Led Zeppelin European Tour 1971

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Europe 1971
Concert by Led Zeppelin
Poster for Led Zeppelin's infamous concert at Milan, Italy, used to help promote its 1971 European tour
Associated albumLed Zeppelin III
Start date3 May 1971
End date5 July 1971
No. of shows6
Led Zeppelin concert chronology

Led Zeppelin's 1971 European Tour was a concert tour of Europe by the English rock band. The tour commenced on 3 May and concluded on 5 July 1971. It included one concert at Liverpool, England, which was a rescheduled date from their preceding tour of the United Kingdom.[1] It is possible that other unverified dates in Europe were also performed during this period.[2]

Though being very short in duration, this concert tour was well known, primarily because of the extremely violent crowd disturbance which took place at the band's concert at the Vigorelli Velodrome in Milan on 5 July.[3][4][5] This festival appearance in front of an audience of 15,000 people was abandoned when hundreds of tear-gas wielding riot police charged into the crowd. The group were forced to leave the stage and many fans were injured. Some of the group's equipment was also damaged in the chaos. The band's singer Robert Plant later recalled:

We went to Milan and the riot troops moved in and tear-gassed the event. We escaped down an access route and the troops pumped canisters at us as we ran. We managed to get in a dressing room and I barricaded the door with the medicine cabinet and got everybody to put wet towels around their heads. Then they broke the windows and popped a couple of canisters in from the street.[6]

The concert has been described as one of the low points of Led Zeppelin's career, and the band never again returned to Italy.[7]

Tour set list[edit]

All track written by Jimmy Page and Robert Plant, except where noted.

The fairly typical set list for the tour was:

  1. "Immigrant Song"
  2. "Heartbreaker" (Bonham, Jones, Page, Plant)
  3. "Since I've Been Loving You" (Page, Plant, Jones)
  4. "Dazed and Confused" (Page)
  5. "Out on the Tiles" (intro) (Page, Plant, Bonham) / "Black Dog" (Page, Plant, Jones)
  6. "Stairway to Heaven"
  7. "Going to California"
  8. "That's the Way"
  9. "What Is and What Should Never Be"
  10. "Moby Dick" (Bonham, Jones, Page) (on 8 Aug only)
  11. "Four Sticks" (on 3 May only)
  12. "Gallows Pole" (on 3 May only)
  13. "Whole Lotta Love" (Bonham, Dixon, Jones, Page, Plant)
  14. "Communication Breakdown" (Bonham, Jones, Page)
  15. "Misty Mountain Hop" (Page, Plant, Jones) (on 3 May only)
  16. "Rock and Roll" (Page, Plant, Jones, Bonham)

There were some set list substitutions, variations, and order switches during the tour. On 3 May Led Zeppelin played "Four Sticks" (Page, Plant). This is the only known time it was performed by the original band.[8] Also played was "Gallows Pole," one of only two complete known live performances, the other played later that year on 16 November 1971 at St Matthew's Baths Hall, Ipswich, UK.

Tour dates[edit]

Date City Country Venue
3 May 1971 Copenhagen Denmark K.B. Hallen
4 May 1971 Odense Fyns Forum
10 May 1971 Liverpool England University of Liverpool
5 July 1971 Milan Italy Velodromo Vigorelli


  1. ^ Led Zeppelin official website: concert summary
  2. ^ Dave Lewis and Simon Pallett, (1997) Led Zeppelin: The Concert File, London: Omnibus Press, p. 63.
  3. ^ Led Zeppelin Interview 1971 Archived 2012-05-19 at WebCite
  4. ^ Led Zeppelin official website: concert summary
  5. ^ Chris Welch (1994) Led Zeppelin, London: Orion Books. ISBN 1-85797-930-3, p. 63.
  6. ^ Nigel Williamson, "Good Times...Bad Times", Uncut, May 2005, p. 56.
  7. ^ Lewis, Dave and Pallett, Simon (1997) Led Zeppelin: The Concert File, London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-5307-4, p. 63.
  8. ^ Dave Lewis (1994), The Complete Guide to the Music of Led Zeppelin, Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-3528-9.

External links[edit]


  • Lewis, Dave and Pallett, Simon (1997) Led Zeppelin: The Concert File, London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-5307-4.