Lednice

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Lednice
Town square
Town square
Flag of Lednice
Coat of arms of Lednice
Lednice is located in Czech Republic
Lednice
Lednice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 48°47′59″N 16°48′12″E / 48.79972°N 16.80333°E / 48.79972; 16.80333Coordinates: 48°47′59″N 16°48′12″E / 48.79972°N 16.80333°E / 48.79972; 16.80333
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Moravian
DistrictBřeclav
First mentioned1222
Government
 • MayorLibor Kabát
Area
 • Total31.27 km2 (12.07 sq mi)
Elevation
173 m (568 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,145
 • Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
691 44
Websitewww.lednice.cz
Official nameLednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape
Criteriai, ii, iv
Reference763
Inscription1996 (20th Session)

Lednice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlɛdɲɪtsɛ]; German: Eisgrub) is a municipality and village in Břeclav District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,100 inhabitants. It is known as part of Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Administrative parts[edit]

The village of Nejdek is an administrative part of Lednice.

History[edit]

The first written mention of Lednice is from 1222 under its Latin name Izgruobi, as a property of the Sirotek family. In the mid-13th century it was passed into the hands of the House of Liechtenstein and its fortunes had been tied inseparably to the members of this noble family.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18692,335—    
18802,670+14.3%
18902,561−4.1%
19002,702+5.5%
19102,731+1.1%
YearPop.±%
19212,830+3.6%
19302,791−1.4%
19501,952−30.1%
19612,012+3.1%
19701,994−0.9%
YearPop.±%
19802,291+14.9%
19912,364+3.2%
20012,356−0.3%
20112,242−4.8%
20212,071−7.6%
Source: Censuses[3][4]
Lednice Palace

Sights[edit]

In 1996 the Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an exceptional example of the designed landscape that evolved in the Enlightenment and afterwards under the care of a single family."[5] Lednice contains a palace and the second largest castle park in the country, which covers 170 km2 (66 sq mi).[6]

The palace of Lednice was originally a Renaissance villa. In the 17th century it became a summer residence of the ruling Princes of Liechtenstein. The estate house, designed and furbished by baroque architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Domenico Martinelli, and Anton Johan Ospel, proclaimed rural luxury on the grandest scale. In 1846–58 it was extensively rebuilt in the neo-Gothic style under the supervision of Georg Wingelmüller.[2]

The surrounding park is laid out in an English garden style and contains a range of Romantic follies by Joseph Hardtmuth, including the solitary 60 metres (200 ft) high minaret from 1802, which is the tallest outside the Muslim world.[7]

Economy[edit]

Lednice lies in the Mikulovská wine subregion and is known for its wine production.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 29 April 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Historie" (in Czech). Obec Lednice. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Břeclav" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 21 December 2015. pp. 3–4.
  4. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 27 March 2021.
  5. ^ "Decision: CONF 201 VIII.C; Inscription: The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape (Czech Republic)". unesco.org. UNESCO. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Lednický park". turistika.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Lednický minaret je se svými šedesáti metry nejvyšší mimo islámské země" (in Czech). Novinky.cz. 31 January 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2021.

External links[edit]