May 27, 1942 |
East Los Angeles, California
|Department||Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department|
|Years of service||1965–2014|
|Rank||Sworn in as a deputy - 1965
Sergeant - 1970
Lieutenant - 1975
Captain - 1981
Commander - 1987
Chief Deputy - 1992
Sheriff - 1998
Leroy David "Lee" Baca (born May 27, 1942) is a convicted federal felon and former Sheriff of Los Angeles County, California. In 2016, Baca plead guilty to federal charges of lying during an investigation into civil rights violations at the county jail.
Baca was elected Los Angeles County's 30th sheriff against his mentor Sherman Block, who had died in office days prior to the election but remained on the ballot. He was sworn in on December 7, 1998.
He was re-elected to a fourth term in 2010. He has been criticized for proposing a half-percent sales tax increase in 2004 to hire more deputy sheriffs, placing friends on the payroll, taking of gifts and for releasing inmates from the Los Angeles County Jail.
Early life and career
Baca's mother was a seamstress born in Michoacán and then brought to the U.S. illegally when she was a year old. Lee Baca was born in East Los Angeles and graduated from Benjamin Franklin High School, located in the Highland Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, in 1960 and later from East Los Angeles College. In 1964, Baca joined the United States Marine Corps Reserve.
On August 23, 1965, Baca was sworn in as a deputy sheriff trainee of the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department. Baca began his career in street patrol, custody, and recruitment and was a staff instructor at the Sheriff's Academy. In 1981, Baca became captain of the Norwalk, California sheriff station. On January 23, 1992, Sheriff Sherman Block promoted Baca to the rank of chief deputy.
Baca received his bachelor's degree in 1971 from California State University, Los Angeles  and a Master of Public Administration in 1973 and a Doctorate of Public Administration in 1993 from the University of Southern California School of Policy, Planning, and Development.
He opposed the California ban on shark fins. Baca is a Republican who opposed California Proposition 8. Baca supported Secure Communities, a program by the Department of Homeland Security in which the federal government collaborates with local law enforcement to detain and deport illegal immigrants.
Early release of county jail inmates
On November 9, 2006, Baca and Los Angeles District Attorney Steve Cooley issued a press release regarding their joint policy on early release, which requires all jail inmates to serve at least 25 percent of their sentence before becoming eligible for early release. In the press release, Baca said, "I also want to thank District Attorney Steve Cooley for his most valuable input on this matter. This new policy will move us forward to where one day all inmates will serve the entire time required." Also in the press release, Cooley said, "I commend Sheriff Baca for implementing this new policy". "This will assure that sentences imposed by the court will be carried out in a predictable and even-handed manner.The policy ends up being job security for the sherrifs. The policy was also applauded by then Redondo Beach City Attorney Michael W. Webb, who said, "Defendants will no longer be able to routinely turn down offers that involve alternative sentences such as Cal Trans or other forms of community service."
The ACLU has compiled an extensive report  documenting the virtually unprecedentedly high levels of prisoner abuse and concluding "The long-standing and pervasive culture of deputy hyper-violence in Los Angeles County jails — a culture apparently condoned at the highest levels — cries out for swift and thorough investigation and intervention by the federal government." The abuse includes rape of inmates by police officers. In early 2012, the ACLU filed suit to prevent Baca from continuing in his position.
On February 10, 2016, Baca pleaded guilty to a single count of lying during a federal investigation into civil rights violations at the county jail. The investigation into brutality and corruption by sheriff's deputies already resulted in convictions and guilty pleas by a number of lower-ranking officers, including a retired sheriff's captain. Baca pleaded guilty to "lying twice about his involvement in hiding a jail inmate from FBI investigators" and to knowing that his subordinates had threatened an FBI special agent investigating Baca's department. On April 6, 2016, his former Undersheriff, Paul Tanaka was convicted on conspiracy and obstruction of justice charges by a federal jury related to the same prison abuses.
Special reserves program
In 1999, Baca established a special reserves program. According to the Los Angeles Times, the program was designed to cater to celebrities, executives, star athletes and other "notable persons". Some members of the Sheriff's Department said they were worried that the program would be abused, particularly by those seeking a backdoor way to secure a concealed weapons permit in Los Angeles County.
Within a month of Baca swearing in his first new celebrity reserve deputies, one of his recruits, Scott Zacky, had been suspended and relieved of duty for brandishing a firearm in a confrontation outside his Bel-Air home. The program would eventually be suspended. Less than six months later, another member of the special celebrity reserve unit was indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of international money laundering. No well-known celebrities joined the program, and fewer than 20 little-known wealthy individuals actually participated. The program was "suspended" in November 2006.
After the July 28, 2006 arrest of Mel Gibson for drunk driving, the Los Angeles Sheriff Department initially told the press that Mel Gibson was arrested without incident or special treatment. Subsequent to this, the original arrest report was leaked to the media, which included controversial statements by Gibson. Prior to his arrest, Gibson filmed a PSA for Baca's relief committee dressed in a sheriff's uniform. Upon questioning by the Los Angeles Times about charges of celebrity favoritism, Baca denied that his department tried to cover up Gibson's behavior.
At the time, the Times reported that a civilian oversight committee had decided to investigate whether Gibson had received favorable treatment because of his celebrity status or his longtime friendship with Baca.
On June 3, 2007, celebrity Paris Hilton surrendered herself to the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department to serve a 45-day sentence as ordered by Superior Court Judge Michael T. Sauer. The 45 day sentence could be reduced to as few as 23 days for good behavior. She was placed in the Lynwood facility and separated from the general population for her safety.
Around 2 a.m. on June 7, 2007, Baca's department released Hilton after serving only 79 hours of her sentence. She was allowed to return home and her sentence was converted to 40 days of house arrest, amid rumors of a medical condition, which later emerged to be psychological.
The decision to convert her sentence was made by Baca without the consultation of either the presiding judge or the prosecuting city attorney. Further complicating the matter is the initial ruling in which the judge specifically said Hilton would not be allowed to use house arrest in lieu of jail. However, Superior Court spokesman Allan Parachini did acknowledge this is normally the purview of the sheriff saying, "Early release decisions are the province of the sheriff every day due to jail overcrowding, but not always".
The situation led the city attorney to file a petition suggesting that Baca should be held in contempt of court for his actions. Though the judge chose not to pursue any action against Baca, he did reverse the decision and returned Hilton to jail while reaffirming the original sentence length. The offer of Hilton's attorney, Richard Hutton, to brief the judge in private chambers on her condition was declined. No written evidence was produced during that court session.
Baca later described Hilton's medical condition as a deteriorating, life-threatening condition that left her speaking incoherently. Also, in testimony to LA County Supervisors, Baca stated that the department had called the judge prior to Hilton's release to seek the judge's assistance in obtaining from Paris Hilton's doctors what medications she was taking, so that County Jail doctors could administer the proper medications without dangerous side-effects to calm Hilton who had medical readings of great concern by jail physicians. Baca stated the judge tersely responded, "She's faking", and the judge abruptly hung up. This, according to Baca, left him little choice but to release Hilton with an ankle bracelet, considering she was a non-violent offender and her jail sentence for her infraction is unusual and excessive in LA County (usually "community service" sentence picking up trash along LA freeways) with his jails beyond capacity.
Baca is known for working with the Council on American–Islamic Relations (CAIR), a Muslim civil liberties advocacy organization. He has been praised and also drawn criticism for his actions in relation to the organization.
Plea Barging Denied
On 2016 July 18, a plea deal for ex-Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Baca, was rejected in the case of false statements in connection with a federal investigation into county jails. The judge said the prison time was insufficient. 
Lee Baca has two grown children from his first marriage and has been married to Carol Chiang since 1999. They are active in various community organizations, including the Los Angeles Chinese American Museum. They were given the Historymakers Award in 2004 for visionary actions.
- Paul Tanaka, Baca's Undersheriff, also convicted in relation to prison abuses.
- Baca family of New Mexico
- "Ex-L.A. County Sheriff Lee Baca pleads guilty in jail scandal" by Joel Rubin, Cindy Chang and Harriet Ryan, The LA Times, Feb. 10, 2016.
- Daunt, Tina (June 8, 2007). "Sheriff under fire, again, after ordering release of Paris Hilton". Boston Herald. Retrieved June 8, 2007.
- Blankstein, Andrew; Lloyd, Jonathan. "LA County Sheriff Baca to Retire at End of Month "on Own Terms"". NBC Los Angeles.
- "Downfall". Los Angeles Magazine. February 26, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2014.
- Stoltze, Frank (April 3, 2012). "LA County Sheriff Lee Baca is an intellectual under fire". Brand & Martinez. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "Leroy D. Baca, sheriff". Los Angeles Sheriff's Department. 2005. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Alumni List, Cal State website
- "Leroy D. Baca". USC Sol Price School of Public Policy. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Klein, Karin (September 28, 2011). "Shark fin ban: Yes, a distraction, Sheriff Baca". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Lee Baca: Republican Against 8". Republicans Against 8. October 24, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- Sheriff, D.A. Announce New Jail Early Release Policy Archived June 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Cruel and Usual Punishment: How a Savage Gang of Deputies Controls LA County Jails
- Frank Mendoza describes his ordeal
- NBC reports on ACLU lawsuit to remove Sheriff Baca
- Daunt, Tina (June 18, 1999). "Sheriff Offering a Badge and Gun to Celebrities". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "L.A. Sheriff's Unit Suffers a 2nd Arrest". Los Angeles Times. December 2, 1999. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "Mel Gibson LA Sheriff PSA on YouTube". YouTube. July 31, 2006. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Did Cops Cover Up Mel Gibson Tirade?". CBS News. February 11, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Gibson 'outburst' under spotlight". BBC News. July 31, 2006. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- Weiner, Allison Hope (August 1, 2006). "Mel Gibson: The Speed of Scandal". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Sheriff Baca: "This Lady Has Severe Problems"". TMZ. June 8, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2007.
- "Hilton Won't Be in Court". ABC. June 8, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2007.
- "Judge Orders Paris Hilton Back To Jail". CBS. June 7, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- "Judge orders Paris Hilton back to jail". MSNBC. June 8, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2007.
- Fleeman, Mike (June 9, 2007). "Paris Hilton: I Won't Fight My Sentence". People. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- Nelson, Jill (August 27, 2011). "CAIR's cops". World Magazine. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- Darsha, Philips (July 18, 2016). "Judge rejects plea deal for ex-LA sheriff Lee Baca in corruption case". ABC7.com. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- Domanick, Joe (March 11, 2001). "Lee Baca". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "Past Historymakers Honorees" (PDF). Chinese American Museum. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- Official biography
- Official announcement of John Scott's appointment to fill the remainder of Baca's term
|Los Angeles County Sheriff
1998 - 2014