Leela Majumdar

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Leela Majumdar
LeelaMajumdarPic.jpg
Born(1908-02-26)26 February 1908[1]
Calcutta, Bengal, British India
Died5 April 2007(2007-04-05) (aged 99)
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
OccupationWriter
Period1922–1994
GenreChildren's books
SpouseDr. Sudhir Kumar Majumdar (1894–1984; his death)
Children2

Leela Majumdar (Bengali: লীলা মজুমদার Lila Mojumdar), (26 February 1908[1] – 5 April 2007) was a Bengali writer.

Early life[edit]

Born to Surama Devi and Pramada Ranjan Ray (who was the younger brother of Upendra Kishor Ray Choudhuri), Leela spent her childhood days at Shillong, where she studied at the Loreto Convent.[2] Surama Devi had been adopted by Upendra Kishor Ray Choudhuri . Lila's grandfather had left his younger two daughters in care of his friends after his wife died. The eldest daughter was sent to a boarding house. Her maternal grandfather was Ramkumar Bhattacharya, who later became a sannyasi and was christened Ramananda Bharati. He was the first among Indians to visit Kailash and Mansarovar and wrote a travelogue Himaranya. In 1919, her father was transferred to Calcutta, and she joined St. John's Diocesan School from where she completed her matriculation examination.[1] She ranked second among the girls in the matriculation examinations in 1924. She stood first in English (literature) both in her honours (graduation) and Master of Arts examination at the University of Calcutta. The family she belonged to made a notable contribution towards children's literature.[2][3] Sunil Gangopadhyay says that while the Tagore family enthused everybody with drama, songs and literature for adults, the Ray Chaudhuri family took charge of laying the foundations of children's literature in Bengali.[4]

Formative years[edit]

She joined Maharani Girls' School at Darjeeling as a teacher in 1931.[2] On an invitation from Rabindranath Tagore she went and joined the school at Santiniketan, but she stayed only for about one year. She joined the women's section of Asutosh College in Calcutta but again did not continue for long. Thereafter, she spent most of her time as a writer. After two decades as a writer, she joined All India Radio as a producer and worked for about seven-eight years.[3]

Her first story, Lakkhi chhele, was published in Sandesh in 1922. It was also illustrated by her.[2] The children's magazine in Bengali was founded by her uncle, Upendrakishore Ray Chaudhuri in 1913 and was later edited by her cousin Sukumar Ray for sometime after the death of Upendrakishore in 1915.[5] Together with her nephew Satyajit Ray and her cousin Nalini Das, she edited and wrote for Sandesh throughout her active writing life.[6] Until 1994 she played an active role in the publication of the magazine.[7]

Creative efforts[edit]

An incomplete bibliography lists 125 books including a collection of short stories, five books under joint authorship, 9 translated books and 19 edited books.[1]

Her first published book was Boddi Nather Bari (1939) but her second compilation Din Dupure (1948) brought her considerable fame From the 1950s, her incomparable children's classics followed. Although humour was her forte, she also wrote detective stories, ghost stories and fantasies.[1]

Her autobiographical sketch Pakdandi provides an insight into her childhood days in Shillong and also her early years at Santiniketan and with All India Radio.[2]

Apart from her glittering array of children's literature, she wrote a cookbook, novels for adults (Sreemoti, Cheena Lanthan), and a biography of Rabindranath Tagore. She lectured on Abanindranath Tagore and translated his writings on art into English. She translated Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels and Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea into Bengali.[6]

Satyajit Ray had thought of filming Padi Pishir Bormi Baksha[4] Arundhati Devi made it into a film in 1972. Chhaya Devi played the role of the young hero, Khoka's famed aunt Padipishi.[8]

For a special Mahila Mahal (women's section) series of All-India Radio, dealing with the "natural and ordinary problems" in the everyday life of a girl growing up in a typical, middle-class, Bengali family, she created Monimala, the story of a "very ordinary girl" whose grandmother starts writing to her from when she turns 12, continuing into her marriage and motherhood.[9]

Family[edit]

She was married in 1933 to Dr. Sudhir Kumar Majumdar, a renowned dentist who was a graduate of Harvard Dental School. For two decades she devoted herself to housekeeping. Her son Ranjan (b.1934) is also a dentist and daughter Kamala (b. 1938) is married to Monishi Chatterjee, an oil engineer and grandson of first female painter of Bengal school- Sunayani Devi. Her husband died in 1984. Apart from her children, she had, at the time of her death, two grandsons, two granddaughters and three great-grandchildren.[1]

Works[edit]

  1. Holde Pakhir Palok
  2. Tong Ling
  3. Naaku Gama
  4. Podi Pishir Bormi Baksho
  5. Boddi Nather Bori
  6. Din Dupure
  7. Chhotoder Srestho Galpo
  8. Monimala
  9. Bagher Chhokh
  10. Bok Dharmik
  11. Taka Gaachh
  12. Lal Neel Deslai
  13. Basher Phul
  14. Moyna
  15. Shalikh
  16. Bhuter Bari
  17. Aaguni Beguni
  18. Tipur Upor Tipuni
  19. Patka Chor
  20. Aashare Galpo
  21. Chiching Phank
  22. Je Jai Boluk
  23. Chhotoder Tal Betal
  24. Batash Bari
  25. Bagh Shikari Bamun
  26. Baghyar Galpo
  27. Shibur Diary
  28. Howrahr Dari
  29. Ferari
  30. Nepor Boi
  31. Aar Konokhane
  32. Kheror Khata
  33. Ei Je Dekha
  34. Pakdandi
  35. [2]Sreemoti
  36. Cheena Lanthan
  37. [6]Moni Manil
  38. Naatghar
  39. Batashbari
  40. Kaag Noi
  41. Shob Bhuture
  42. Bak Badh Pala
  43. [1] Megher Sari Dhorte Nari
  44. Pori didir Bor
  45. Pesha Bodol
  46. Batas Bari
  47. Monimala
  48. Elshe Ghai

Awards[edit]

Holde Pakhir Palok won the state award for children's literature, Bak Badh Pala the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, Aar Konokhane Rabindra Puraskar. She had also won the Suresh Smriti Puraskar, Vidyasagar Puraskar, Bhubaneswari Medal for lifetime achievement,[1] and Ananda Puraskar.[6] She has been awarded the Deshikottama by Visva Bharati, and honorary D.Litt. by Burdwan, North Bengal and Calcutta Universities.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ray, Prasadranjan, Remembering Lila Majumadar, Mejopishi, As I Saw Her, Times of Indian Kolkata edition, 8 April 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e f The beyond beckons Lila Majumdar, The Statesman, 6 April 2007
  3. ^ a b Shri Lila Majumdar (1908–2007) , Ananda Bazar Patrika (in Bengali), 6 April 2007
  4. ^ a b Sunil Gangopadhyay, Riju, Sabalil Bhasa, Tate Agagora Snighdha Ras, Ananda Bazar Patrika (in Bengali), 6 April 2007
  5. ^ "Children's writer Leela Majumdar dies". andhracafe.com. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  6. ^ a b c d Children's tales never outgrown, The Telegraph, 6 April 2007
  7. ^ "Splendid centurion – Darling of the young and young at heart reaches age milestone". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph, 26 February 2007. 26 February 2007. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  8. ^ "Chhaya Devi (1914–2001)". upperstall.com. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  9. ^ "Seize The Day, And Just Get on With Things". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph, 8 March 2007. 8 March 2007. Retrieved 6 April 2007.