Lee Stack

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Major General
Sir Lee Stack
Sir Oliver Lee Stack.jpg
Governor-General of Sudan
In office
1917 – 19 November 1924
Preceded by Reginald Wingate
Succeeded by Geoffrey Francis Archer
Personal details
Born 15 May 1868
Died 19 November 1924
Cairo, Egypt

Major General Sir Lee Oliver Fitzmaurice Stack GBE CMG (1868 – 19 November 1924) was a British army officer and Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.[1] On 19 November 1924, he was shot and assassinated while driving through Cairo.[2]

Early life[edit]

Born in Darjeeling India, Lee Stack was the son of the British Inspector-General of Police for Bengal. He was educated at Clifton College and Sandhurst Military Academy.


After service with the British Army, Major Lee Stack was seconded to the Egyptian Army in 1899. In addition to regimental appointments he served as Military Secretary to General Sir Reginald Wingate. Stack left the army in 1910 but took up the position of Civil Secretary of the Sudan in 1913, based in Khartoum. In 1917 he resumed a military role as Sirdar of the Egyptian Army, combining this appointment with that of Governor General of the Sudan. Stack's substantive British Army rank was that of Major General.


On 19 November 1924 Sir Lee Stack, accompanied by an aide de camp, was being driven from the Egyptian War Office in Cairo to his official residence. His car had halted in heavy traffic to give a tram car right of way when several Egyptian students grouped on the pavement fired a volley of revolver shots into the vehicle. Stack's driver, although injured, was able to accelerate the car away from the scene of the shooting and reach the nearby residence of the British High Commissioner to Egypt. The Sirdar himself suffered three wounds and died the next day.


The British responded with anger, demanding of the Egyptian government a public apology, an inquiry, suppression of demonstrations and payment of a large fine. Further, they demanded withdrawal of all Egyptian officers and Egyptian army units from the Sudan, an increase to the scope of an irrigation scheme in Gezira and laws to protect foreign investors in Egypt.[3]

Seven men convicted of involvement in the assassination were executed by hanging in 1925. Several were identified by a taxi driver whose vehicle they had commandeered to escape from the scene. The pistols used were identified through a pioneering instance of bullet examination by forensic science.

Sir Geoffrey Archer, formerly Governor of Uganda, took over as Governor-General of the Sudan in January 1925, the first time a civilian had held this office.[4]


  1. ^ Daly, M.W. (September 2004). "'Stack, Sir Lee Oliver Fitzmaurice (1868–1924)'". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36230. Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  2. ^ Chamberlain, Austen; Robert C. Self (1995). The Austen Chamberlain Diary Letters: The Correspondence of Sir Austen Chamberlain with His Sisters Hilda and Ida, 1916-1937. Cambridge University Press. p. 300. ISBN 0-521-55157-9. 
  3. ^ "EGYPT: Shots and Repercussions". Time Magazine. 1 December 1924. Retrieved 30 August 2011. 
  4. ^ Ibrahim, Hassan Ahmed (2004). Sayyid ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Mahdī: a study of neo-Mahdīsm in the Sudan, 1899-1956. BRILL. p. 92. ISBN 90-04-13854-4. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Reginald Wingate
Sirdar of the Egyptian Army
Succeeded by
Sir Charlton Spinks
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Reginald Wingate
Governor-General of the Sudan
Succeeded by
Sir Geoffrey Archer