The Lefroy Ministry was the 13th Ministry of the Government of Western Australia and was led by Nationalist Premier Sir Henry Lefroy. It succeeded the Second Wilson Ministry on 28 June 1917 due to most members of the former Liberal Party, of which the previous Premier, Frank Wilson, had been the leader, pledging allegiance to the new party. The Lefroy Ministry, which was the first Coalition ministry in Western Australia, was also the only Ministry of a non-Labor government to be chosen by caucus.
The ministry fell due to internal pressures within the party room, stemming in part from Hal Colebatch's handling as Acting Premier of quarantine regulations arising from the influenza epidemic, with Lefroy and two ministers at one point being stranded in Melbourne for several weeks. A party meeting on their return resulted in Lefroy resigning the leadership and Colebatch being elected leader. He formed the short-lived Colebatch Ministry on 17 April 1919.
The following ministers served for the duration of the Ministry:
- 1 When National Labor Party member John Scaddan was appointed a Minister, he was required to resign and contest his seat of Brownhill-Ivanhoe in a ministerial by-election. Scaddan lost the by-election held on 21 July 1917 to Labor candidate John Lutey. This was only the second occasion in Western Australia's parliamentary history—the first having been the defeat of half of the Morgans Ministry in December 1901—that a Minister had failed to retain his seat at a ministerial by-election resulting from his appointment. Fellow National Labor member Charles Hudson was appointed in his place.
- 2 William Thomas failed to win his seat at the 1917 state election and hence was removed from the ministry on 26 September 1917.
- Black, David; Bolton, Geoffrey (2001). Biographical Register of Members of the Parliament of Western Australia, Volume One, 1870–1930 (Revised ed.). Parliament House: Parliament of Western Australia. ISBN 0730738140.
- Black, David (1991). "Factionalism and Stability: 1911-1947". In Black, David (ed.). The House on the Hill: A History of the Parliament of Western Australia 1832–1990. Perth, Western Australia: Parliament of Western Australia. ISBN 0-7309-3983-9.
- Bolton, Geoffrey; Mozley, Ann (1961). The Western Australian Legislature, 1870-1930. Canberra: Australian National University. (no ISBN)
Second Wilson Ministry