Lech (river)

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Lech
Karte einzugsbereich lech.png
Drainage basin of the Lech
Location
CountryGermany, Austria
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationNorthern Limestone Alps
 ⁃ elevation1,865 metres (6,119 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Danube
 ⁃ coordinates
48°44′6″N 10°56′11″E / 48.73500°N 10.93639°E / 48.73500; 10.93639Coordinates: 48°44′6″N 10°56′11″E / 48.73500°N 10.93639°E / 48.73500; 10.93639
Length255.3 km (158.6 mi) [1]
Basin size3,919 km2 (1,513 sq mi) [1]
Discharge 
 ⁃ average115 m3/s (4,100 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea

The Lech (Latin: Licus, Licca) is a river in Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Danube 255 kilometres (158 mi) in length with a drainage basin of 3,919 square kilometres (1,513 sq mi).[1] Its source is located in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, where the river rises from lake Formarinsee in the Alps at an altitude of 1,870 metres (6,120 ft). It flows in a north-north-easterly direction and crosses the German border, forming the Lechfall, a 12-metre-high (39 ft) waterfall; afterwards the river enters a narrow gorge (the Lechschlucht). Leaving the Alps, it enters the plains of the Allgäu at Füssen at an elevation of 790 metres (2,580 ft) in the German state of Bavaria, where it used to be the location of the boundary with Swabia. The river runs through the city of Füssen and through the Forggensee, a man-made lake which is drained in winter. Here, it forms rapids and a waterfall.

The river flows further northwards through a region called the Lechrain, and passes the cities of Schongau, Landsberg, Augsburg (where it receives the Wertach) and Rain before entering the Danube just below Donauwörth at an elevation of 410 metres (1,330 ft). It is not navigable, owing to its torrential character and the gravel beds which choke its channel. There are extensive views of the Lech valley from Neuschwanstein Castle, near Füssen.

Etymology[edit]

Inscriptions from 8/7 B. C. prove that the river name is first mentioned in the Celtic tribe name Licates. The river itself is called Likios or Likias in the 2nd century. Around the year 570 the name Licca is found in records. In the 8th century, names such as Lecha and Lech appeared. The term Licus is still used in 1059.

The name stands in analogy to the Welsh word llech ("stone slab") and the Breton word lec'h ("gravestone"). In this context, the meaning of the word "Lech" is explained as "the stony".[2]

History[edit]

On more than one occasion, historic events have been decided on the banks of this river.

Hydroelectric power plants[edit]

Currently, there are 33 hydroelectric power plants on the Lech. The power plants are listed beginning at the headwaters:[3]

Dam Name Installed capacity (MW) Year of completion Image
1 Lechstaustufe Horn 5.0 1952 Kraftwerk Horn (Horn hydro-power station) - geo.hlipp.de - 37358.jpg
2 Forggensee 45.5 1954 Forggensee from Kellenspitze.JPG
3 Premer Lechsee 19.2 1972 Lechstaustufe2004.JPG
4 Lechstaustufe Lechbruck 5.0 1903/1958 Aerials Bavaria.2006 08-45-22.jpg
5 Lechstaustufe 3 – Urspring 10.2 1971
6 Lechstaustufe 4 – Dessau 10.2 1971
7 Dornautalsperre 16.6 1960 Staudamm Lechstaustufe 6 September 2015.jpg
8 Lechstaustufe 7 – Finsterau 7.7 1950
9 Lechstaustufe 8 – Sperber 7.3 1947 Lechstaustufe 8 – Sperber.jpg
10 Lechstaustufe 8a – Kinsau 9.2 1992 Lechstaustufe 8a Kinsau.jpg
11 Lechstaustufe 9 – Apfeldorf 7.2 1944 Lechstaustufe 9 GO-1.jpg
12 Lechstaustufe 10 – Epfach 8.3 1948 Lechstaustufe 10 – Epfach.jpg
13 Lechstaustufe 11 – Lechblick 8.1 1943 Lechstaustufe 11 – Lechblick.jpg
14 Lechstaustufe 12 – Lechmühlen 7.9 1943 Lechstaustufe 12 – Lechmühlen.jpg
15 Lechstaustufe 13 – Dornstetten 8.2 1943 Lechstaustufe unterhalb von Seestall.JPG
16 Lechstaustufe 14 – Pitzling 7.9 1944 Lechstaustufe 14 – Pitzling.jpg
17 Lechstaustufe 15 – Landsberg 8.0 1944 Lechstaustufe 15 – Landsberg.jpg
18 Lechstaustufe 18 – Kaufering 16.7 1975
19 Lechstaustufe 19 – Schwabstadl 12.0 1981
20 Lechstaustufe 20 – Scheuring 12.2 1980
21 Lechstaustufe 21 – Prittriching 12.1 1983
22 Lechstaustufe 22 – Unterbergen 12.4 1982 Lechstaustufe 22.jpg
23 Lechstaustufe 23 – Mandichosee 12.0 1978 Mandichosee Staumauer.jpg
24 Hochablass 3.1 2013 Hochablass Augsburg Foto Stadtwerke Augsburg.jpg
25 Eisenbahnerwehr 3.2 2006 Eisenbahnerwehr.jpeg
26 Wolfzahnauwehr 2.0 2010 Wolfzahnauwehr.jpg
27 Kraftwerk Gersthofen 9.9 1901
28 Kraftwerk Langweid 7.0 1908 Lechmuseum Bayern 12.JPG
29 Kraftwerk Meitingen 11.6 1922 Kraftwerk Meitingen02.JPG
30 Staustufe Ellgau 10.0 1952
31 Staustufe Oberpeiching 12.3 1954
32 Staustufe Rain 11.2 1955
33 Staustufe Feldheim 8.5 1960 NSG Vogelfreistätte Feldheimer Stausee -.von SO Richtung Nord mit Kraftwerksgebäude.jpg

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Eberhard Pfeuffer: Der Lech. Wissner-Verlag, Augsburg 2010, ISBN 3-89639-768-0.
  • R. Zettl: Lechauf-lechab. Wißner-Verlag 2002, ISBN 3-89639-316-2.
  • Dr. Peter Nowotny: Erlebnis Lech. Verlag – J. Eberl KG, Immenstadt 2001.
  • Dr. Bernhard Raster: Nutzung und anthropogene Veränderung des Lechs in historischer Zeit. Diss. Würzburg 1979.
  • Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv (Hrsg.): Altbayerische Flusslandschaften an Donau, Lech, Isar und Inn. = Ausstellungskatalog, Anton H. Konrad, Verlag Weißenhorn 1998.
  • Werner Gamerith: Lechtal. Tyrolia Verlag, Innsbruck-Wien 2002.
  • Peter Nasemann: Lebensraum Füssener Lech. Holdenrieds Druck- und Verlags GmbH, o. J.
  • Norbert Müller: Augsburger Ökologische Schriften, Heft 2: Der Lech. Stadt Augsburg 1991, ISSN 0941-2123
Specific
  1. ^ a b c Complete table of the Bavarian Waterbody Register by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (xls, 10.3 MB)
  2. ^ "Wolf-Armin Frhr. v. Reitzenstein: Lexikon bayerischer Ortsnamen. Herkunft und Bedeutung. C.H.Beck, Munich 2006
  3. ^ "Fichtner: Die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit von großen Laufwasserkraftwerken im liberalisierten Strommarkt – Endbericht (Langfassung). Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit, 2003

External links[edit]