Lee Van Cleef

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lee Van Cleef
Lee Van Cleef in Kansas City Confidential.jpg
Van Cleef in Kansas City Confidential (1952)
Born Clarence LeRoy Van Cleef, Jr.
(1925-01-09)January 9, 1925
Somerville, New Jersey, United States
Died December 16, 1989(1989-12-16) (aged 64)
Oxnard, California, United States
Cause of death Heart attack
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery
Hollywood Hills, California, United States
Occupation Actor
Years active 1952–1989
Spouse(s) Patsy Ruth (m. 1943; div. 1960)
Joan Drane (m. 1960; div. 1974)
Barbara Havelone (m. 1976)
Children 4
Military career
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1942–1946[1]
Rank Sonarman First Class (S01)
Battles/wars World War II

Clarence Leroy "Lee" Van Cleef, Jr. (January 9, 1925 – December 16, 1989), was an American actor whose sinister features overshadowed his acting skills and typecast him as a minor villain for a decade before he achieved stardom in Spaghetti Westerns such as The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Hatchet-faced with piercing eyes, he declined to have his hook nose altered to play a sympathetic character in his film debut, High Noon, and was relegated to a non-speaking outlaw as a result. Van Cleef had suffered serious injuries in a car crash, and had begun to lose interest in his apparently waning career by the time Sergio Leone gave him a major role in For a Few Dollars More. The film made him a box-office draw, especially in Europe.

Youth[edit]

Van Cleef was born on January 9, 1925 in Somerville, New Jersey, the son of Marion Levinia (née Van Fleet) and Clarence LeRoy Van Cleef. At age 17, he obtained his high school diploma early in his senior year in order to enlist in the United States Navy in September, 1942. After basic training and further training at the Naval Fleet Sound School, he was assigned to a submarine chaser and then to a minesweeper, USS Incredible, on which he worked as a sonarman.

The ship initially patrolled the Caribbean, then moved to the Mediterranean, participating in the landings in southern France. In January 1945, Incredible moved to the Black Sea, and performed sweeping duties out of the Soviet Navy base at Sevastopol, Crimea. Afterwards the ship performed air-sea rescue patrols in the Black Sea, before returning to Palermo, Sicily. By the time of his discharge in March 1946, he had achieved the rank of Sonarman First Class (SO1), and earned his mine sweeper patch. He had been awarded the Bronze Star and the Good Conduct Medal. By virtue of his deployments Van Cleef also qualified for the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal and American Campaign Medal and the World War II Victory Medal.[citation needed]

Van Cleef was a rare case of a person known to genuinely have heterochromatic eyes (that is to say, eyes of two different colors).[citation needed]

Career[edit]

After leaving the Navy, Van Cleef read for a part in Our Town at the Little Theater Group in Clinton, New Jersey. He was given the part.[which?] From there, he continued to meet with the group and audition for parts. The next biggest part was that of the boxer, Joe Pendleton, in the play Heaven Can Wait. During this time he was observed by visiting talent scouts who were impressed by Van Cleef's stage presence and delivery. One of these scouts later took him to New York City talent agent Maynard Morris of the MCA agency who then sent him to the Alvin Theater for an audition. The play was Mister Roberts.[citation needed]

During a performance of Mister Roberts in Los Angeles, he was noticed by film director Stanley Kramer who offered Van Cleef a role in his upcoming film High Noon. Kramer originally wanted Van Cleef for the role of the deputy Harvey Pell, but as he wanted Van Cleef to have his "distinctive nose" fixed, Van Cleef declined the role in favor of the part of the silent gunslinger Jack Colby. He was then cast mostly in villainous roles, due to his sharp cheeks and chin, piercing eyes and hawk-like nose,[citation needed] from the part of Tony Romano in Kansas City Confidential (1952), culminating 14 years later in Sergio Leone's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966).[2]

Aside from westerns and the science fiction films, three of his early major roles were in noir films, Kansas City Confidential (1952), Vice Squad (1953) and The Big Combo (1955). Van Cleef appeared six times between 1951 and 1955 on the children's syndicated western series The Adventures of Kit Carson, starring Bill Williams.[2] He was cast three times, including the role of Rocky Hatch in the episode "Greed Rides the Range" (1952), of another syndicated western series, The Range Rider. In 1952, he was cast in the episode "Formula for Fear" of the western aviation series Sky King. He appeared in episode 82 of the TV series The Lone Ranger in 1952. In 1954, Van Cleef appeared as Jesse James in the syndicated series, Stories of the Century.[2]

In 1955, he was cast twice on another syndicated western series, Annie Oakley. That same year, he guest-starred on the CBS western series, Brave Eagle. In 1955, he played one of the two villains in an episode of The Adventures of Champion the Wonder Horse. In 1958, he was cast as Ed Murdock, a rodeo performer trying to reclaim the title in the event at Madison Square Garden in New York City, on Richard Diamond, Private Detective.[3]

Van Cleef played different minor characters on four episodes of ABC's The Rifleman, with Chuck Connors, between 1959 and 1962, and twice on ABC's Tombstone Territory. In 1958, he was cast as Deputy Sid Carver in the episode "The Great Stagecoach Robbery" of another syndicated western series, Frontier Doctor, starring Rex Allen. Van Cleef appeared in 1959 as Luke Clagg in the episode "Strange Request" of the NBC western series Riverboat.

Van Cleef played a sentry on an episode of the ABC sitcom The Real McCoys, with Walter Brennan. Van Cleef was cast with Pippa Scott and again with Chuck Connors in the 1960 episode "Trial by Fear" of the CBS anthology series The DuPont Show with June Allyson. A young Van Cleef also made an appearance on The Andy Griffith Show and as Frank Diamond in The Untouchables, in an episode entitled "The Unhired Assassin". He also appeared in an episode of the ABC/Warner Brothers western series The Alaskans.[2]

Van Cleef guest-starred on the CBS western series Have Gun - Will Travel, on the ABC/WB series Colt .45, on the NBC western series Cimarron City and Laramie, and on Rod Cameron's syndicated crime dramas City Detective and State Trooper. He guest-starred in an episode of John Bromfield's syndicated crime drama Sheriff of Cochise. Van Cleef starred as minor villains and henchmen in various westerns, including The Tin Star and Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.[2]

In 1958, a severe car crash nearly cost Van Cleef his life and career. A resulting knee injury made his physicians think that he would never ride a horse again. This injury plagued Van Cleef for the rest of his life and caused him great pain. His recovery was long and arduous and halted his acting for a time. He then began a business in interior decoration with second wife Joan, as well as pursuing his talent for painting, primarily of sea and landscapes.[citation needed]

In 1960, he appeared as a villainous swindler in the Bonanza episode, "The Bloodline" (December 31, 1960) and also made an appearance on Gunsmoke. In 1961, he played a role on episode 7 ("The Grave") of the third season of The Twilight Zone. He played a villainous henchman of Lee Marvin's title character in the 1962 John Ford movie The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance. In 1963, he appeared on Perry Mason (episode: "The Case of the Golden Oranges"). That same year, he appeared in "The Day of the Misfits" on The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters.

In 1965, the actor's career underwent a dramatic change when Sergio Leone cast Van Cleef, whose career was still in the doldrums, as one of the two protagonists, alongside Clint Eastwood, in For a Few Dollars More.[2] Leone then chose Van Cleef to appear again with Eastwood, this time as the primary villain Angel Eyes, in the now seminal western The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). With his roles in Leone's films, Van Cleef became a major star of Spaghetti Westerns, playing central, and often surprisingly heroic, roles in films such as Death Rides a Horse, Day of Anger, The Big Gundown, The Sabata Trilogy, and The Grand Duel. He co-starred with Jim Brown in an Italian-American co-production, Take a Hard Ride (1975).

Van Cleef would later have a supporting role in John Carpenter's cult film Escape from New York (1981). In 1984, Van Cleef was cast as a ninja master in the NBC adventure series The Master, but it was canceled after thirteen episodes. In all, he is credited with 90 movie roles and 109 other television appearances over a 38-year span.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Van Cleef was married three times. He and his first wife, Patsy Ruth, were married from 1943 until their divorce in 1960. Later that year, he married his second wife, Joan Drane. He and Drane divorced in 1974. Two years later, he married his third wife, Barbara Havelone, to whom he remained married until his death in 1989. He had four children.[2]

Death[edit]

Grave of Lee Van Cleef, at Forest Lawn Hollywood Hills

Despite suffering from heart disease from the late 1970s and having a pacemaker installed in the early 1980s, Van Cleef continued to work in films until his death on December 16, 1989, at age 64. He collapsed in his home in Oxnard, California, from a heart attack. Throat cancer was listed as a secondary cause of death.[4] Van Cleef is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, Hollywood Hills, California, with an inscription on his gravestone referring to his many "heavy" roles: BEST OF THE BAD.

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Director Notes
1952 High Noon Jack Colby Fred Zinnemann with Gary Cooper and Grace Kelly
Untamed Frontier Dave Chittun Hugo Fregonese with Joseph Cotten and Shelley Winters
Kansas City Confidential Tony Romano Phil Karlson
1953 The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms Corp. Stone Eugène Lourié
The Lawless Breed Dirk Hanley Raoul Walsh with Rock Hudson
The Bandits of Corsica Nerva Ray Nazarro
White Lightning Brutus Allen Edward Bernds
Arena Smitty Richard Fleischer
Vice Squad Pete Monte Arnold Laven with Edward G. Robinson
From Here to Eternity Fred Zinnemann
Jack Slade Bolt Mackay Harold D. Schuster
The Nebraskan Private Reno Benton Fred F. Sears
Tumbleweed Marv Nathan Juran with Audie Murphy
1954 Gypsy Colt Hank Andrew Marton
Arrow in the Dust Tilotson Henchman Lesley Selander with Sterling Hayden
Rails Into Laramie Ace Winton Jesse Hibbs
The Yellow Tomahawk Fire Knife Lesley Selander
Princess of the Nile Hakar Harmon Jones Uncredited bit part
The Desperado The Crayton twins, Paul/Buck Thomas Carr
Dawn at Socorro Earl Ferris George Sherman
1955 Treasure of Ruby Hills Frank Emmett Frank McDonald
Ten Wanted Men Al Drucker H. Bruce Humberstone with Randolph Scott
The Naked Street Harry Goldish Maxwell Shane with Anthony Quinn and Anne Bancroft; uncredited
Man Without a Star Uncredited bit part
I Cover the Underworld Flash Logan R. G. Springsteen
The Road to Denver Pecos Larry Joseph Kane
A Man Alone Clanton Ray Milland with Ray Milland
The Vanishing American Jay Lord Joseph Kane
The Conqueror Chepei Dick Powell with John Wayne and Susan Hayward
The Big Combo Fante Joseph H. Lewis with Cornel Wilde
1956 It Conquered the World Dr. Tom Anderson Roger Corman with Peter Graves
Tribute to a Bad Man Fat Jones Robert Wise with James Cagney
Pardners Gus Norman Taurog with Jerry Lewis and Dean Martin
Accused of Murder Police Sgt. Emmett Lackey Joseph Kane
1957 The Lonely Man Faro Henry Levin with Jack Palance and Anthony Perkins
The Tin Star Ed McGaffey Anthony Mann with Henry Fonda and Anthony Perkins
The Quiet Gun Doug Sadler William F. Claxton
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral Ed Bailey John Sturges with Kirk Douglas and Burt Lancaster
China Gate Maj. Cham Samuel Fuller with Nat King Cole
The Badge of Marshal Brennan Shad Donaphin Albert C. Gannaway
The Last Stagecoach West Steve Margolies Joseph Kane
Joe Dakota Adam Grant Richard Bartlett
Gun Battle of Monterey Kirby Sidney Franklin, Jr.
Carl K. Hittleman
with Sterling Hayden
Raiders of Old California Sgt. Damon Pardee Albert C. Gannaway
1958 Day of the Bad Man Jake Hayes Harry Keller with Fred MacMurray
The Bravados Alfonso Parral Henry King with Gregory Peck
The Young Lions 1st Sgt. Rickett Edward Dmytryk with Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift and Dean Martin
Machete Miguel Kurt Neumann
1959 Guns, Girls, and Gangsters Mike Benett Edward L. Cahn with Mamie Van Doren
1960 Ride Lonesome Frank Budd Boetticher with Randolph Scott
1961 Posse from Hell Leo Herbert Coleman with Audie Murphy
1962 The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Reese John Ford with James Stewart, John Wayne and Lee Marvin
How the West Was Won River Pirate John Ford
Henry Hathaway
George Marshall
with James Stewart, Carroll Baker, John Wayne and Eli Wallach; Uncredited
1965 For a Few Dollars More Col. Douglas Mortimer Sergio Leone with Clint Eastwood and Klaus Kinski
1966 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly "Angel Eyes"/Sentenza; "The Bad" Sergio Leone with Clint Eastwood and Eli Wallach
1967 The Big Gundown Jonathan Corbett Sergio Sollima with Tomas Milian
Death Rides a Horse Ryan Giulio Petroni with John Phillip Law
Day of Anger Frank Talby Tonino Valerii with Giuliano Gemma
1968 Beyond the Law Billy Joe Cudlip Giorgio Stegani
Commandos MSgt. Sullivan Armando Crispino
1970 Sabata Sabata Gianfranco Parolini
Barquero Travis Gordon Douglas with Warren Oates
El Condor Jaroo John Guillermin with Jim Brown
1971 Captain Apache Capt. Apache Alexander Singer with Carroll Baker and Stuart Whitman
Return of Sabata Sabata Gianfranco Parolini
1972 The Grand Duel Sheriff Clayton Giancarlo Santi Aka The Big Showdown and Storm Rider
Bad Man's River Roy King Eugenio Martín with Gina Lollobrigida and James Mason
The Magnificent Seven Ride Chris Adams George McCowan
1973 Mean Frank and Crazy Tony Frankie Diomede Michele Lupo with Jean Rochefort
1974 The Stranger and the Gunfighter Dakota Antonio Margheriti Aka Blood Money
1975 Take a Hard Ride Kiefer Antonio Margheriti with Jim Brown
1976 God's Gun Father John/Lewis Gianfranco Parolini with Jack Palance
1977 Kid Vengeance (it) McClain Joseph Manduke with Jim Brown
Quel pomeriggio maledetto (it) Harry Chapman Mario Siciliano
1978 The Rip-Off Chris Antonio Margheriti Aka The Squeeze
1980 The Octagon McCarn Eric Karson with Chuck Norris
1981 Escape from New York Bob Hauk John Carpenter with Kurt Russell, Donald Pleasence and Ernest Borgnine
1983 Goma-2 (it) Julot José Antonio de la Loma (es)
1984 Code Name: Wild Geese China Antonio Margheriti with Klaus Kinski and Ernest Borgnine
1985 Jungle Raiders Warren Antonio Margheriti
1986 Armed Response Burt Roth Fred Olen Ray with David Carradine
1988 Der Commander (de) Col. Mazzarini Antonio Margheriti with Donald Pleasence
1989 Speed Zone aka Cannonball Fever Rock-Skipping Grandfather Jim Drake with John Candy, Brooke Shields and Peter Boyle
Thieves of Fortune Sergio Danielo Christophero Michael MacCarthy

Television[edit]

Year Title Role(s) Episode(s) Network(s)
1952 Sky King Mark "Formula for Fear" NBC-TV, ABC-TC
1952 Boston Blackie Lou; Captain Jansen Inside Crime; Deep Six
1952-1953 The Range Rider El Latigo; Utah Joe; Rocky Hatch "Treasure of Santa Dolores"; "Outlaw's Double"; "Greed Rides the Range"
1952-1953 The Lone Ranger Joe Singer/Bull Harper/Henchman Jango "Desperado at Large"; "The Brown Pony"; "Stage to Estacado"
1954-1962 Death Valley Days unknown; Brogger "Snowshoe Thompson"; "The Hat That Won the West"
1955 The Man Behind the Badge Floyd "The Case of the Desperate Moment" CBS
1958 Wagon Train Rufe Beal "The Jesse Cowan Story"
1958 Zorro Antonio Castillo "Welcome to Monterey"
1958 Richard Diamond, Private Detective Ed Murdock "Rodeo"
1959 Mr. Lucky "Dangerous Lady"
1959 Yancy Derringer Ike Milton/Frank James "Outlaw at Liberty"
1959 Wanted: Dead or Alive, Jumbo Kane "The Hostage"
1959 The Real McCoys 1st Sentry "Grandpa Fights the Air Force"
1959-1962 The Rifleman, Dan Maury; Stinger; Wicks; Johnny Drako "The Deadly Wait"; "The Prodigal"; "The Clarence Bibs Story"; "Death Never Rides Alone" ABC-TV
1960 The Slowest Gun in the West Sam Bass TV movie
1960-1966 Gunsmoke Rad Meadows; Johnny Hooker; Ike Jeffords "Old Flame"/"The Pariah"/"My Father, My Son"
1960-1963 Laramie Wes Torrey; Dawson; Mac Morgan; Caleb ".45 Calibre"; "Killer Odds"; "Vengeance"; "The Stranger"
1960 Bonanza Appling "The Blood Line"
1961 Maverick Wolf McManus "Red Dog"
1961-1962 Cheyenne Braden; Larry Jackson; Harry "Trouble Street"; "A Man Called Ragen"; "Man Alone"
1961 The Twilight Zone Steinhart "The Grave" CBS-TV
1961 Stagecoach West Lin Hyatt "Never Walk Alone"
1963 The Dakotas Larry Jackson; Slade Tucker "A Man Called Ragan"; "Thunder in Pleasant Valley" ABC-TV
1963 Perry Mason Edward Doyle "The Case of the Golden Oranges"
1962-1963 Have Gun – Will Travel Corbin; Golias "The Treasure"; "Face of a Shadow"
1964 Rawhide Fred Grant; Deck Sommers "The Enormous Fist"; "Piney" CBS-TV
1965 The Andy Griffith Show Skip "Banjo-Playing Deputy" CBS-TV
1965 My Mother the Car Nick Fitch "Burned at the Steak"
1965;1966 Branded "The Richest Man in Boot Hill", "Call to Glory" NBC-TV
1966 Laredo Big Mike Kelly "Quarter Past Eleven"
1977 Nowhere to Hide
1979 The Hard Way
1984 The Master John Peter McAllister All episodes; starring role NBC-TV

In popular culture[edit]

The character Elliot Belt in the Lucky Luke album The Bounty Hunter

Lee van Cleef's characters in the Sergio Leone movies were inspiration for the character Elliot Belt in the Lucky Luke comic album, The Bounty Hunter.

The band Primus has a song about Lee Van Cleef on their album Green Naugahyde.[5]

The Warcraft universe sports the villain Edwin Van Cleef, who is inspired by Lee Van Cleef.

Phillip Pullman, author of the bestselling His Dark Materials trilogy stated that the first name of his fictional American explorer, airman and crack marksman, Lee Scoresby was a reference to Van Cleef, with the character's surname being an homage to famous Arctic explorer William Scoresby.

Van Cleef was also parodied in GLC: The Carnage Continues..., a short British comedy film of the late 1980s that humorously joined British politics with Hollywood action stars. Here Van Cleef is played by the film's director Peter Richardson, though it rather suggests Cleef the personage is unrealistically playing Tony Benn, a British MP.

Van Cleef served as visual inspiration for the characters of Revolver Ocelot and Old Snake in Metal Gear Solid, as well as inspiring the gunslinger personality of the former.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PO1 Clarence Leroy Van Cleef, Jr.". TogetherWeServed. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Lee Van Cleef at the Internet Movie Database
  3. ^ ""Rodeo", Richard Diamond, Private Detective, February 20, 1958". IMDb. Retrieved March 30, 2013. 
  4. ^ Magers, Boyd. "Lee Van Cleef". Western Clippings. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  5. ^ [1]

External links[edit]