Left Democratic Front (Kerala)

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Left Democratic Front (Kerala)
LeaderPinarayi Vijayan
FounderE. M. S. Namboodiripad
HeadquartersAKG Centre, Thiruvananthapuram
Political positionLeft-wing to Far-left
Seats in Lok Sabha
8 / 545
[1](currently 520 members + 1 Speaker)
Seats in Rajya Sabha
4 / 245
Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly
91 / 140

Left Democratic Front (LDF) is a coalition of left-wing political parties in the state of Kerala, India. It is one of the two major political coalitions in Kerala, the other being the United Democratic Front each of which have been in power alternatively for the last two decades. LDF won the May 2016 election, and is now in power. The coalition consists of Communist Party of India (CPI), Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) and variety of other smaller parties.

In the legislative assembly of 2006 to 2011 the LDF controlled a majority of 99 out of 140 seats in the state legislative assembly. CPI(M) leader V. S. Achuthanandan led the LDF government in Kerala following the 2006 Assembly Election.[2] In the 2011 Kerala legislative assembly election, LDF lost to UDF, but managed to gain 68 out of the 140 seats. V. S. Achuthanandan was thereafter elected the leader of the opposition.[3] In the Kerala Legislative Assembly election, 2016 the LDF won, gaining a majority of 91 out of 140 seats.

Current strength in Legislative Assembly[edit]

Members of LDF and their representation in Kerala Legislative Assembly after 2016 election are as follows:

  1. Communist Party of India (Marxist) - 58
  2. Communist Party of India - 19
  3. Janata Dal (Secular) - 3
  4. Nationalist Congress Party - 2
  5. Communist Marxist Party (Aravindakshan) - 1
  6. Congress (Socialist) - 1
  7. Kerala Congress (B) - 1
  8. National Secular Conference - 1
  9. Loktantrik Janata Dal - 0
  10. Janadhipathya Kerala Congress - 0
  11. Kerala Congress (Skaria Thomas) - 0
  12. Indian National League - 0
  13. Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy - 0
  14. Revolutionary Socialist Party (Leninist) - 1
  15. LDF supported Independents - 4

LDF has eight subcommittees:[citation needed]

  • Agriculture
  • Cooperative
  • Culture
  • Education
  • Elections
  • Finance
  • IT
  • Youth & Sports

Political activism[edit]

On 2 October 2009, more than 300,000 activists of Communist Party of India (Marxist) formed a 500 km long human chain to protest the free trade agreement signed between India and Association of South East Asian Nations.[4]

On 7 December 2011, the Left Democratic Front organized a 208 km human wall demanding the construction of a new dam in place of the present 115 year leaky dam at Mullapperiyar. The human wall was the second longest of the kind in Kerala which stretched across two districts.[4]

Left Democratic Front (LDF) launched its website ahead of 2011 Kerala Assembly Election.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  2. ^ Sreejan, B. (2011-05-10). "Kerala exit polls today, close contest predicted". The Express News Service. Retrieved 2011-11-21.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Achuthanandan elected leader of CPI-M; will head LDF opposition in Kerala". rediffnews. 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  4. ^ a b "208-km human chain formed for new Kerala dam". Hindustan Times.
  5. ^ Nair, N.J. (2011-03-18). "Assembly polls log on to cyberspace". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-11-21.

External links[edit]