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Protestant Church
Protestant Church
Coat of arms of Lebus
Coat of arms
Lebus  is located in Germany
Coordinates: 52°25′00″N 14°31′59″E / 52.41667°N 14.53306°E / 52.41667; 14.53306Coordinates: 52°25′00″N 14°31′59″E / 52.41667°N 14.53306°E / 52.41667; 14.53306
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Märkisch-Oderland
Municipal assoc. Lebus
 • Mayor Bernd Tillack (Pro Lebus)
 • Total 54.23 km2 (20.94 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,146
 • Density 58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 15326
Dialling codes 033604
Vehicle registration MOL
Website www.amt-lebus.de

Lebus (Polish: Lubusz) is a town in the southeast of the Märkisch-Oderland District in Brandenburg, Germany. It had a population of 3,144 as of 2013. It was the center of the historical region known as Lubusz Land.



Lebus is located on the Oder River on the German border with Poland, 10 km north of Frankfurt (Oder). It is the seat of Amt Lebus.


  • Mallnow
  • Schönfließ
  • Wulkow


Historical affiliations

Duchy of Poland 960s-1025
Kingdom of Poland 1025–1249
Margraviate of Brandenburg ca. 1250-1618
Brandenburg-Prussia 1618-1701
 Kingdom of Prussia 1701-1871
 German Empire 1871-1918
 Weimar Republic 1918-1933
 Nazi Germany 1933-1945
 Allied-occupied Germany 1945-1949
 East Germany 1949-1990
 Germany 1990–present

Settlement in the vicinity of Lebus has been traced as far back as 3,000 years. The ridges provided natural defense and led to fortifications being constructed upon them. The Germanic Lombards and Semnoni are believed to have lived in the area before the Common Era. Since approximately 7th century area inhabited by the Slavic tribe Leubuzzi, Lechitic tribe considered to be transitional between Poles and Liutici. The land on both sides of the Oder became known as Terra Lebusana ("land of the Leubuzzi" in Latin, Polish: Ziemia Lubuska).

The region was conquered and brought under Polish control by 966 under the rule of Duke Mieszko I. A castellan's castle was built to control it. It was Polish stronghold against German invasion, so the thirteenth-century chronicles named Lebus "the key to the Kingdom of Poland",[2] which was a battleground for neighboring rulers. This Lubusz Land, which provides the name for the present-day Lubusz Voivodeship in Poland, was especially influenced by the Piast dukes in Silesia. Settlement was mentioned as a town Liubusua and Libusua urbs in the annals of Thietmari merseburgiensis episcopi chronicon written in the years 1012 - 1018 (under the rule of Boleslaus I the Brave) the Bishop of Merseburg and chronicler Thietmar.[3]

The Bishopric of Lubusz was founded in 1124-25 during the reign of Bolesław III Wrymouth to counter and convert the Liutizi. It served as an important center for Catholic missionaries preaching in and developing the Oder region. In 1163 Emperor Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor granted the Lubusz Land on both sides of the Oder as a fief to the Silesian Piasts. German colonization of the region proceeded throughout the 13th century and the settlement became predominantly known as Lebus. Duke Henry I of Silesia granted it German town law in 1226. The Ascanian Margraviate of Brandenburg acquired the region ca. 1250.

During the Middle Ages, Lebus served as an important stop on trade routes from the Baltic Sea to Italy and from Poznań to Flanders. After the destruction of the town's cathedral by troops of Emperor Charles IV in 1373, the seat of the bishopric was moved from Lebus to Fürstenwalde. The populace became Lutheran during the Protestant Reformation, and the bishopric was secularized in 1555 following the death of the last Catholic bishop, Georg von Blumenthal. After the 16th century fires and political changes weakened the fortifications; the castle was decisively damaged by a lightning strike in 1713. Lebus gradually became a backwater locality.

In 1701 Lebus became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars, it was administered within the new Prussian Province of Brandenburg.

During World War II, Lebus, including its medieval center, was almost completely destroyed. While Lebus remained part of East Germany, the area east of the Oder became part of Poland in 1945 according to the Potsdam Agreement. The parish church of Lebus was restored in 1954.

Since the last administrative reform of Poland, one of 16 Polish provinces has been named Lubusz Voivodeship or Province of Lebus.

House of Culture


Town council[edit]

The town council of Lebus has 16 representatives.

(as of the communal vote from 26 October 2003)


The coat of arms of Lebus depicts a wolf carrying a sheep in its mouth.



The Heimatstube Lebus has information about the history and tourism sights of the town.


Nearby hills and ridges have provided natural defenses to the town for over a thousand years. The Turmberg offers a view of the Oder river valley.


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2015 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ Piastowie. Leksykon biograficzny, Kraków 1999, page 409
  3. ^ "Thietmari meseburgensis episcopi chronicon", Fridericus Kurze, Hannoverae, Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1889, page 16 and page 59.

External links[edit]