Lebanon Municipal Airport (New Hampshire)
Lebanon Municipal Airport
Approach to Runway 18, July 2007
|Owner||City of Lebanon|
|Serves||Lebanon, New Hampshire|
|Elevation AMSL||603 ft / 184 m|
Lebanon Municipal Airport (IATA: LEB, ICAO: KLEB, FAA LID: LEB) is a city-owned, public-use airport located three nautical miles (6 km) west of the central business district of Lebanon, a city in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. Also known as Lebanon Airport, it is the northernmost commercial airport in New Hampshire, near the Vermont border, off Interstate 89 just south of the junction with Interstate 91. Other nearby towns include Hanover, New Hampshire and White River Junction, Vermont. The area is also the home of Dartmouth College and the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center.
In recent years, the airport has struggled due to competition with the much larger Manchester-Boston Regional Airport, 65 miles (87 kilometers) away and accessible via the I-89 freeway. Colgan Air formerly offered nonstop flights from Lebanon to New York LaGuardia Airport operating as US Airways Express via a code sharing agreement with US Airways. The airline first operated the flights with the Beechcraft 1900 commuter propjet and later with the Saab 340 regional turboprop before service ended in November 2008.
On November 2, 2008, Cape Air began offering service to Boston. Airline service is subsidized by the Essential Air Service program utilizing the smaller Cessna 402 twin prop aircraft. The terminal building has typical facilities such as baggage claim, a check-in desk, rental car services, and airport security.
As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 8,294 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 6,089 enplanements in 2009, and 7,832 in 2010. It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a non-hub primary commercial service facility.
Historical airline service
Lebanon Airport was served by Northeast Airlines before this air carrier was acquired by and merged into Delta Air Lines. In 1948, the airport was a stop on a daily round trip service operated by Northeast with a Douglas DC-3 linking New York City with Montreal. The June 16, 1948 Northeast Airlines system timetable listed the routing of this flight as New York City - Hartford/Springfield - Keene, NH - Lebanon - Monpelier/Barre, VT - Burlington, VT - Montreal. In 1964, Northeast was operating direct one stop service to New York John F. Kennedy Airport with four engine Douglas DC-6B propliners via Keene. By 1969, Northeast was operating up to ten flights a day from the airport with Fairchild Hiller FH-227 turboprop aircraft with nonstop service to New York LaGuardia Airport (LGA), Boston (BOS), Montpelier/Barre (MPV), Manchester, NH (MHT) and Keene, NH (EEN) with daily direct one stop service to Burlington (BTV). Northeast was merged into Delta Air Lines in 1972 which in turn continued to serve the airport.
In 1973, Delta was operating nonstop as well as direct service from the airport to New York LaGuardia Airport and New York John F. Kennedy Airport (JFK) with Fairchild Hiller FH-227 turboprops with these aircraft having been previously operated by Northeast. At this same time, according to its March 1, 1973 system timetable, Delta had introduced McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 jet service at nearby Keene, NH; however, Delta did not operate jet flights into Lebanon.
According to the April 15, 1975 edition of the Official Airline Guide (OAG), Delta was no longer serving the airport with all flights at this time being operated by Air New England with Beechcraft 99, de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter and Fairchild Hiller FH-227 turboprop aircraft with nonstop service to Boston and Montpelier/Barre, VT as well as direct flights to New York LaGuardia Airport via a stop in Keene, NH. The OAG lists up to fourteen flights a day being operated into the airport by Air New England at this time.
Facilities and aircraft
Lebanon Municipal Airport covers an area of 563 acres (228 ha) at an elevation of 603 feet (184 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt paved runways: 7/25 is 5,496 by 100 feet (1,675 x 30 m) and 18/36 is 5,200 by 100 feet (1,585 x 30 m).
For the 12-month period ending May 31, 2010, the airport had 39,283 aircraft operations, an average of 107 per day: 77% general aviation, 22% air taxi, and 1% military. At that time there were 52 aircraft based at this airport: 58% single-engine, 3.8% multi-engine, 2% jet, 35% helicopter, and 2% glider.
Airline and destinations
|Cape Air||Boston, White Plains|
|Domestic Destinations Map|
|1||Boston, MA||Logan International Airport (BOS)||6,000|
|2||White Plains, NY||Westchester County Airport (HPN)||4,000|
- The 1968 Northeast Airlines Flight 946 crash occurred on 25 October 1968, when a Fairchild Hiller FH-227 crashed into Moose Mountain 10 miles (16 km) northeast of the airport while descending on approach.
- The 1996 New Hampshire Learjet crash occurred on December 24, 1996, when a Learjet 35 crashed into a mountain 20 miles (32 km) northeast of the airport after executing a missed approach. The wreckage was not found until November 13, 1999.
- FAA Airport Master Record for LEB ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective January 31, 2017.
- "Lebanon Municipal Airport (LEB): Request For Qualifications" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 11, 2005.
- "Flight Schedules". Cape Air. Archived from the original on August 19, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2008.
"Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009. External link in
"Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. External link in
- "List of NPIAS Airports" (PDF). FAA.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- http://www.timetableimages.com, June 16, 1948 Northeast Airlines system timetable
- http://www.timetableimages.com, April 26, 1964 Northeast Airlines system timetable
- http://www.departedflights.com, June 1, 1969 Northeast Airlines system timetable
- http://www.departedflights.com, Mar. 1, 1973 Delta Air Lines system timetable
- http://www.departedflights.com, April 15, 1975 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Lebanon flight schedules
- "Lebanon-Hanover, NH: Lebanon Municipal (LEB)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), U.S. Department of Transportation. January 31, 2017.
- Essential Air Service documents (Docket OST-2003-14822) from the U.S. Department of Transportation:
- Order 2004-11-1 (November 5, 2004): selecting Colgan Air, Inc., d/b/a US Airways Express, to provide subsidized essential air service at Lebanon, New Hampshire, at an annual subsidy rate of $998,752 for the two-year period beginning October 1, 2004, through September 30, 2006.
- Order 2006-6-37 (June 29. 2006): selecting Colgan Air, Inc., d/b/a US Airways Express, to continue to provide subsidized essential air service at Lebanon, New Hampshire, consisting of 18 nonstop round trip a week to LaGuardia International Airport, for a new two-year term through September 30, 2008, at the annual subsidy rate of $1,069,606.
- Order 2008-7-27 (July 25, 2008): selecting Hyannis Air Service, Inc., d/b/a Cape Air, to provide subsidized essential air service (EAS) at Lebanon, New Hampshire, for an annual subsidy rate of $2,245,669, for a new two-year period, beginning when the carrier inaugurates full-service.
- Order 2010-10-12 (October 19, 2010): selecting Hyannis Air Service, Inc. d/b/a Cape Air, to continue providing subsidized essential air service (EAS) at Lebanon, NH/White River Junction, VT (Lebanon), for the four-year period beginning December 1, 2010, through November 30, 2014, at the annual subsidy rate of $2,347,744.
- Lebanon Airport, official site
- Aerial image as of May 1992 from USGS The National Map
- (PDF), effective June 18, 2020
- FAA Terminal Procedures for LEB, effective June 18, 2020
- Resources for this airport: