Lednice

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Lednice
Town square
Town square
Flag of Lednice
Coat of arms of Lednice
Lednice is located in Czech Republic
Lednice
Lednice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 48°47′59″N 16°48′12″E / 48.79972°N 16.80333°E / 48.79972; 16.80333Coordinates: 48°47′59″N 16°48′12″E / 48.79972°N 16.80333°E / 48.79972; 16.80333
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Moravian
DistrictBřeclav
First mentioned1222
Government
 • MayorLibor Kabát
Area
 • Total31.27 km2 (12.07 sq mi)
Elevation
173 m (568 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total2,272
 • Density73/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
691 44
Websitewww.lednice.cz
Official nameLednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape
Criteriai, ii, iv
Reference763
Inscription1996 (20th Session)

Lednice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlɛdɲɪtsɛ]; German: Eisgrub) is a municipality and village in Břeclav District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,300 inhabitants. It is known as part of Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape, an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Administrative parts[edit]

Village of Nejdek is an administrative part of Lednice.

History[edit]

The first written mention of Lednice is from 1222 as a property of Sirotek family under its Latin name Izgruobi. In the mid-13th century it was passed into the hands of the House of Liechtenstein and its fortunes had been tied inseparably to those of that noble family.[2]

Historic population[edit]

Census year Population Ethnicity of inhabitants[3]
German Czechs other
1793 1,648
1836 1,954
1869 2,061
1880 2,387 2,182 158 47
1890 2,280 2,072 176 32
1900 2,377 2,246 99 32
1910 2,395 2,204 168 23
1921 2,501 1,828 522 134
1930 2,441 1,704 628 109
1939 2,103
Lednice Palace

Sights[edit]

In 1996 the Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an exceptional example of the designed landscape that evolved in the Enlightenment and afterwards under the care of a single family."[4] Lednice contains a palace and the second largest castle park in the country, which covers 170 km2 (66 sq mi).[5]

The palace of Lednice began its life as a Renaissance villa; in the 17th century it became a summer residence of the ruling Princes of Liechtenstein. The estate house, designed and furbished by baroque architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Domenico Martinelli, and Anton Johan Ospel, proclaimed rural luxury on the grandest scale. In 1846–58 it was extensively rebuilt in a Neo-Gothic style under the supervision of Georg Wingelmüller.[2]

The surrounding park is laid out in an English garden style and contains a range of Romantic follies by Joseph Hardtmuth, including the artificial ruins of a medieval castle on the bank of the Thaya River (1801) and a solitary sixty-metre minaret, reputedly the tallest outside the Muslim world at the time of its construction (1797–1804).

Economy[edit]

Lednice lies in the Mikulovská wine region and is known for its wine production.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Historie". lednice.cz (in Czech). Obec Lednice. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  3. ^ Historický místopis Moravy a Slezska v letech 1848–1960, vol.9. 1984
  4. ^ "Decision: CONF 201 VIII.C; Inscription: The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape (Czech Republic)". unesco.org. UNESCO. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Lednický park". turistika.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 30 September 2020.

External links[edit]