Lebanon, Indiana

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Lebanon, Indiana
City
Boone County Courthouse in Lebanon
Boone County Courthouse in Lebanon
Motto(s): The Hick City
Location of Lebanon in Boone County, Indiana.
Location of Lebanon in Boone County, Indiana.
Coordinates: 40°3′8″N 86°28′18″W / 40.05222°N 86.47167°W / 40.05222; -86.47167Coordinates: 40°3′8″N 86°28′18″W / 40.05222°N 86.47167°W / 40.05222; -86.47167
Country United States
State Indiana
County Boone
Government
 • Mayor Matthew T. Gentry (R)[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 15.64 sq mi (40.50 km2)
 • Land 15.62 sq mi (40.46 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)  0.13%
Elevation 938 ft (286 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 15,792
 • Estimate (2016)[4] 16,098
 • Density 1,030.47/sq mi (397.86/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code 46052
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-42624[5]
GNIS feature ID 0437719[6]
Website http://www.lebanon.in.gov/

Lebanon (/ˈlɛbnən/) is a city in and the county seat of Boone County, Indiana, United States.[7] The population was 15,792 at the 2010 census. Lebanon is located in central Indiana, approximately 29 miles (47 km) northwest of downtown Indianapolis and 36 miles (58 km) southeast of Lafayette.

History[edit]

Lebanon was founded in 1832.[8] It was so named because a stand of hickory trees on the site reminded a pioneer settler of the Biblical cedars of Lebanon.[9] The first post office at Lebanon was established in 1832.[10]

Historical sites[edit]

Lebanon is the home of the Historic Cragun House. Built in 1893, it was once the home of Strange Nathaniel Cragun and his family. The family travelled the world, and their house is now a living history museum full of the pieces they collected from their travels as well as original furniture from the dwelling. This Victorian home is owned and maintained by the Boone County Historical Society and serves as headquarters for the organization.[11] The Cragun House has been added to the National Register of Historic Places.[12][13]

Also listed on the National Register of Historic Places are the Boone County Courthouse and Oak Hill Cemetery (Lebanon, Indiana).[14][15]

Geography[edit]

Lebanon is located at 40°3′8″N 86°28′18″W / 40.05222°N 86.47167°W / 40.05222; -86.47167 (40.052137, -86.471570).[16]

According to the 2010 census, Lebanon has a total area of 15.566 square miles (40.32 km2), of which 15.55 square miles (40.27 km2) (or 99.9%) is land and 0.016 square miles (0.04 km2) (or 0.1%) is water.[17]

Notable architecture[edit]

The county courthouse of Lebanon is notable for its single-piece vertical Ionic order limestone columns. They were at one time the largest single-piece limestone columns in the world.[18]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860892
18701,57276.2%
18802,62567.0%
18903,68240.3%
19004,46521.3%
19105,47422.6%
19206,25714.3%
19306,4453.0%
19406,5291.3%
19507,63116.9%
19609,52324.8%
19709,7662.6%
198011,45617.3%
199012,0595.3%
200014,22217.9%
201015,79211.0%
Est. 201616,098[4]1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 15,792 people, 6,433 households, and 4,049 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,014.9 inhabitants per square mile (391.9/km2). There were 7,057 housing units at an average density of 453.5 per square mile (175.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 6,433 households of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 14,222 people, 5,834 households, and 3,780 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,952.9 people per square mile (754.3/km²). There were 6,202 housing units at an average density of 851.6 per square mile (328.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.67% White, 0.33% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.58% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the population.

Lebanon circa 1909.

There were 5,834 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,791, and the median income for a family was $47,769. Males had a median income of $35,614 versus $22,791 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,245. About 4.4% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The city council consists of seven members, five of whom are elected from individual districts, while two are elected at-large.

Politics[edit]

The last mayoral election occurred in November 2015 where Republican Matt Gentry 65.48% defeated Democrat Michele Thomas 33.46% by a 2 to 1 margin. Gentry was highly favored after defeating the incumbent Mayor Huck Lewis by a 2 to 1 margin. Gentry become the youngest Mayor in Lebanon history at the age of 26.

Tonya Thayer was re-elected as Clerk-Treasurer with no opposition. The only contested city council seats were the 2 at-large bids. Where newcomer Dan Fleming (Republican) 43.42% and incumbent Jeremy Lamar (Republican) 34.86% were able to defeat Aaron Smith (Independent) 21.71%.

The current city council is composed of all Republicans, Mike Kincaid (District 1), Keith Campbell (District 2), Corey Kutz (District 3), Dick Robertson (District 4), John Copeland (District 5), Dan Fleming and Jeremy Lamar (At-Large)

The mayoral election of 2011 occurred in May because no Democrats filed for the position. Incumbent Mayor Huck Lewis was able to retain his seat against Debbie Ottinger. Lewis won with 53.39% compared to Ottinger's 46.61%.

Former Mayor Jim Acton (Democratic Party) did not file to run for a fifth term, which left the 2007 election open to new candidates.

In the mayoral election of November 2007. The candidates were: Republican John Lasley, President of the Lebanon City-Council, Democrat Roger Neal, Lebanon Community School Corporation School Board member and former Lebanon Parks and Recreation Director, and independent candidate George Piper who used to be an editor at The Lebanon Reporter, which is Boone County's largest newspaper.

Republican City Council President John Lasley won the election with 48% of the vote, to Democrat Roger Neal's 27% and Independent George Piper's 25%.[20]

30% of registered voters cast votes in the 2007 election.[20]

Lasley died on May 2, 2009. He was battling a recurrence of cancer since December. City Council President Dick Robertson assumed the mayoral duties until the Republican Party precinct chairpersons met to choose Harold "Huck" Lewis as his successor.

Despite having recently elected Democratic mayors, Lebanon can be considered to be highly Republican when it comes to national and state politics. In the 2008 election, Boone County (the county in which Lebanon is located) voted 62% for Republican presidential candidate John McCain and more than 80% for Republican gubernatorial candidate Mitch Daniels.[21]

Education[edit]

Lebanon Community School Corporation has six schools under its jurisdiction: four elementary schools, a middle school and a high school. The body enrolled 3,434 students in 2016 and is recognized as an “A” district by the Indiana Department of Education.[22]

List of schools - Lebanon Community School Corporation
  • Lebanon High School
  • Lebanon Middle School
  • Central Elementary School
  • Hattie B. Stokes Elementary School
  • Harney Elementary School
  • Perry-Worth Elementary School

The city has a lending library, the Lebanon Public Library, which was established as a Carnegie library with an initial grant of $15,000 in 1903.[23]

Economy[edit]

Major employers in Lebanon include Lebanon Community School Corporation; the U.S. headquarters of German power tools company Festool and of Canadian specialty foods manufacturer Skjodt-Barrett; manufacturing plants for Hendrickson International, Kauffman Engineering, Maplehurst Bakeries, and D-A Lubricant Company; distribution centers for CNH Parts & Services, Subaru of America, and Hachette Book Group USA; and health care and medical facilities operated by Witham Health Services.

In 2018 MonoSol, a business unit of Japanese specialty chemical company Kuraray, chose Lebanon as the site of its newest facility to produce water soluble film technologies. The Lebanon plant is expected to be fully operational in mid-to-late 2020.[24]

Transportation[edit]

Highways

Airports
The Boone County Airport is located two nautical miles (2.3 mi, 3.7 km) southeast of Lebanon's central business district.[25] The nearest commercial airport which currently has scheduled airline service is Indianapolis International Airport (IND), located approximately 32 miles (51 km) south of Lebanon.

Railroads and Trails
CSX provides freight rail service in Lebanon. The Lebanon Business Park located in the southwest part of the city is designated a CSX Select Site; CSX constructed a rail spur directly into the business park.[26]

The Lafayette and Indianapolis Railroad line traversing Lebanon was owned and operated by a number of companies from its inception in 1852 until it was abandoned in 1985.[27][28] Portions of the former railroad line have been re-purposed as a shared use path currently known as Big 4 or Farm Heritage Trail. A trailhead is located at Sam Ralston Road east of Interstate 65 in Lebanon, and the trail extends 9.5 miles (15.3 km) from this point northwest to Thorntown.[29]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Welcome to the Mayor's Office". City of Lebanon, Indiana. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 28, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Early Life and Times in Boone County, Indiana. Carlon & Hollenbeck. 1887. p. 38. 
  9. ^ "Lebanon, Indiana - History". City of Lebanon, Indiana. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  10. ^ "Boone County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.boonecountyhistorical.org/the-cragun-house.html
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2012-10-25. 
  13. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/12/11 through 12/16/11. National Park Service. 2011-12-23. 
  14. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  15. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 3/24/14 through 3/28/14. National Park Service. 2014-04-04. 
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  17. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-29. 
  18. ^ Thomas, Phyllis. Off The Beaten Path Indiana. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  20. ^ a b http://www.boonecounty.in.gov/Default.aspx?tabid=364
  21. ^ http://boonecounty.in.gov/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=OOTk3gGdcZw%3d&tabid=456&mid=1387
  22. ^ "District Information". Lebanon Community School Corporation. 
  23. ^ "Homepage". Lebanon Public Library. Retrieved 4 March 2018. 
  24. ^ http://www.areadevelopment.com/newsItems/3-7-2018/monosol-production-facility-lebanon-indiana.shtml
  25. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for 6I4 (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.
  26. ^ https://www.csx.com/index.cfm/about-us/media/press-releases/csx-select-site-designation-awarded-to-duke-realty-s-lebanon-business-park/?mobileFormat=true
  27. ^ http://www.abandonedrails.com/Lafayette_to_Indianapolis
  28. ^ https://www.in.gov/indot/files/Rail_STBFilings.pdf
  29. ^ https://www.traillink.com/trail/big-4-trail-(lebanon-to-thorntown)/
  30. ^ [1]
  31. ^ Wells, Herman (1980). Being Lucky. Indiana University Press. 

External links[edit]