|Trade names||Harvoni (combination with sofosbuvir)|
|Metabolism||No cytochrome metabolism|
|Elimination half-life||47 hrs|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||889.00 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Ledipasvir is a drug for the treatment of hepatitis C that was developed by Gilead Sciences. After completing Phase III clinical trials, on February 10, 2014 Gilead filed for U.S. approval of a ledipasvir/sofosbuvir fixed-dose combination tablet for genotype 1 hepatitis C. The ledipasvir/sofosbuvir combination is a direct-acting antiviral agent that interferes with HCV replication and can be used to treat patients with genotypes 1a or 1b without PEG-interferon or ribavirin.
Data presented at the 20th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in March 2013 showed that a triple regimen of the nucleotide analog inhibitor sofosbuvir, ledipasvir, and ribavirin produced a 12-week post-treatment sustained virological response (SVR12) rate of 100% for both treatment-naive patients and prior non-responders with HCV genotype 1. The sofosbuvir/ledipasvir coformulation is being tested with and without ribavirin. In February 2014 Gilead filed for United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir oral treatment, without interferon and ribavirin.
On 10 October 2014 the FDA approved the combination product ledipasvir/sofosbuvir called Harvoni.
Ledipasvir is most commonly used in combination with sofosbuvir for treatment in chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 patients. This drug has been tested and shown efficacy in treatment-naive and treatment experienced patients.
According to clinical trials, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir has been very well tolerated with the most common side effects being fatigue and headache.
Most drug-drug interactions with Harvoni involve Pgp-inducers such as St. John’s wort or rifampicin. Concomitant use will decrease the blood concentration of Harvoni and thus, have reduced therapeutic effects.
Mechanism of action
Similar to sofosbuvir, the cost of Harvoni has been a controversial topic. It costs $1,125 per pill in the US, translating to $63,000 for an 8-week treatment course, $94,500 for a 12-week treatment course, or $189,000 for a 24-week treatment course. Gilead justifies the cost by outweighing the benefit of curing hepatitis C over the cost of spending double on liver transplants or temporarily treating liver diseases. Gilead has provided a ledipasvir/sofosbuvir assistance program for eligible underserved or underinsured hepatitis C patients who cannot afford the costs of treatment.
In July 2015 Gilead modified the eligibility criteria to receive Support Path benefits for HCV patients in the United States.
- "Ledipasvir" (PDF). United States Adopted Name.
- "GS-5885". Gilead Sciences.
- ELECTRON: 100% Suppression of Viral Load through 4 Weeks’ Post-treatment for Sofosbuvir + Ledipasvir (GS-5885) + Ribavirin for 12 Weeks in Treatment-naïve and -experienced Hepatitis C Virus GT 1 Patients Archived 2013-03-23 at the Wayback Machine. Gane, Edward et al. 20th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. March 3–6, 2013. Abstract 41LB.
- CROI 2013: Sofosbuvir + Ledipasvir + Ribavirin Combo for HCV Produces 100% Sustained Response. Highleyman, Liz. HIVandHepatitis.com. 4 March 2013.
- "Gilead Files for U.S. Approval of Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir Fixed-Dose Combination Tablet for Genotype 1 Hepatitis C". Gilead Sciences. 10 February 2014.
- "U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approves Gilead's Harvoni (Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir), the First Once-Daily Single Tablet Regimen for the Treatment of Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C". 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Afdhal, N; Zeuzem, S; Kwo, P; Chojkier, M; Gitlin, N; Puoti, M; Romero-Gomez, M; Zarski, J. P.; Agarwal, K; Buggisch, P; Foster, G. R.; Bräu, N; Buti, M; Jacobson, I. M.; Subramanian, G. M.; Ding, X; Mo, H; Yang, J. C.; Pang, P. S.; Symonds, W. T.; McHutchison, J. G.; Muir, A. J.; Mangia, A; Marcellin, P; Ion-1, Investigators (2014). "Ledipasvir and sofosbuvir for untreated HCV genotype 1 infection". New England Journal of Medicine. 370 (20): 1889–98. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1402454. PMID 24725239.