|Security class||detention center|
|Managed by||Ministry of Justice of the RF|
Lefortovo Prison (Russian: Лефортовская тюрьма, IPA: [lʲɪˈfortəvə] ( listen)) is a prison in Moscow, Russia, which, since 2005, has been under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. It was built in 1881. It was named after the Lefortovo District of Moscow where it is located, which in turn took its name from Franz Lefort, a close associate of Tsar Peter I the Great.
During the Great Purge, Lefortovo prison was used by NKVD for interrogations with torture. Lefortovo was an infamous KGB prison and investigative isolator (Russian: СИЗО, следственный изолятор) in the Soviet Union for detainment of political prisoners. In 1994, it was transferred to the MVD; and, from 1996 to 2005, it was handed back to the FSB, a successor of the KGB.
- Several members of the August Coup
- Igor Artimovich
- Vasily Blyukher
- Vladimir Bukovsky
- Nicholas Daniloff
- Svetlana Davydova (see ru:Дело Светланы Давыдовой)
- Alexander Dolgun
- Dmitri Dudko
- Hugo Eberlein
- Bernt Ivar Eidsvig, young norwegian citizen activist for human rights
- Rashid Khan Gaplanov, Education and Finance Minister of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
- Yevgenia Ginzburg
- Nikolai Glushkov
- Chingiz Ildyrym, Azerbaijani Bolshevik and statesman
- Ekaterina Kalinina
- Vladimir Kirpichnikov
- Eston Kohver
- Zoya Krakhmalnikova, Soviet Christian dissident
- Platon Lebedev
- Eduard Limonov
- Alexander Litvinenko
- Vil Mirzayanov
- Levon Mirzoyan
- Osip Piatnitsky
- Leonid Razvozzhayev
- Ian Rokotov
- Mathias Rust, the 18-year-old German who landed a Cessna 172 airplane near Red Square.
- Valery Sablin
- Natan Sharansky
- Andrei Sinyavsky
- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
- Igor Sutyagin
- Jean-Christian Tirat[better source needed], young french journalist supporter of compliance with the Helsinki Agreement
- Nadezhda Ulanovskaya, wife of Alexander Ulanovsky
- Raoul Wallenberg
- Khalil Rza Uluturk, Azerbaijani poet.
- Lina Codina, wife of Sergei Prokofiev
- "Lefortovo" at GlobalSecurity.org
- article The Washington Post
- Hermann Weber, Hotel Lux - Die deutsche kommunistische Emigration in Moskau (PDF) Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung No. 443 (October 2006), p. 58. Retrieved November 12, 2011 (in German)
- "КАПЛАНОВ РАШИД ХАН" [Kaplanov Rashid Khan]. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
- Bourdeaux, Michael (2008-05-13). "Zoya Krakhmalnikova, Christian writer jailed for her beliefs by the Soviet authorities". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
- "ISCIP"; Perspective, Volume IV, No. 4 (April–May 1994)
- Hoover Digest Archived 2007-03-19 at the Wayback Machine.; 2005 no. 1 The Gulag: Life Inside by Bradley Bauer for the Hoover Institution
- fr:Jean-Christian Tirat