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The terms left anarchism and left-wing anarchism distinguish collectivist anarchism from laissez-faire anarchism and right-libertarian philosophies. They refer to philosophies which posit a future society in which private property is replaced by reciprocity and non-hierarchical society. The term left anarchism is sometimes used synonymously with libertarian socialism, left-libertarianism, or socialist anarchism. More traditional anarchists typically discourage the concept of "left-wing" theories of anarchism on grounds of redundancy, that it lends legitimacy to the notion that anarchism is compatible with capitalism or nationalism.
Ulrike Heider, a syndicalist, categorized anarchism into left anarchism, right anarchism (anarcho-capitalism), and green anarchism.[page needed] Her work has been strongly criticised by anarchist academics including Bryan Caplan and Murray Bookchin for what they see as the poor quality of its research and presentation.
- Social anarchism
- Collectivist anarchism
- Post-left anarchy
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- McKay, Iain (2007). "Section F.7.3 - Can there be a 'right-wing' anarchism?". An Anarchist FAQ, Volume I. AK Press. ISBN 978-1-902593-90-6.
- Iain McKay; et al. (21 January 2010). "Section F.7.3 - Can there be a 'right-wing' anarchism?". An Anarchist FAQ. Infoshop.org. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- McKay, Iain (2007). "Section D.6 - Are anarchists against Nationalism?". An Anarchist FAQ, Volume I. AK Press. ISBN 978-1-902593-90-6.
- Iain McKay; et al. (21 January 2010). "Section D.6 - Are anarchists against Nationalism?". An Anarchist FAQ. Infoshop.org. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Heider, Ulrike. Anarchism: Left, Right and Green San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1994.
- Caplan, Bryan. "Factual Errors in Marshall and Heider". Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Bookchin, Murray (Winter 1994). "A Meditation on Anarchist Ethics". The Raven: Anarchist Quarterly. 7 (4): 328–46. Retrieved 2008-03-08.