Leeds South (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leeds South
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County 1885–1974: West Riding of Yorkshire
1974–1983: West Yorkshire
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Leeds Central and Morley & Leeds South[1]
Created from Leeds

Leeds South was a parliamentary constituency in the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until it was abolished for the 1983 general election. It was then largely replaced by the new Morley and Leeds South constituency.

It was the seat of the former Leader of the Labour Party, the late Hugh Gaitskell, and the former Home Secretary Merlyn Rees.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Leeds wards of East Hunslet, South, and West Hunslet, and part of Bramley ward.

1918-1950: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Holbeck and West Hunslet, and part of New Wortley ward.

1950-1955: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Beeston, Holbeck South, Hunslet Carr and Middleton, and West Hunslet.

1955-1974: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Beeston, Holbeck, Hunslet Carr, and Middleton.

1974-1983: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Beeston, East Hunslet, Holbeck, Middleton, and West Hunslet.

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1885 by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and was first used in the general election of that year. Leeds had previously been represented by two MPs (1832–1868) and three MPs (1868–1885). From 1885 it was represented by five single-member constituencies: Leeds Central, Leeds East, Leeds North, Leeds South and Leeds West. The constituencies of Morley, Otley and Pudsey were also created in 1885.

The constituency was abolished for the 1983 general election. It was then largely replaced by the new Morley and Leeds South constituency. After the 1983 general election Leeds was represented by the constituencies of Leeds Central, Leeds East, Leeds North East, Leeds North West, Leeds West and Morley and Leeds South. There were also constituencies of Elmet (created 1983) and Pudsey.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Sir Lyon Playfair Liberal
1892 John Lawson Walton Liberal
1908 William Middlebrook Liberal
1922 Henry Charleton Labour
1931 Noel Whiteside Conservative
1935 Henry Charleton Labour
1945 Hugh Gaitskell Labour
1963 Merlyn Rees Labour
1983 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Lyon Playfair
General Election 1885: Leeds South [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Lyon Playfair 5,208 64.5 n/a
Conservative Stuart Cunningham Macaskie 2,869 35.5 n/a
Majority 2,339 29.0 n/a
Turnout 73.9 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Leeds South [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Lyon Playfair 4,665 61.5
Conservative TH Bracken 2,924 38.5
Majority 1,741 23.0
Turnout 69.4
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Walton
General Election 1892: Leeds South [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Lyon Playfair 4,829 59.4 -2.1
Conservative Reginald Neville 3,294 40.6 +2.1
Majority 1,535 18.8
Turnout 71.9 +2.5
Liberal hold Swing
Leeds South by-election, 1895 [2][3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Walton 4,414 56.0
Conservative Reginald Neville 3,466 44.0
Majority 948 12.0
Turnout 69.8
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1895: Leeds South [2][3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Walton 4,608 47.6 -8.4
Conservative Reginald Neville 4,447 46.0 +2.0
Ind. Labour Party Alfred Shaw 622 6.4 n/a
Majority 161 1.6 -10.4
Turnout 81.2 +11.4
Liberal hold Swing -5.2

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Leeds South [2][3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Walton 4,952 51.2
Conservative Reginald Neville 4,718 48.8
Majority 234 2.4 +0.8
Turnout 71.9
Liberal hold Swing +0.4
Walton
General Election 1906: Leeds South [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Walton 6,200 50.2 -1.0
Labour Albert E. Fox 4,030 32.6 n/a
Conservative Henry Cameron-Ramsay-Fairfax-Lucy 2,126 17.2
Majority 2,170 17.6
Turnout 81.7 +9.8
Liberal hold Swing
Middlebrook
Leeds South by-election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Middlebrook 5,274 41.7
Conservative Reginald Neville 4,915 38.9 +21.7
Labour Albert E. Fox 2,451 19.4 -13.2
Majority 359 2.8 -14.8
Turnout 82.5
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Leeds South [2][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Middlebrook 8,969 67.3
Conservative William Nicholson 4,366 32.7
Majority 4,603 34.6 +31.8
Turnout 84.8
Liberal hold Swing +15.9
General Election December 1910: Leeds South [2][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Middlebrook 6,064 48.2 -19.1
Conservative William Nicholson 3,804 30.3
Labour John Badlay 2,706 21.5
Majority 2,260 17.9
Turnout 80.0 -4.8
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Middlebrook
General Election 14 December 1918:Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Middlebrook 10,609
Labour Frank Fountain 5,510
NFDDSS James A Brook 1,377 7.9
Majority 5,099
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1923: Leeds South [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry Charleton 11,705 44.2 -9.5
Unionist Reginald Neville 7,679 29.0 n/a
Liberal Granville Gibson 7,083 26.8 -19.5
Majority 4,026 15.3 +7.9
Turnout 74.1 +4.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1929: Leeds South [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry Charleton 18,043 52.5
Unionist B.T. Graham Ford 9,433 27.4
Liberal E.K. Scott 6,884 20.0
Majority 8,610 25.1
Turnout 34,360
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Noel Whiteside 14,881 42.12
Labour Henry Charleton 14,156 40.07
Liberal Frederick L. Boult 6,291 17.81
Majority 725 2.05
Turnout 77.56
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry Charleton 15,223 46.03
Conservative Noel Whiteside 14,207 42.96
Social Credit Wilfred Townend 3,642 11.01
Majority 1,016 3.07
Turnout 73.68
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Gaitskell 17,899 61.03
Conservative Arthur Maxwell Ramsden 7,497 25.56
Liberal William Barford 3,933 13.41
Majority 10,402 35.47
Turnout 75.95
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Gaitskell 29,795 61.11
Conservative B.H. Wood 14,436 29.61
Liberal Edgar Meeks 4,525 9.28
Majority 15,359 31.50
Turnout 84.61
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Gaitskell 30,712 65.06
Conservative Winifred D. Brown 16,493 34.94
Majority 14,219 30.12
Turnout 82.19
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Gaitskell 25,833 65.15
Conservative Winifred D. Brown 13,817 34.85
Majority 12,016 30.31
Turnout 72.85
Labour hold Swing
Hugh Gaitskell
General Election 1959: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Gaitskell 24,442 58.56
Conservative John Francis William Addey 12,956 31.04
Liberal John Brian Meeks 4,340 10.40
Majority 11,486 27.52
Turnout 79.02
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Leeds South by-election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Merlyn Rees 18,785 62.93 +4.37
Conservative John Udal 5,996 20.09 -10.95
Liberal Brian Walsh 4,399 14.74 +4.34
Communist Bert Ramelson 670 2.24 N/A
Majority 12,789 42.84 +15.32
Turnout 29,850
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Merlyn Rees 22,339 63.12
Conservative Percival Arthur Woodward 12,123 34.26
Communist Bert Ramelson 928 2.62
Majority 10,997 29.14
Turnout 35,390 72.00
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Merlyn Rees 23,171 68.76
Conservative Percival Arthur Woodward 9,813 29.12
Communist Bert Ramelson 714 2.12
Majority 13,358 39.63
Turnout 68.11
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Merlyn Rees 19,536 59.82
Conservative Gavin K. Macpherson 9,311 28.51
Liberal Stephen Cooksey 3,810 11.67
Majority 10,225 31.31
Turnout 65.95
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Merlyn Rees 21,365 55.24
Liberal Denis Pedder 9,505 24.57
Conservative Peter David Harmer 7,810 20.19
Majority 11,860 30.66
Turnout 73.95
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Merlyn Rees 21,653 64.44
Conservative Thomas Neil Metcalfe Stow 6,388 19.01
Liberal John Adams 5,563 16.55
Majority 15,265 45.43
Turnout 63.76
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1979: Leeds South
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Merlyn Rees 22,388 65.02
Conservative R. Ratcliffe 8,058 23.40
Liberal F. Hurst 3,568 10.36
National Front B. Spink 416 1.21
Majority 14,330 41.62
Turnout 68.70
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Leeds South', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  4. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  5. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  6. ^ a b British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ a b Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 31 March 1939
  8. ^ Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 6 June 1939
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Bristol South East
Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
1950–1951
Succeeded by
Saffron Walden
Preceded by
Lewisham South
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
1955–1963
Succeeded by
Belper