Lechfeld Air Base

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lechfeld Airbase)
Jump to: navigation, search
Lechfeld Air Base
Roundel of the German Air Force (with Border).svg
Fliegerhorst Lechfeld
Advanced Landing Ground R-71
Luftwaffetornado.jpg
A Luftwaffe IDS Tornado
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Unified Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Germany
Operator German Air Force
Location Lagerlechfeld, Germany
Elevation AMSL 1,822 ft / 555 m
Coordinates 48°11′10″N 010°51′42″E / 48.18611°N 10.86167°E / 48.18611; 10.86167
Map
ETSL is located in Germany
ETSL
ETSL
Location of Lechfeld Air Base
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21 2,442 8,012 Asphalt

Lechfeld Air Base (IATA: RBMICAO: ETSL) is a German Air Force (Luftwaffe) base located 1 km east of Lagerlechfeld in Bavaria, about 20 km south of Augsburg on the Bundestrasse 17.

It is the home of Training Division A of the School of Management Assistance, and of 32 Fighter Bomber Wing (Jagdbombergeschwader 32), part of the Luftwaffe's 1st Air Division. The two squadrons based there fly the Panavia Tornado.

History[edit]

In 1912, the German Army's military flight operations started at Lechfeld, but were forbidden after the First World War. Flight operations were resumed in 1934 and a flight school was opened. The Messerschmitt Works at Augsburg used Lagerlechfeld also as a test airfield. On May 22, 1943, at Lechfeld, Adolf Galland made his first flight in the Messerschmitt Me 262, a highly advanced twin engine jet fighter. He told Hermann Goering, "It felt as if angels were pushing."[1] In April 1944 a special Luftwaffe unit began training of operational pilots on the 262. Most of the buildings were destroyed by 1945 after several air attacks.

American use[edit]

American Army units moved into the Lagerlechfeld area in early May 1945 during the Western Allied Invasion of Germany and seized the airfield with little or no opposition. Initial reconstruction plans for the base to be used as a United States Army Air Forces field were cancelled after the German Capitulation on 7 May, and the facility was garrisoned by United States Army units, although United States Army Air Forces personnel were sent to the base to evaluate the Messerschmitt aircraft left at the airfield. It was designated as Advanced Landing Ground "R-71"[2]

In December 1945, the facility was turned over to the United States Army Air Forces, which renamed it Army Air Force Station Lechfeld and was used by various units as an occupation garrison until being closed on 1 Jun 1947, being put into "standby" status and turned over to the Army garrison at Augsburg for control.

Modern era[edit]

The unreconstructed facility was eventually turned over to the reconstituted German Armed Forces in 1955, and the first German military personnel of the newly created Bundeswehr arrived at the Lechfeld on 7 July 1956. Their task was to rebuild the air base that had been damaged in the Second World War. Two years later, on 22 July 1958, 32 Fighter Bomber Wing began flight operations using F-84 Thunderstreak aircraft.

On 14 September 1961, two F-84F Thunderstreak of 32 Fighter Bomber Wing crossed into East German airspace due to a navigational error, eventually landing at Berlin Tegel Airport, evading a large number of Soviet fighter planes. The event came at a historically difficult time during the Cold War, one month after the construction of the Berlin Wall. Oberstleutnant Siegfried Barth, commander of the unit at the time, was transferred for the incident but later, after a number of investigations and complaints, had to be reinstated.[3]

In 1965 32 Fighter Bomber Wing received the F-104 Starfighter until they were replaced between 1982 and 1984 by the Panavia Tornado.

Lechfeld Air Base was used for several Cold War NATO deployments of USAF/ANG units during the annual "Reforger" exercises.

In October 2011 the German Federal Ministry of Defence announced a reorganisation/reduction of the German Armed Forces. As a consequence, 32 Fighter Bomber Wing will be disbanded and 14 Student Company of the German Armed Forces Command Support School, also stationed at the air base, will be reduced to one of the elements of the German Armed Forces Command Support School. The base will house a branch of the German Air Force Engineering Training Centre and other minor units of the air force. The reorganisation will reduce the number of personnel stationed on the air base from currently 1620 to 570.[4] The disbandment of 32 Fighter Bomber Wing took place on 31 March 2013.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Forsyth, Jagdgeschwader 7 'Nowotny' (Osprey Publishing), p. 10
  2. ^ IX Engineering Command Advanced Landing Grounds
  3. ^ STRAUSS-BEFEHL: Bier-Order 61 (German) Der Spiegel, published: 9 May 1962, accessed: 30 November 2010
  4. ^ Quoted from Federal Ministry of Defence (26 October 2011), Stationing of the Bundeswehr in Germany (in German), retrieved 14 November 2012 , PDF-file "Stationing of the Bundeswehr in Germany", p. 61
  5. ^ Brems, G;oria (11 February 2013), "Jagdgeschwader übernimmt Flugbetrieb auf dem Lechfeld", Augsburger Allgemeine (in German), retrieved 1 March 2016 

External links[edit]