Left-Green Movement

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Left-Green Movement
Vinstrihreyfingin – grænt framboð
Chairperson Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Vice-chairperson Björn Valur Gíslason
Chairperson of the parliamentary group Svandís Svavarsdóttir
General Secretary Björg Eva Erlendsdóttir
Founded 6 February 1999
Split from People's Alliance
Headquarters Túngata 14,
101 Reykjavík
Youth wing Young Left-Greens
Ideology Democratic socialism[1]
Political position Left-wing
European affiliation Nordic Green Left Alliance
International affiliation None
Colours           Red and Green
Seats in the Althing
10 / 63
Part of a series on
Green politics
Sunflower symbol

The Left-Green Movement (Icelandic: Vinstrihreyfingin – grænt framboð, also known by its acronym VG) is a left-wing and green political party in Iceland. It is the second largest party in the Althingi, with 10 members of 63 in total.


It was founded in 1999 by a few members of Alþingi who did not approve of the planned merger of the left-leaning political parties in Iceland that resulted in the founding of the Social Democratic Alliance (Samfylkingin). The Left-Green Movement focuses on democratic socialist values, feminism, and environmentalism, as well as increased democracy and direct involvement of the people in the administration of the country. The party opposes Iceland's involvement in NATO, and also the U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan. The party rejects membership of the European Union, and supports the Palestinian cause in the Middle East. It supports the mutual adaptation and integration of immigrants into Icelandic society as necessary.[4]

The Left-Green Movement is a member of the Nordic Green Left Alliance.[5]

The party chair is Katrín Jakobsdóttir, MP. The vice chair is Björn Valur Gíslason. The secretary-general of the party is Björg Eva Erlendsdóttir.

In the 1999 parliamentary elections, the Left-Green Movement took 9.1% of the vote and six seats in the Alþingi. It had five members in the 63-seat Icelandic parliament after the 2003 elections where it polled 8.8% of the vote. After the 2007 elections, the party had 9 seats in parliament, having received 14.3% of the vote.

In 2009, the Left-Green Movement joined the Social Democratic Alliance as the minor partner in a coalition government after the government of the Alliance and the liberal-conservative Independence Party collapsed.[6] In the subsequent elections, it rose from 9 seats to 14, becoming Iceland's third-largest party (close behind Independence) with 21.7% of the vote, which is the second largest outcome of a left socialist party in Iceland, after the former communist People's Alliance in 1978 when it got 22.9% of the vote. The party gained one seat in addition, when a non-party parliamentarian joined the party.[7] Since then, three members of the parliamentary group have left the party. One joined the centrist Progressive Party, and two others became non-partisans. After the elections of 2013, the party was in the opposition and had 7 seats in the parliament. Currently, after the elections of 2016, the party is in the opposition and has 10 seats in the parliament.

Electoral results[edit]

Election Votes  % Seats +/– Position Government
1999 15,115 9.1
6 / 63
Increase 6 Increase 4th Opposition
2003 16,129 8.8
5 / 63
Decrease 1 Steady 4th Opposition
2007 26,136 14.3
9 / 63
Increase 4 Increase 3rd Opposition
2009 40,581 21.6
14 / 63
Increase 5 Steady 3rd Coalition
2013 20,546 10.8
7 / 63
Decrease 7 Decrease 4th Opposition
2016 30,166 15.9
10 / 63
Increase 3 Increase 2nd Opposition


Chairperson Period
Steingrímur J. Sigfússon 1999–2013
Katrín Jakobsdóttir 2013–present

Members of Parliament[edit]

Since the elections in 2016, the Left-Green Movement has ten members of parliament.

Member of Parliament Since Title Constituency
Steingrímur J. Sigfússon Steingrímur J. Sigfússon.jpg 1983 Northeast Constituency
Katrín Jakobsdóttir 2007 Chair Reykjavik Constituency North
Svandís Svavarsdóttir Islands miljominister Svandis Svavarsdottir. Nordiska radets session i Stockholm 2009.jpg 2009 Leader of the Parliamentary Group Reykjavik Constituency South
Lilja Rafney Magnúsdóttir 2009 Northwest Constituency
Bjarkey Gunnarsdóttir 2013 Northeast Constituency
Steinunn Þóra Árnadóttir 2014 Became a Member of Parliament when Árni Þór Sigurðsson left office mid-term. Reykjavik Constituency North
Ari Trausti Guðmundsson 2016 South Constituency
Andrés Ingi Jónsson 2016 Reykjavík Constituency North
Kolbeinn Óttarsson Proppé 2016 Reykjavík Constituency South
Rósa Björk Brynjólfsdóttir 2016 Southwest Constituency


  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram. "Parties and Elections in Europe". parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Iceland could be EU member by 2011". EUobserver. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b The Reykjavík Grapevine Election Guide 2013, The Reykjavík Grapevine, April 5, 2013
  4. ^ "The Left-Green Movement". Left-Green Movement homepage. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  5. ^ "The Left-Green Movement of Iceland". Nordic Green Left Alliance. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  6. ^ Wikinews:Icelandic centre-left coalition secures majority in parliamentary elections
  7. ^ "Independent Icelandic MP joins Left Greens". IceNews. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 

External links[edit]