Lednice

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Lednice
Village
Lednice Palace
Lednice Palace
Flag of Lednice
Flag
Coat of arms of Lednice
Coat of arms
Lednice is located in Czech Republic
Lednice
Lednice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 48°47′59″N 16°48′12″E / 48.79972°N 16.80333°E / 48.79972; 16.80333Coordinates: 48°47′59″N 16°48′12″E / 48.79972°N 16.80333°E / 48.79972; 16.80333
CountryCzech Republic
RegionSouth Moravia
DistrictBřeclav
First mentioned1212
Government
 • MayorLibor Kabát
Area
 • Total31.27 km2 (12.07 sq mi)
Elevation
173 m (568 ft)
Population
(As of 1 January 2012)
 • Total2,320
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Postal code
691 44
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameLednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape
Criteriai, ii, iv
Reference763
Inscription1996 (20th Session)

Lednice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlɛdɲɪtsɛ]; German: Eisgrub) is a village in South Moravia in the Czech Republic. In 1996 it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List (together with the twin manor of Valtice) as "an exceptional example of the designed landscape that evolved in the Enlightenment and afterwards under the care of a single family." It contains a palace and the largest park in the country, which covers 200 km2 (77 sq mi).

Lednice – 1980

Since Lednice/Eisgrub first passed into the hands of the House of Liechtenstein in the mid-13th century, its fortunes had been tied inseparably to those of that noble family. The palace of Lednice began its life as a Renaissance villa; in the 17th century it became a summer residence of the ruling Princes of Liechtenstein. The estate house – designed and furbished by baroque architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Domenico Martinelli, and Anton Johan Ospel – proclaimed rural luxury on the grandest scale. In 1846–58 it was extensively rebuilt in a Neo-Gothic style under the supervision of Georg Wingelmüller.

The surrounding park is laid out in an English garden style and contains a range of Romantic follies by Joseph Hardtmuth, including the artificial ruins of a medieval castle on the bank of the Thaya/Dyje River (1801) and a solitary sixty-metre minaret, reputedly the tallest outside the Muslim world at the time of its construction (1797–1804).

Population development[edit]

Census year Population Ethnicity of inhabitants
German Czechs other
1793 1648
1836 1954
1869 2061
1880 2387 2182 158 47
1890 2280 2072 176 32
1900 2377 2246 99 32
1910 2395 2204 168 23
1921 2501 1828 522 134
1930 2441 1704 628 109
1939 2103

[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Historický místopis Moravy a Slezska v letech 1848–1960, sv.9. 1984