Leeds North East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°51′00″N 1°30′54″W / 53.850°N 1.515°W / 53.850; -1.515

Leeds North East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Leeds North East in West Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
(West Riding of Yorkshire until 1974)
Electorate 68,269 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of parliament Fabian Hamilton (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Leeds North East is a constituency[n 1] which has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Fabian Hamilton of the Labour Party.[n 2][n 3]

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Crossgates, Roundhay, Seacroft, and Shadwell, and parts of the wards of North and North East.

1950-1955: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Burmantofts, Harehills, Potternewton, and Richmond Hill.

1955-1974: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Chapel Allerton, Potternewton, Roundhay, and Woodhouse.

1974-1983: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Chapel Allerton, Harehills, Roundhay, Scott Hall, and Talbot.

1983-2010: The City of Leeds wards of Chapel Allerton, Moortown, North, and Roundhay.

2010–present: The City of Leeds wards of Alwoodley, Chapel Allerton, Moortown, and Roundhay.

History of boundaries

A North-East division of Leeds's parliamentary borough was recommended by the Boundary Commission in its report of 1917. The Commission recommended that the division consist of the whole of the Crossgates, Roundhay, Seacroft, and Shadwell wards, together with the larger parts of two other wards which were to be divided between divisions: North-East ward save for a small part west of Accommodation Road in Burmantofts which was placed in the South-East division and that part of North ward east of Gledhow Park and Moor Allerton.[2] This created a division with a population of 74,054 (according to the 1911 Census); 38,307 lived in the part of North ward, 28,349 in the part of North-East ward, and 7,398 in Roundhay, Seacroft, Shadwell and Cross Gates. Parliament enacted the new boundaries without alteration in the Representation of the People Act 1918.

The initial report of the Boundary Commission in 1947 recommended that the North East division consist of the Burmantofts, Harehills, Potternewton and Roundhay wards. This meant a slightly smaller electorate (in respect of the register in force on 15 October 1946) from 78,498 to a still hefty 66,671; the main change was the removal of Seacroft to the South East division.[3] The Government brought in a Representation of the People Bill based on the recommendations, but after pressure from some affected local authorities, decided give extra seats to some towns and cities where the electorate had resulted in the area narrowly missing out on an additional Member: on 18 March 1948 the Government put down amendments to the Bill which included increasing the number of seats in the County Borough of Leeds from six to seven.[4] The Boundary Commission produced revised recommendations contained the wards of Burmantofts, Harehills and Roundhay, and having an electorate of 51,181.[5] The Boundary Commission consulted on their proposals and received objections to the arrangements in the west of the city which led them to revise the recommendations in May 1948. The alterations had knock-on effects on the North East division, which was now recommended to comprise the North, Roundhay and Woodhouse wards for 56,283 electors.[6]

When the Home Secretary James Chuter Ede proposed altering the Bill in line with the altered recommendations, the sitting MP for Leeds North-East Alice Bacon (supported by George Porter, MP for Leeds Central) moved an amendment to alter the name of a division the Boundary Commission had called 'East Central' to 'North East', and altering the division the Boundary Commission had called 'North East' to 'North'. The Government accepted the amendment,[7] as effected in the Representation of the People Act 1948. The Leeds North East division from then consisted of the Burmantofts, Harehills, Potternewton and Richmond Hill wards and had a 1946 electorate of 49,882. The division was considerably smaller in area after changes in 1950.

Alterations in ward boundaries in Leeds on 28 July 1950 led the Boundary Commission to make an interim report on alterations of constituency boundaries in 1951; although the definition of the constituency was the same, the ward changes had a minor impact on the divisional boundaries.[8] In 1954 the Boundary Commission looked again at boundaries, and recommended that the North East division of Leeds consist of the wards of Allerton, Potternewton, Roundhay and Woodhouse. Three out of the four wards (Allerton, Roundhay and Woodhouse wards) came from the abolished Leeds North, while Burmantofts and Harehills wards were removed to Leeds East, and Richmond Hill ward went to Leeds South East.[9]

By the time of the Second Periodical Report of the Boundary Commission in the late 1960s, the wards of the County Borough of Leeds had again been altered. The commission recommended that the Borough Constituency of Leeds North East consist of the wards of Chapel Allerton, Harehills, Roundhay, Scott Hall and Talbot. The change decreased the electorate (on the October 1968 register) slightly from 53,719 to 53,461.[10] These boundary changes took effect from the February 1974 general election. The Third Periodical Review in 1983 initially proposed a Leeds North East County Constituency comprising 33,200 electors out of 60,120 in the existing borough together with half of the previous Leeds North West seat and Harewood and Wetherby from the Barkston Ash seat. At a public inquiry the plans were challenged and the assistant Commissioner recommended that the Leeds North East constituency remain urban and based on the previous seat, comprising Chapel Allerton, Moortown, North and Roundhay wards; this alteration was accepted by the Boundary Commission.[11] The changes still removed 10,000 electors, mostly to Leeds East but some to Leeds Central and Elmet, and brought in 16,000 electors, mostly from Leeds North West and Barkston Ash and a small number from Leeds South East.[12] No changes were made in the Fourth Periodical Review in 1995.[13]

Current boundaries

Boundary changes implemented the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies — their final recommendations almost matched initial proposals and so the seat comprises Alwoodley, Chapel Allerton, Moortown and Roundhay[14] — which took effect at the 2010 general election. By these changes, 2,100 electors out of 64,106 in the existing seat were removed to Elmet and Rothwell, while 3,875 were added from Leeds North West, 700 from Leeds Central, and 349 from Leeds East.[15]

Constituency profile[edit]

This is a diverse constituency covering the northern half of the City of Leeds. It was once a Conservative stronghold, represented for thirty-one years by the senior Tory politician and former cabinet minister Keith Joseph that has since 1997 seen relatively strong Labour support as many large Victorian houses have gradually been converted into flats and multiple-occupancy homes,[16] helping them gain the seat in 1997 for the first time since the 1950s, and have held on since. A year after Hamilton increased his majority in 2001, psephologists Simon Henig and Lewis Baston wrote that it was now possible to think of Labour winning Leeds North East in a general election which it lost.[17] The Guardian described the seat in 2010 as:

'Diverse Leeds seat including innercity, smart suburbs and farmland.'

The seat stretches from the countryside around the Eccup reservoir to the north, through affluent residential suburbs such as Alwoodley, Roundhay, and Moortown, with their large Jewish populations, up-and-coming neighbourhoods popular with young professionals such as Chapel Allerton, down to deprived inner-city areas such as Chapeltown, the centre of Leeds' Afro-Caribbean community.[18]

History[edit]

At the first election in 1918, it was decided that a Conservative candidate would receive the Coalition 'coupon' in Leeds North East, as four Liberals had received coupons in other Leeds divisions and Labour was allowed an unopposed return in Leeds South-East. Major John Birchall, the Coalition Conservative candidate, was opposed by Labour Party candidate John Bromley, leader of the Locomotive Engineman's Society. The Times described Bromley as "prone to verbal violence" and with "an unnecessary railway strike in his war service record". A third candidate, Captain W.P. Brigstock, announced himself for the National Party, but was felt to have negligible prospects and did not stand.[19] Birchall won comfortably, and went on to represent the seat until he retired in February 1940. His majority never fell below 4,000.

Birchall's resignation resulted in a by-election in March 1940, Professor J.J. Craik Henderson was nominated as a Conservative. Under the war-time electoral truce no Labour or Liberal candidate stood, but he was opposed by Sydney Allen of the British Union of Fascists who campaigned on an anti-war policy. Henderson won the by-election with 97.1% of the vote. Despite the division's history, Labour went into the 1945 general election with a degree of optimism.[20] As it turned out Professor Craik Henderson could not defend his seat, and Alice Bacon won for Labour on a 22.6% swing.

The constituency with new boundaries at the 1950 election was reckoned to be helpful to Alice Bacon,[21] and therefore likely to be held by Labour.[22] She indeed held the seat at both the 1950 and 1951 general elections.

The complex changes to Leeds' Parliamentary boundaries in 1955, which reduced the city from seven seats to six, particularly affected Leeds North East which was reckoned to be the seat which was abolished.[23] In the event Alice Bacon was selected in Leeds South East, while that seat's sitting MP Denis Healey was selected for the new Leeds East constituency. George Porter, sitting MP for Leeds Central, failed to be selected for any new seat when his constituency was abolished and retired. The new North East division was effectively based on the old North division, and that seat's sitting Conservative MP Osbert Peake came forward as candidate. He was thought to have a slightly less safe seat in the new Leeds North East.[24] Peake won easily, and after he received a peerage, his successor Sir Keith Joseph held on in a 1956 by-election.

Joseph had a relatively safe seat at first but his majority fell in the elections of the 1960s. At the 1970 general election, it was noted that the seat had the highest immigrant population among the constituencies in Leeds, and had also produced the smallest swing to the Conservatives at that election.[25] The 1979 general election saw the constituency swing to Labour, against the national trend;[26] in 1987 it was noted that while the Conservatives had held the seat, they had done poorly in terms of votes.[27]

In the run-up to the 1997 general election, the seat was a target for the Labour Party. The Leeds North East Constituency Labour Party selected Liz Davies, an Islington councillor on the party's left wing, but the Labour Party National Executive Committee refused to endorse her candidacy over connections to the Labour Briefing magazine; her appeal to the Labour Party conference was unsuccessful. The winner of the second selection, Fabian Hamilton, was identified as a Blairite and comfortably gained the seat when the election was called.[28] The result of the 2010 general election saw Hamilton retain the seat, with a further pro-Labour swing in 2015 and a majority of nearly 17,000 in 2017, the largest since Labour gained the seat two decades ago.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[29] Party Notes
1918 John Birchall Conservative Resigned 1940
1940 by-election John Craik-Henderson Conservative
1945 Alice Bacon Labour
1955 Osbert Peake Conservative Resigned 1956
1956 by-election Keith Joseph Conservative
1987 Timothy Kirkhope Conservative
1997 Fabian Hamilton Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Leeds North East[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fabian Hamilton 33,436 63.1 +15.2
Conservative Ryan Stephenson 16,445 31.0 -1.9
Liberal Democrat Jon Hannah 1,952 3.7 -1.6
Green Ann Forsaith 680 1.3 -4.0
Yorkshire Party Tess Seddon 303 0.6
Alliance for Green Socialism Celia Foote 116 0.2 -0.7
Christian Peoples Tim Mutamiri 67 0.1
Majority 16,991 32.1 +17.1
Turnout 53,102 75.85 +5.9
Labour hold Swing +8.5
General Election 2015: Leeds North East[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fabian Hamilton 23,137 47.9 +5.2
Conservative Simon Wilson 15,887 32.9 -0.2
UKIP Warren Hendon 3,706 7.7 +5.9
Liberal Democrat Aqila Choudhry 2,569 5.3 -14.3
Green Emma Carter 2,541 5.3 N/A
Alliance for Green Socialism Celia Foote 451 0.9 -0.3
Majority 7,250 15.0 +5.4
Turnout 48,291 69.9 -0.1
Labour hold Swing +2.7
General Election 2010: Leeds North East[32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fabian Hamilton 20,287 42.7 -3.0
Conservative Matthew Lobley 15,742 33.1 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Aqila Choudhry 9,310 19.6 -2.1
UKIP Warren Hendon 842 1.8 N.A
BNP Thomas Redmond 758 1.6 N/A
Alliance for Green Socialism Celia Foote 596 1.3 -1.2
Majority 4,545 9.6 -3.1
Turnout 47,535 70.0 +4.5
Labour hold Swing -2.95

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Leeds North East[34][35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fabian Hamilton 18,632 44.9 -4.2
Conservative Matthew Lobley 13,370 32.2 +0.9
Liberal Democrat Jonathan Brown 8,427 20.3 +4.4
Alliance for Green Socialism Celia Foote 1,038 2.5 +0.6
Majority 5,262 12.7 -5.1
Turnout 41,467 65.5 +3.5
Labour hold Swing -2.55
General Election 2001: Leeds North East[36][35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fabian Hamilton 19,540 49.1 -0.1
Conservative Owain Rhys 12,451 31.3 -2.6
Liberal Democrat Jonathan Brown 6,325 15.9 +2.0
Leeds Left Alliance Celia Foote 770 1.9 N/A
UKIP Jeffrey Miles 382 1.0 N/A
Socialist Labour Colin Muir 173 0.4 -0.6
Independent Mohammed Zaman 132 0.3 N/A
Majority 7,089 17.8 +2.5
Turnout 39,773 62.0 -9.8
Labour hold Swing +1.25

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Leeds North East[37][35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fabian Hamilton 22,368 49.2 +12.3
Conservative Timothy Kirkhope 15,409 33.9 -11.5
Liberal Democrat William Winlow 6,318 13.9 -2.8
Referendum Ian Rose 946 2.1 N/A
Socialist Labour Jan Egan 468 1.0 N/A
Majority 6,959 15.3 N/A
Turnout 45,509 71.8 -4.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +11.9
General Election 1992: Leeds North East[38][39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Kirkhope 22,462 45.4 -0.2
Labour Fabian Hamilton 18,218 36.8 +11.6
Liberal Democrat Christopher Walmsley 8,274 16.7 -11.6
Green John Noble 546 1.1 +0.2
Majority 4,244 8.6 -8.7
Turnout 49,500 76.6 +1.3
Conservative hold Swing -5.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Leeds North East[40][39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Kirkhope 22,196 45.6 -2.0
Social Democratic Peter Crystal 13,777 28.3 +0.2
Labour Owen Glover 12,292 25.2 +1.5
Green Claire Nash 416 0.9 N/A
Majority 8,419 17.3 -2.2
Turnout 48,681 75.3 +4.6
Conservative hold Swing -1.1
General Election 1983: Leeds North East[41][39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 21,940 47.6 -6.5
Social Democratic Peter Crystal 12,945 28.1 +15.4
Labour Ronald Sedler 10,951 23.7 -7.3
Anti-Corruption Ernest Tibbitts 128 0.3 +0.1
Against Cuts in Education Paul Holton 123 0.3 N/A
Majority 8,995 19.5 +6.5
Turnout 46,087 70.7 +0.6
Conservative hold Swing -10.95

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Leeds North East[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 20,297 48.96 +0.40
Labour Ronald Henry Sedler 14,913 35.97 +1.99
Liberal Roy Hollingworth 5,329 12.85 -4.60
Ecology Sara Parkin 813 1.96 N/A
Anti-Corruption Ernest Leonard Tibbitts 103 0.25 N/A
Majority 5,384 13.0 -1.6
Turnout 41,455 70.1 +4.6
Conservative hold Swing -0.80
General Election, October 1974: Leeds North East[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 18,749 48.56 +0.72
Labour John Gunnell 13,121 33.99 +2.83
Liberal Christopher John Greenfield 6,737 17.45 -2.86
Majority 5,628 14.6 -2.0
Turnout 38,607 65.5 +8.9
Conservative hold Swing -1.05
General Election, February 1974: Leeds North East[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 20,822 47.8 -9.2
Labour John Gunnell 13,562 31.2 -11.8
Liberal Christopher John Greenfield 8,839 20.3 N/A
People Clive Lord 300 0.7 N/A
Majority 7,260 16.6 +2.6
Turnout 43,523 74.4 +9.0
Conservative hold Swing +1.3
General Election, 1970: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 20,720 57.0 +0.2
Labour Alan John Patient 15,653 43.0 -0.2
Majority 5,067 14.0 +0.7
Turnout 36,373 65.4 -2.7
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election, 1966: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 20,813 56.8 -3.9
Labour David Arthur Mallen 15,851 43.2 +3.9
Majority 4,962 13.6 -7.8
Turnout 36,664 68.1 -3.0
Conservative hold Swing -3.9
General Election, 1964: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 23,613 60.7 -3.4
Labour Kevin Gould 15,288 39.3 +3.4
Majority 8,325 21.4 -6.8
Turnout 38,901 71.1 -3.9
Conservative hold Swing -3.4

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election, 1959: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 26,240 64.1 +2.7
Labour Harry Mordecai Waterman 14,709 35.9 -2.7
Majority 11,531 28.2 +5.4
Turnout 40,949 75.0 +1.9
Conservative hold Swing +2.7
By-election, 9 February 1956: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Joseph 14,081 63.2 +1.8
Labour Harry Mordecai Waterman 8,212 36.8 -1.8
Majority 5,869 26.4 +3.6
Turnout 22,293 39.9 -33.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.8
General Election, 1955: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Osbert Peake 24,902 61.4 +19.7
Labour Harry Mordecai Waterman 15,623 38.6 -19.7
Majority 9,279 22.8 N/A
Turnout 40,525 73.1 -7.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +19.7
General Election, 1951: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alice Bacon 22,402 58.3 +3.7
Conservative John Bidgood 15,991 41.7 +4.4
Majority 6,411 16.6 -0.7
Turnout 38,393 80.9 -1.4
Labour hold Swing -0.35
General Election, 1950: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alice Bacon 21,599 54.6 +1.5
Conservative John Bidgood 14,780 37.3 -0.2
Liberal William George Victor Jones 2,612 6.6 -2.8
Communist Bert Ramelson 612 1.5 N/A
Majority 6,819 17.3 +1.7
Turnout 39,603 82.3 +10.6
Labour hold Swing +0.85

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election, 1945: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Alice Bacon 28,870 53.1 +17.9
Conservative John Craik-Henderson 20,406 37.5 -27.3
Liberal Frank Clay Wilson 5,097 9.4 N/A
Majority 8,464 15.6 N/A
Turnout 54,373 71.7 +5.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +22.6
By-election, 13 March 1940: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Craik-Henderson 23,882 97.1 +32.3
British Union of Fascists Sydney Allen 772 2.9 N/A
Majority 23,160 94.2 +64.6
Turnout 24,604 34.9 -31.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election, 1935: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Birchall 25,915 64.8 -10.7
Labour Alfred Dobbs 14,080 35.2 +10.7
Majority 11,835 29.6 -21.4
Turnout 39,995 66.1 -7.5
Conservative hold Swing -10.7
General Election, 1931: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Birchall 31,671 75.5 +28.5
Labour Alfred Dobbs 10,294 24.5 -8.0
Majority 21,377 51.0 +36.5
Turnout 41,965 73.6 -0.7
Conservative hold Swing +18.25

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election, 1929: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Birchall 18,877 47.0 -10.8
Labour David Freeman 13,050 32.5 +0.9
Liberal Charles Humphrey Boyle 8,253 20.5 +9.9
Majority 5,827 14.5 -11.7
Turnout 40,180 74.3 -0.3
Unionist hold Swing -5.85
General Election, 1924: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Birchall 16,396 57.8 +11.1
Labour Co-op Edna Martha Penny 8,894 31.6 +0.3
Liberal George Redfern Woodcock 3,007 10.6 -11.4
Majority 7,412 26.2 +10.8
Turnout 28,387 74.6 +0.7
Unionist hold Swing +5.4
General Election, 1923: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Birchall 12,767 46.7 +0.6
Labour Co-op Frank Fountain 8,574 31.3 +6.9
Liberal Ronald Walker 6,030 22.0 -7.5
Majority 4,193 15.4 -1.2
Turnout 27,371 73.9 -0.3
Unionist hold Swing -3.15
General Election, 1922: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Birchall TD 12,343 46.1 -29.4
Liberal Ronald Walker 7,891 29.5 N/A
Labour John Badley 6,525 24.4 -0.1
Majority 4,452 16.6 -34.4
Turnout 26,759 74.2 +22.3
Unionist hold Swing -29.45

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election, 1918: Leeds North East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Coalition Conservative John Birchall 14,450 75.5 N/A
Labour John Bromley 4,450 24.5 N/A
Majority 10,000 51.0 N/A
Turnout 18,900 51.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ The constituency was created in 1918 as Leeds North-East and the name was changed by loss of the hyphen to Leeds North East in 1950.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "87. Parliamentary Borough of Leeds" in "Report of the Boundary Commission (England and Wales)", Cd. 8757, vol II.
  3. ^ "Initial Report of the Boundary Commission for England", Cmd. 7260, p. 54.
  4. ^ "Constituency Changes", The Times, 19 March 1948, p. 4.
  5. ^ "Representation of the People Bill. Statement showing the names, contents and electorates of certain proposed new constituencies", Cmd. 7363, p. 6.
  6. ^ "Representation of the People Bill. Report of Boundary Commissioners for England on Representations relating to certain proposed new constituencies.", Cmd. 7400, pp. 6–7.
  7. ^ Hansard, HC 5ser vol 452 cols 374-6.
  8. ^ "Boundary Commission for England Report", Cmd. 8100, p. 3; F. W. S. Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973", 2nd edition, Parliamentary Research Services, Chichester, 1983, p. 181.
  9. ^ "Boundary Commission for England", First Periodical Report, Cmd. 9311, pp. 62–3.
  10. ^ "Boundary Commission for England", Second Periodical Report, Cmnd. 4084, p. 128, 134.
  11. ^ "Boundary Commission for England", Third Periodical Report, Cmnd. 8797-I, pp. 72–4.
  12. ^ "The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", Parliamentary Research Services, Chichester, 1983, pp. 89, 195.
  13. ^ "The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", Local Government Chronicle Elections Centre, 1995, p. 108.
  14. ^ "Boundary Commission for England", Fifth Periodical Report, Cm. 7032, pp. 190–203.
  15. ^ "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", Local Government Chronicle Elections Centre, 2007, pp. 107, 244.
  16. ^ 2011 census interactive maps, see density statistics Archived 2016-01-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Simon Henig, Lewis Baston, "The Political Map of Britain", Politico's Publishing, 2002, p. 746.
  18. ^ 2001 Census
  19. ^ "Asquith Liberals in Yorkshire", The Times, 30 November 1918, p. 9.
  20. ^ "West Riding Liberals' revival effort", Manchester Guardian, 3 July 1945, p. 2.
  21. ^ "New Boundaries in Leeds make prophets cautious", Manchester Guardian, 2 February 1950, p. 6.
  22. ^ "Doubts about Steel", The Times, 9 February 1950, p. 3.
  23. ^ "Alterations to Parliamentary boundaries proposed", Manchester Guardian, 19 March 1954, p. 3.
  24. ^ "Conservative hopes of a 3-3 score at Leeds", Manchester Guardian, 5 May 1955, p. 8.
  25. ^ Michael Steed, "An Analysis of the Results", p. 406-7 in "The British General Election of 1970" by David Butler and Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, Macmillan, 1970.
  26. ^ "The British General Election of 1979" by David Butler and Dennis Kavanagh, Macmillan, 1979, p. 377.
  27. ^ "Analysis" by John Curtice and Michael Steed in "The British General Election of 1987" by David Butler and Dennis Kavanagh, Macmillan, 1987, p. 332.
  28. ^ "The British General Election of 1997" by David Butler and Dennis Kavanagh, Macmillan, 1997, p. 193-4.
  29. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)
  30. ^ [1]
  31. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  32. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  33. ^ "Leeds North East' UK Parliament, 6 May 2010 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  34. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  35. ^ a b c "'Leeds North East', May 1997 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  36. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  37. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  38. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  39. ^ a b c "'Leeds North East', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  40. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  41. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  42. ^ a b c "'Leeds North East', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 30 March 2016.