives. January 6, 2010. 
  22. ^ "U.S. Government Provides Tactical Vehicles to the Lebanese Armed Forces". Press releases 2009. Embassy of the United States - Lebanon. March 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-26. 
  23. ^ "U.S. Government Provides Humvees to the Lebanese Armed Forces". Press Releases 2009. Embassy of the United States - Beirut, Lebanon. January 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-18. 
  24. ^ Garamone, Jim (December 1, 2008). "U.S. Forces Help Lebanese Military Assert Control". American Forces Press Service - DefenseLink News. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  25. ^ حفل تسلّم آليات عسكرية تقدمة من دولة هولندا (in Arabic). Lebanese Armed Forces. May 2008.