Lee Yong-soo (activist)

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Lee Yong-soo is a former comfort woman from South Korea. Yong-soo was forced to serve as a sex slave during World War II with the Imperial Japanese Army.[1] She is one of the youngest comfort women still living.[2]

Biography[edit]

Yong-soo was sixteen when she was forced to become a comfort woman.[3] She was outside near a riverbank, catching snails with her friend Bunsun, when both were captured by a military man.[4] She and her friend were taken by train, and then switched to a boat at Anju.[4] On the boat, which was headed to a Kamikaze Unit in Hsinchu County, Taiwan, she was raped for the first time.[4] She recalls that on average, she was forced into sexual relations with four to five men a day and did not have any rest even when she was menstruating.[4] She also says that she "suffered electrical torture, was beaten and was cut by a soldier's knife."[5] She learned quickly to submit so that she would not be shocked or beaten again.[6] Yong-soo says that she never thought to run away because she did not know how to leave the area even if she did escape.[6] Additionally, she was isolated from the other comfort women in her area.[6] After the war and her return home, she said that her family no longer recognized her and she did not feel fit to get married.[4] She was ashamed of what happened to her, and did not realize that it had also happened to so many other women.[6]

Yong-soo first came forward to testify about her experience as a comfort woman in June 1992.[7] She was influenced by Kim Hak-sun's press conference on TV to finally talk to others.[7] Yong-soo registered with the Korean government as a comfort woman.[4] She was the twenty-ninth woman to testify about her experiences.[7] Coming forward gave her life a true purpose: "I thought I was worthless. I didn't talk about it, and nobody asked me. Until the women came out, I did not exist."[6]

In 1996, Yong-soo attended Kyungpook National University and eventually received her master's degree in 2001.[4]

At the Women's International War Crimes Tribunal on Japan's Military Sexual Slavery held in Tokyo in 2000, she testified about what happened to her during World War II, and then later shared her story at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.[4]

In 2007, she testified in front of the United States joint Congressional session about her experiences during World War II. She said, "I am an honorable daughter of Korea, I am not a comfort woman."[1] Her experience at the hands of the Japanese Army was described as "traumatic."[1] After her testimony, the Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe, came out and denied that Japan was culpable and that a former apology from Japan's cabinet in 1993 was not necessary.[8] Nevertheless, the outcome of her testimony (along with the testimony of two other comfort women) led to the House passing a resolution which asked the Japanese government to apologize formally to former comfort women.[7][9] The resolution was passed unanimously.[2]

Right-wing elements in the Japanese government have been trying to erase the history of comfort woman from the record. This is what Yong-soo and others are fighting against.[10] In 2014, Yong-soo met with Pope Francis. As a devout Catholic, she hoped that the pope could help end their pain.[11]

In 2015, she attended the South Korean National Assembly's exhibition of art created by former comfort women.[4] Later, she traveled to San Francisco to receive a commendation award from city council and also to ask the city to install a memorial to former comfort women.[12] She was a guest of California Representative Mike Honda in 2015.[13] Yong-soo also participated in protests in the United States when Prime Minister Abe visited.[6][14]

Yong-soo continues to participate in weekly demonstrations held on Wednesdays in front of the Japanese Embassy. She always wears a traditional Korean hanbok, including the dongjeong, beoseon and gomusin so that everyone who sees her knows that "I am a Joseon daughter. I am an honorable Korean." She says, "I don't want to advertise that I am a comfort women victim. Rather, I want to be a problem solver that can ensure that there will be no other victims of war such as us."[4] She says that she will not give up until Prime Minister Abe acknowledges the truth of her and other women's testimonies.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Former 'Comfort Woman' in U.S. Demands Just One Thing When Abe Visits: Apology". The Japan Times. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Kang, K. Connie (1 August 2007). "House Vote on Sex Slavery Cheered". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Kang, K. Connie (21 July 2007). "Wartime Victim Makes Heartfelt Plea for Redress". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Traveling the World to Ensure it Remembers". Korea JoongAng Daily. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Mikailian, Arin (6 May 2015). "Former Comfort Woman Visits Bronze Memorial". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Constable, Pamela (22 April 2015). "70 Years Later, a Korean 'Comfort Woman' Demands Apology from Japan". The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi; Takashi, Uemura (12 January 2015). translated by Tomomi Yamaguchi. "反論 慰安婦問題「捏造記者」と呼ばれて" [Labeled the Reporter Who 'Fabricated" the Comfort Woman Issue: A Rebuttal] (PDF). The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus (in Japanese). 13 (1). Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  8. ^ Zeller Jr., Tom (5 March 2007). "The Politics of Apology for Japan's 'Comfort Women'". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  9. ^ "Bill Text 110th Congress (2007-2008) H.RES.121.EH". THOMAS. The Library of Congress. 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  10. ^ "Japanese Nationalists Attempt to Revise History on 'Comfort Women'". Los Angeles Times. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  11. ^ "Former South Korea Sex Slaves Ask Pope Francis for Solace". New York Daily News. 17 August 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  12. ^ "Korean Former Comfort Woman Calls for SF Memorial". The Korea Times. 17 September 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  13. ^ Kane, Paul (30 April 2015). "Congressman Uses Japanese Leader's Visit to Press for War-Crimes Apology". The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  14. ^ Xin, Zheng (30 April 2015). "Abe Avoids Protesters at Harvard". The Washington Post, China Watch. Retrieved 1 November 2015.