Ledger (journal)

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Edited byChristopher E. Wilmer, Peter R. Rizun
Publication details
LicenseCC BY
Standard abbreviations
ISO 4Ledger
OCLC no.910895894

Ledger is the first peer-reviewed academic journal dedicated to cryptocurrency and blockchain technology research.[1] The journal covers topics that relate to cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin. This includes aspects of mathematics, computer science, engineering, law, economics and philosophy.[2] The focus according to Wilmer is "blockchain technology research."[3] It is funded by Coin Center, a nonprofit.[4]

The journal is open access. It is published by the University Library System of the University of Pittsburgh and is cosponsored by the University of Pittsburgh Press.[5][4]


The idea for the journal was born out of a discussion between managing editors Peter R. Rizun and Christopher E. Wilmer, on the bitcoin forum bitcointalk.org.

Wilmer envisioned ledger as a journal for "people passionate about the technology, to publish their research."[6] Wilmer called into question the reliability of 'white papers' that became common in the cryptocurrency boom. According to Wilmer, the Ledger Journal receives two to four submissions a week, and many are of poor quality. “Occasionally we get submissions with no citations."[7] Wilmer's vision for Ledger was to use a more a traditional peer review system.[7]

A call for papers was issued on 15 September 2015 with the deadline set to 31 December 2015. However, this was delayed while formalising the review process. The inaugural issue was not published until December 2016.[2]

Related persons and organizations[edit]

Rizun is a physicist and entrepreneur, who lives in Vancouver, Canada.[8]

Wilmer is an assistant professor in the Swanson School of Engineering’s Chemical & Petroleum Engineering Department.[3][9] He is the author of Bitcoin for befuddled. Wilmer first used bitcoin to purchase honey caramels from a beekeeper.[10]

The University of Pittsburgh was featured in the documentary The Rise and Rise of Bitcoin.[3]


  1. ^ Extance, Andy (2015). "The future of cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin and beyond". Nature. 526 (7571): 21–23. Bibcode:2015Natur.526...21E. doi:10.1038/526021a. PMID 26432223.
  2. ^ a b Hertig, Alyssa (15 September 2015). "Introducing Ledger, the First Bitcoin-Only Academic Journal". motherboard.vice.com. Vice Media. Archived from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c BISHOP, TODD (13 February 2018). "Q&A: The inside story of 'Ledger,' the academic journal for blockchain and cryptocurrency research". Geekwire. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b Blake, Sharon (4 May 2017). "Cryptocurrency Research Finds a Home at Pitt with Ledger Journal". Pitt Chronicle. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  5. ^ Dotson, Kyt (16 September 2015). "The University of Pittsburgh is now home to Ledger: the first Bitcoin-only academic journal". siliconangle.com. Archived from the original on 12 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  6. ^ Nootbar, Mark (11 April 2017). "'Ledger' Becomes First Academic Journal Dedicated To Blockchain – The Technology Behind Bitcoin". NPR (WESA 90.5FM). Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b CHEN, SOPHIA (18 July 2018). "Why You Can't Trust More Cryptocurrency White Papers". Wired. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  8. ^ Carr, Annemarie (28 September 2015). "Pitt to publish first academic journal on Bitcoin". PittNews.com. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  9. ^ Kovash, Sarah (30 July 2019). "Is It A Big Deal That Sheetz Now Has Bitcoin ATMs?". NPR-WESA. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  10. ^ Wiedel, Susan. "Pitt Chat with Chris Wilmer: A Pitt professor breaks down the basics of blockchains, the tech behind cryptocurrency". PittMag Winter 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2020.

External links[edit]