Leek (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leek
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Staffordshire
Major settlements Leek
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Staffordshire Moorlands and Stoke-on-Trent North[1]
Created from North Staffordshire

Leek was a parliamentary constituency in Staffordshire which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Centred on the market town of Leek, it was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, and abolished nearly 100 years later for the 1983 general election. It was then largely replaced by the new Staffordshire Moorlands constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [2][3][4] Party
1885 Charles Crompton Liberal
1886 Harry Davenport Conservative
1892 Charles Bill Conservative
1906 Robert Pearce Liberal
1910, Jan Arthur Howard Heath Conservative
1910, Dec Sir Robert Pearce Liberal
1918 William Bromfield Labour
1931 Arthur Ratcliffe Conservative
1935 William Bromfield Labour
1945 Harold Davies Labour
1970 David Knox Conservative
1983 constituency abolished. see Staffordshire Moorlands

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Leek [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Crompton 4,225 n/a
Conservative Harry Tichborne Davenport 4,063 n/a
Majority 162 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Leek [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Tichborne Davenport 4,324
Liberal Charles Crompton 3,009
Majority 656
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Charles Bill
General Election 1892: Leek [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Bill 4,676
Liberal J O Nicholson 4,21
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1895: Leek [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Bill 4,705
Liberal Robert Pearce 4,091
Majority 614
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Leek [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Bill 4,800
Liberal Robert Pearce 4,041
Majority 759
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Robert Pearce
General Election 1906: Leek [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Pearce 5,749
Conservative Charles Bill 4,275
Majority 1,474
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Leek [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Howard Heath 5,463
Liberal Robert Pearce 5,453
Majority 10
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Leek [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Pearce 5,742
Conservative William Bromley-Davenport 5,152
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Leek [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Bromfield 10,510
Liberal 9,832
Majority
Turnout
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Leek
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Bromfield 12,857
Unionist Enoch Hill 12,473 n/a
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Leek [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Bromfield 13,913 53.6
Unionist Enoch Hill 12,066 46.4
Majority 1,847 7.2 +5.6
Turnout 77.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Leek
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Bromfield 14,256
Unionist Thomas Pitt Hamilton Cholmondeley 13,305
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1929: Leek[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Bromfield 22,458 58.5
Unionist Edward George Warris Hulton 15,953 41.5
Majority 6,505 17.0
Turnout 38,411
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Leek
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Ratcliffe 20,067 51.39
Labour William Bromfield 18,979 48.61
Majority 1,088 2.79
Turnout
General Election 1935: Leek[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Bromfield 23,432 57.36
National Labour Leslie Montagu Thomas 17,419 42.64
Majority 6,013 14.72
Turnout
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945: Leek
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harold Davies 32,567 67.19
Conservative TW Grimson 15,904 32.81
Majority 16,663 34.38
Turnout 48,471 76.74
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950:Leek [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harold Davies 30,444 53.78
Conservative Rupert Malise Speir 25,820 46.22
Majority 4,224 7.56
Turnout 56,264 86.05
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Leek[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harold Davies 29,502 51.67
Conservative Richard Bernard Frank Stewart Body 27,592 48.33
Majority 1,910 3.35
Turnout 57,094 86.18
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Leek[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harold Davies 28,273 50.95
Conservative Irene Mervyn Parnicott Pike 27,214 49.05
Majority 1,059 1.91
Turnout 55,487 81.52
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: Leek[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harold Davies 31,096 50.94
Conservative Sir John Hamilton Wedgwood 29,947 49.06
Majority 1,149 1.88
Turnout 61,043 83.88
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Leek[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harold Davies 33,558 53.29
Conservative Harry Goodwin 29,409 46.71
Majority 4,419 6.59
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Leek[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harold Davies 35,334 56.17
Conservative Frank Arthur Swinnerton 27,573 43.83
Majority 7,761 12.34
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Leek[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Laidlaw Knox 27,899 46.13
Labour Harold Davies 26,359 43.59
Liberal Richard Malcolm Burman 6,219 10.28
Majority 1,540 2.55
Turnout 60,477 67.44
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election February 1974: Leek
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Laidlaw Knox 31,526 45.57
Labour C Byers 25,794 37.29
Liberal Richard Malcolm Burman 11,860 17.14
Majority 5,732 8.29
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Leek
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Laidlaw Knox 30,796 46.74
Labour B Whittam 26,472 40.18
Liberal M Holden 8,615 13.08
Majority 4,324 6.56
Turnout 65,883 78.50
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1979: Leek
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Laidlaw Knox 36,508 51.88
Labour Mark Fisher 25,937 36.86
Liberal M Conway 6,474 9.20
Ratepayer CI Bailey 1,451 2.06
Majority 10,571 15.02
Turnout 70,370 80.42
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Leek', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 387. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 463. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Liberal Year Book 1907
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons, 1922
  10. ^ a b c British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  12. ^ a b c d e British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  13. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  14. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973