Leduc, Alberta

Coordinates: 53°15′34″N 113°32′57″W / 53.25944°N 113.54917°W / 53.25944; -113.54917
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Leduc
City
City of Leduc
Leduc Grain Elevator
Leduc Grain Elevator
Flag of Leduc
Coat of arms of Leduc
Official logo of Leduc
Motto(s): 
Integritas Unitas Firmitas  (Latin)
"Integrity, Unity, Strength"
City boundaries
City boundaries
Leduc is located in Alberta
Leduc
Leduc
Location in Alberta
Leduc is located in Canada
Leduc
Leduc
Location in Canada
Leduc is located in Leduc County
Leduc
Leduc
Location in Leduc County
Coordinates: 53°15′34″N 113°32′57″W / 53.25944°N 113.54917°W / 53.25944; -113.54917
CountryCanada
ProvinceAlberta
RegionEdmonton Metropolitan Region
Municipal districtLeduc County
Incorporated[1] 
 • VillageDecember 15, 1899
 • TownDecember 15, 1906
 • CitySeptember 1, 1983
Government
 • MayorBob Young
 • Governing body
Leduc City Council
  • Beverly Beckett
  • Glen Finstad
  • William Cedric Hamilton
  • Lars Sean Hansen
  • Ryan Pollard
  • Laura M. Tillack
 • ManagerDerek Prohar, MMV, MSM, CD
 • MPMike Lake
 • MLABrandon Lunty
Area
 (2021)[3]
 • Land42.25 km2 (16.31 sq mi)
Elevation730 m (2,400 ft)
Population
 (2021)[3]
 • Total34,094
 • Density806.9/km2 (2,090/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2019)
33,032[5]
 • Estimate (2020)
34,216[6]
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)780, 587, 825, 368
Highways
RailwaysCanadian Pacific Kansas City
Public transitLeduc Transit
Websitewww.leduc.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Leduc (/ləˈdk/ lə-DEWK) is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. It is 33 km (21 mi) south of the provincial capital of Edmonton and is part of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region.

History[edit]

Leduc was established in 1891 by Robert Telford, a settler who had bought land near a lake which would later bear his name. It was on that piece of land where the new settlement would take root. Telford established a stopping place for the stagecoach line that in 1889 connected Calgary to Edmonton. It became known as Telford's Place. Telford previously served as an officer for the North-West Mounted Police, and later became Leduc's first postmaster, first general merchantman, and first justice of the peace. He was also elected to serve as Leduc's first Member of the Alberta Legislature (MLA) in 1905.

The establishment of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway, later acquired by the Canadian Pacific Railway, opened the region to settlement. The first train stopped at Leduc in July 1891.

Originally there were two versions to describe how Leduc got its name. In fact both accounts are true. In April 1886 when a settler (McKinley) setting up a telegraph office needed a name for the new station and decided that it would be named after the first person who came through the door of the telegraph office. That person was Father Hippolyte Leduc, a priest who had served the area since 1867. Five years later, in 1891, the Minister of the Interior and Superintendent of Indian Affairs, who had been Lieutenant-Governor of the North-West Territories, Edgar Dewdney (1835–1916), was given a list of names, that had been provided to the railroad by Father Lacombe, decided that Telford Place should be renamed at the time the railway terminal was being established. Father Leduc's name was on the list and since the telegraph station was already called Leduc Dewdney saw no reason why not to use Leduc's name for the new railroad station and the hamlet that was growing alongside.

Leduc was incorporated as a village in 1899, and became a town in 1906. It became a city in 1983; by that time its population had reached 12,000.

The town continued to grow quietly over the decades and Alberta's historical oil strike on February 13, 1947, occurred near the town at the Leduc No. 1 oil well.[7]

Geography[edit]

Leduc has a wide variety of parks and sports amenities, and has more than 35 km (21.7 mi) of multiuse pathways.[8] On the east end of the city lies Telford Lake, and just to the east is Saunders Lake.

  • Alexandra Park Ponds
  • Coady Lake
  • Leduc Reservoir
  • Telford Lake
  • West Point Lake

Demographics[edit]

Federal census
population history
YearPop.±%
1901112—    
1906391+249.1%
1911523+33.8%
1916584+11.7%
1921756+29.5%
1926832+10.1%
1931900+8.2%
1936926+2.9%
1941871−5.9%
1946920+5.6%
19511,842+100.2%
19562,008+9.0%
19612,356+17.3%
19662,856+21.2%
19714,000+40.1%
19768,576+114.4%
198112,471+45.4%
198613,126+5.3%
199113,970+6.4%
199614,305+2.4%
200115,032+5.1%
200616,967+12.9%
201124,279+43.1%
201629,993+23.5%
Source: Statistics Canada
[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]
[20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Leduc had a population of 34,094 living in 12,964 of its 13,507 total private dwellings, a change of 13.7% from its 2016 population of 29,993. With a land area of 42.25 km2 (16.31 sq mi), it had a population density of 807.0/km2 (2,090.0/sq mi) in 2021.[3]

The population of the City of Leduc according to its 2019 municipal census is 33,032,[5] a change of 1.8% from its 2018 municipal census population of 32,448.[32]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Leduc had a population of 29,993 living in 11,319 of its 12,264 total private dwellings, an increase of 23.4% from its 2011 population of 24,304. With a land area of 42.44 km2 (16.39 sq mi), it had a population density of 706.7/km2 (1,830.4/sq mi) in 2016.[31] Results from the 2017 Leduc Census revealed a new population count of 31,130, a growth rate of two percent over 2016.[33]

Ethnicity[edit]

Panethnic groups in the City of Leduc (2001−2021)
Panethnic group 2021[34] 2016[35] 2011[36] 2006[37] 2001[38]
Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. %
European[a] 27,040 80.33% 25,185 84.94% 21,490 89.21% 15,905 94.79% 14,030 94.99%
Indigenous 2,345 6.97% 1,615 5.45% 1,140 4.73% 500 2.98% 460 3.11%
Southeast Asian[b] 2,065 6.13% 1,275 4.3% 600 2.49% 140 0.83% 40 0.27%
South Asian 680 2.02% 450 1.52% 265 1.1% 65 0.39% 15 0.1%
African 635 1.89% 570 1.92% 280 1.16% 70 0.42% 155 1.05%
Latin American 340 1.01% 70 0.24% 10 0.04% 0 0% 0 0%
East Asian[c] 250 0.74% 240 0.81% 140 0.58% 60 0.36% 30 0.2%
Middle Eastern[d] 125 0.37% 210 0.71% 85 0.35% 35 0.21% 40 0.27%
Other/multiracial[e] 170 0.51% 25 0.08% 50 0.21% 0 0% 10 0.07%
Total responses 33,660 98.73% 29,650 98.86% 24,090 99.12% 16,780 98.9% 14,770 98.26%
Total population 34,094 100% 29,993 100% 24,304 100% 16,967 100% 15,032 100%
Note: Totals greater than 100% due to multiple origin responses

Economy[edit]

Aerial view of Leduc on a foggy morning

The City of Leduc is a founding member of the Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association, an economic development partnership that markets Alberta's International Region[39] in proximity to the Edmonton International Airport.[40] The city forms part of this international transportation and economic region. It is on the CANAMEX Trade Corridor at the intersection of two Canadian Pacific Kansas City lines and is adjacent to the Edmonton International Airport. These transportation links support the petrochemical activities in Alberta's Industrial Heartland, the Fort McMurray area, and other economic hubs.

The oil and gas industry has long been the base of Leduc's economy. The Leduc Business Park, in the northern portion of the city, contains more than 1,400 businesses.[41] The Nisku Industrial Park, located to the north within Leduc County, also contains many businesses.

Arts and culture[edit]

Leduc is home to the Maclab Centre for the Performing Arts, a preeminent performing arts facility with a 460-seat theatre.

In fall 2009, the Leduc Recreation Centre was opened. The 309,000 sq ft (28,700 m2) facility includes three NHL-sized arenas, an aquatic centre, an 8 sheet curling rink, twin multi use field houses, a 9,000 sq ft (840 m2) fitness center and 4 lane running track, restaurants, child care facilities, several conference rooms, and the outreach learning centre. In 2022, Curling Stadium Leduc opened inside the Leduc Curling Club, offering live broadcasts from all games played.[42]

Adjacent to the LRC is William F. Lede park. The 200 acre park has a variety of amenities including; 7 baseball diamonds, beach volleyball courts, a soccer pitch, twin rugby fields and clubhouse, 2 U-12 soccer fields, community gardens, a 40 acre off-leash dog park as well as access to 8 km of multi-way trails looping around Telford Lake. Neighbouring the rugby house is the Leduc Boat Club, in 2004 the club developed Telford Lake for rowing sports as it hosted the 2005 World Masters Games.

Media[edit]

Local newspaper, the Leduc Representative (the Leduc Rep), and the regional newspaper, the Leduc-Wetaskiwin Pipestone Flyer, serve Leduc.

Leduc's first FM radio station, CJLD-FM, began in 2013 and is known on-air as "93.1 The One".

An internet-based community radio station, branded "Leduc Radio" since 2008, also serves the city.

Due to its proximity to Edmonton, all major Edmonton media (print, radio and television) also serve Leduc and its surrounding area.

Emergency services[edit]

The City of Leduc has its own fire services and emergency management departments.[43] Led currently by fire chief and director of emergency management Bryan Singleton,[1][44] the Fire Services Department comprises full and part-time members providing fire, ambulance and patient transportation services to the city and portions of Leduc County to the west, south and east.[45]

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) provide police services, supported by the city's Enforcement Services Department, which consists of Peace Officers appointed by the Alberta Solicitor General.[46]

Climate[edit]

Leduc experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) closely bordering on a subarctic climate (Dfc).[47] Summers are typically warm and rainy with cool nights. Winters are typically long, very cold, and very dry with moderate snowfall. Precipitation usually peaks during July, which is also the sunniest month.

Climate data for Leduc-Edmonton (Edmonton International Airport)
WMO ID: 71123; coordinates 53°19′N 113°35′W / 53.317°N 113.583°W / 53.317; -113.583 (Edmonton International Airport); elevation: 723.3 m (2,373 ft); 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1959–2020
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 9.2 12.8 23.5 30.0 33.6 37.3 43.0 38.7 33.9 28.4 20.8 14.6 43.0
Record high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
13.3
(55.9)
24.2
(75.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.8
(91.0)
34.4
(93.9)
35.0
(95.0)
35.6
(96.1)
34.9
(94.8)
29.1
(84.4)
18.8
(65.8)
15.9
(60.6)
35.6
(96.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−4.1
(24.6)
0.5
(32.9)
10.1
(50.2)
17.6
(63.7)
20.7
(69.3)
23.0
(73.4)
22.4
(72.3)
17.8
(64.0)
10.0
(50.0)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
8.9
(48.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.3
(9.9)
−10.4
(13.3)
−5.3
(22.5)
3.5
(38.3)
10.1
(50.2)
14.1
(57.4)
16.2
(61.2)
15.1
(59.2)
10.3
(50.5)
3.4
(38.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
−11.0
(12.2)
2.4
(36.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −18.1
(−0.6)
−16.6
(2.1)
−11.2
(11.8)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.7
(36.9)
7.5
(45.5)
9.4
(48.9)
7.8
(46.0)
2.8
(37.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−16.7
(1.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
Record low °C (°F) −48.3
(−54.9)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−42.7
(−44.9)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−11.6
(11.1)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−3.8
(25.2)
−9.6
(14.7)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−36.4
(−33.5)
−46.1
(−51.0)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Record low wind chill −61 −54 −51 −34 −16 −7 −4 −6 −14 −35 −51 −58 −61
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.5
(0.85)
12.4
(0.49)
17.3
(0.68)
29.8
(1.17)
47.0
(1.85)
74.7
(2.94)
87.2
(3.43)
52.6
(2.07)
34.7
(1.37)
22.3
(0.88)
20.0
(0.79)
14.6
(0.57)
434.1
(17.09)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.4
(0.06)
0.5
(0.02)
0.9
(0.04)
14.9
(0.59)
42.9
(1.69)
72.7
(2.86)
95.6
(3.76)
54.9
(2.16)
40.3
(1.59)
12.6
(0.50)
1.6
(0.06)
0.8
(0.03)
339.1
(13.36)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 21.7
(8.5)
13.4
(5.3)
17.5
(6.9)
14.4
(5.7)
6.5
(2.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.0)
1.1
(0.4)
10.4
(4.1)
17.3
(6.8)
15.9
(6.3)
118.3
(46.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 10.9 8.2 9.8 8.9 11.4 14.7 16.2 12.1 10.5 10.2 10.1 9.8 132.8
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 1.1 0.6 1.3 5.3 10.7 13.8 14.7 11.7 9.7 5.7 1.6 0.67 76.87
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 9.9 8.3 8.4 4.1 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.03 0.5 3.3 7.8 9.3 53.23
Average relative humidity (%) 68.0 65.8 62.4 45.3 41.2 49.4 54.3 52.4 49.0 51.7 67.4 68.8 56.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 101.1 127.0 174.7 233.3 271.0 275.9 302.2 279.4 196.1 160.4 97.2 92.0 2,310.3
Percent possible sunshine 40.1 45.9 47.6 55.7 55.1 54.4 59.3 61.0 51.3 48.7 37.3 39.0 49.6
Source: Environment Canada[48](rain/rain days, snow/snow days, humidex, wind chill, humidity 1981–2010)[49]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Statistic includes all persons that did not make up part of a visible minority or an indigenous identity.
  2. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Filipino" and "Southeast Asian" under visible minority section on census.
  3. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Chinese", "Korean", and "Japanese" under visible minority section on census.
  4. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "West Asian" and "Arab" under visible minority section on census.
  5. ^ Statistic includes total responses of "Visible minority, n.i.e." and "Multiple visible minorities" under visible minority section on census.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]