Left Democratic Front (Kerala)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Left Democratic Front
AbbreviationLDF
LeaderPinarayi Vijayan
FounderELAMBILASSERI KASINATHAN
P. K. Vasudevan Nair
Founded1979; 42 years ago (1979)
HeadquartersAKG Centre, Thiruvananthapuram
IdeologyBig tent
Factions:
Communism[1]
Liberalism[2]
Secularism
Socialism[3]
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 20
Seats in Rajya Sabha
6 / 9
Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly
99 / 140
Website
ldfkeralam.org

The Left Democratic Front (LDF) is an alliance of centre-left to left-wing political parties in the state of Kerala, India. It is one of the two major political alliances in Kerala, the other being Congress-led UDF, each of which has been in power alternately for the last four decades. LDF won the May 2016 election and is currently in power. It had a historic re-election in 2021 Kerala Elections where an incumbent government was re-elected for first time in 40 years. The alliance consists of Communist Party of India (Marxist), Communist Party of India, Kerala Congress (M), Nationalist Congress Party, Janata Dal (Secular), Indian National League, and various smaller parties.

In the legislative assembly of 2006 to 2011, the LDF controlled a majority of 98 out of 140 seats in the state legislative assembly. CPI(M) leader V. S. Achuthanandan led the LDF government in Kerala following the 2006 Assembly Election.[4] In the 2011 Kerala legislative assembly election, LDF lost to UDF but managed to gain 68 out of the 140 seats. V. S. Achuthanandan was thereafter elected the leader of the opposition.[5] In the 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election, the LDF won, gaining a majority of 91 out of 140 seats. In the 2021 Kerala Legislative Assembly election, the LDF won again consecutively, gaining a majority of 99 out of 140 seats.



No. Party Current No. of MLAs in Assembly
1 Communist Party of India (Marxist) 62
2 Communist Party of India 17
3 Kerala Congress (M) 5
4 Nationalist Congress Party 2
5 Janata Dal (Secular) 2
6 Kerala Congress (B) 1
7 Indian National League 1
8 Congress (Secular) 1
9 Loktantrik Janata Dal 1
10 Janadhipathya Kerala Congress 1
11 LDF Supported Independents 6
Total Seats 99

History[edit]

The history of LDF goes back to the Seven Party Front formed in 1967, which was an alliance of Communist Party of India (Marxist), Communist Party of India, Indian Union Muslim League, Samyukta Socialist Party, Revolutionary Socialist Party, Karshaka Thozhilali Party, and Kerala Socialist Party.[6]


! style="width:30px;"|No. ! style="width:375px;"|Party |- |style="background-color:#FF1D15; text-align: center;" | 1 | Communist Party of India (Marxist)

|- |style="background-color:#FF0000; text-align: center;" | 2 | Communist Party of India |- | style="background-color:#CC9900; text-align: center;" | 3 |Kerala Congress (M) |- | style="background-color:#00B2B2; text-align:center;" | 4 | Nationalist Congress Party |- | style="background-color:#138808; text-align: center;" | 5 | Janata Dal (Secular) |- | style="background-color:#CC6600; text-align: center;" | 6 | Kerala Congress (B) |- | style="background-color:#008000; text-align: center;" | 7 | Indian National League |- | style="background-color:#FF7F7F; text-align: center;" | 8 | Congress (Secular) |- | style="text-align: center; background:#2e8b57" | 9 | Loktantrik Janata Dal |- |style="background-color:Red; text-align: center;" | 10 | Janadhipathya Kerala Congress |-

List of LDF MLAs in the Kerala Niyamasabha[edit]

A poster with the slogan of LDF in the 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

The LDF is the ruling alliance in Kerala which has 91 seats out of the 140 in the Kerala Niyamasabha. The following list shows the MLAs belonging to LDF in the Niyamasabha.

Key

 CPI (M)    CPI    JD(S)    NCP    Cong(S)    KC(B)    RSP(L)    INL    Independent  

Sl.no Constituency Name of the
elected MLA
Party
affiliation
Kasaragod district
1 Udma K. Kunhiraman CPI(M)
2 Kanhangad E. Chandrasekharan CPI
3 Thrikaripur M. Rajagopalan CPI(M)
Kannur district
4 Payyanur C. Krishnan CPI(M)
5 Kalliasseri T. V. Rajesh CPI(M)
6 Taliparamba James Mathew CPI(M)
7 Kannur Kadannappalli Ramachandran Cong (S)
8 Dharmadom Pinarayi Vijayan CPI(M)
9 Thalassery A. N. Shamseer CPI(M)
10 Kuthuparamba K. K. Shailaja CPI(M)
11 Mattanur E. P. Jayarajan CPI(M)
Wayanad district
12 Mananthavady O. R. Kelu CPI(M)
13 Kalpetta C. K. Saseendran CPI(M)
Kozhikode district
14 Vatakara C. K. Nanu JD(S)
15 Nadapuram E. K. Vijayan CPI
16 Koyilandy K. Dasan CPI(M)
17 Perambra T. P. Ramakrishnan CPI(M)
18 Balussery Purushan Kadalundy CPI(M)
19 Elathur A. K. Saseendran NCP
20 Kozhikode North A. Pradeepkumar CPI(M)
21 Beypore V. K. C. Mammed Koya CPI(M)
22 Kunnamangalam P. T. A. Rahim INL
23 Koduvally Karat Razak Ind.
24 Thiruvambady George M. Thomas CPI(M)
Malappuram district
25 Nilambur P. V. Anvar Ind.
26 Tanur V. Abdurahiman Ind.
27 Thavanur K.T. Jaleel Ind.
28 Ponnani P. Sreeramakrishnan CPI(M)
Palakkad district
29 Pattambi Muhammed Muhsin CPI
30 Shornur P. K. Sasi CPI(M)
31 Ottapalam P. Unni CPI(M)
32 Kongad K. V. Vijayadas CPI(M)
33 Malampuzha V. S. Achuthanandan CPI(M)
34 Tarur A. K. Balan CPI(M)
35 Chittur K. Krishnankutty JD(S)
36 Nenmara K. Babu CPI(M)
37 Alathur K. D. Prasenan CPI(M)
Thrissur district
38 Chelakkara U. R. Pradeep CPI(M)
39 Kunnamkulam A. C. Moideen CPI(M)
40 Guruvayur K. V. Abdul Khader CPI(M)
41 Manalur Murali Perunelli CPI(M)
42 Ollur Adv. K. Rajan CPI
43 Thrissur V. S. Sunil Kumar CPI
44 Nattika Geetha Gopi CPI
45 Kaipamangalam E. T. Tyson CPI
46 Irinjalakuda K. U. Arunan CPI(M)
47 Puthukkad C. Raveendranath CPI(M)
48 Chalakudy B. D. Devassy CPI(M)
49 Kodungallur V. R. Sunil Kumar CPI
Ernakulam district
50 Vypeen S. Sharma CPI(M)
51 Kochi K. J. Maxi CPI(M)
52 Thripunithura M. Swaraj CPI(M)
53 Muvattupuzha Eldo Abraham CPI
54 Kothamangalam Antony John CPI(M)
Idukki district
55 Devikulam S. Rajendran CPI(M)
56 Udumbanchola M. M. Mani CPI(M)
57 Peerumade E. S. Bijimol CPI
Kottayam district
58 Pala Mani C. Kappan NCP
59 Vaikom C. K. Asha CPI
60 Ettumanoor K. Suresh Kurup CPI(M)
Alappuzha district
61 Cherthala P. Thilothaman CPI
62 Alappuzha T. M. Thomas Isaac CPI(M)
63 Ambalappuzha G. Sudhakaran CPI(M)
64 Kayamkulam Prathiba Hari CPI(M)
65 Mavelikkara R. Rajesh CPI(M)
66 Chengannur Saji Cherian CPI(M)
Pathanamthitta district
67 Thiruvalla Mathew T. Thomas JD(S)
68 Ranni Raju Abraham CPI(M)
69 Aranmula Veena George CPI(M)
70 Konni K. U. Jenish Kumar CPI(M)
71 Adoor Chittayam Gopakumar CPI
Kollam district
72 Karunagapally R. Ramachandran CPI
73 Kunnathur Kovoor Kunjumon RSP (L)
74 Kottarakkara P. Aisha Potty CPI(M)
75 Pathanapuram K. B. Ganesh Kumar KC(B)
76 Punalur K. Raju CPI
77 Chadayamangalam Mullakara Ratnakaran CPI
78 Kundara J. Mercykutty Amma CPI(M)
79 Kollam M. Mukesh CPI(M)
80 Eravipuram M. Noushad CPI(M)
81 Chathannoor G.S. Jayalal CPI
Thiruvananthapuram district
82 Varkala V. Joy CPI(M)
83 Attingal B. Satyan CPI(M)
84 Chirayinkeezhu V. Sasi CPI
85 Nedumangad C. Divakaran CPI
86 Vamanapuram D. K. Murali CPI(M)
87 Kazhakoottam Kadakampally Surendran CPI(M)
88 Vattiyoorkavu V. K. Prasanth CPI(M)
89 Parassala C. K. Hareendran CPI(M)
90 Kattakkada I. B. Sathish CPI(M)
91 Neyyattinkara K. A. Ansalan CPI(M)

2020 Kerala local body elections[edit]

Elections to local bodies (Panchayats, Municipalities and Corporations) in Kerala were held in December 2020.[2] The polling was held in three stages; on 8, 10 and 14 December, with the votes being counted on 16 December. LDF registered a sweeping victory in the local body election. LDF won 514/941 Gram Panchayats; 108/152 Block Panchayats; 10/14 District Panchayats; 35/86 Municipalities and 3/6 Corporations. Also won 7623/15962 Gram Panchayats wards; 1088/2076 Block Panchayats wards; 170/331 District Panchayats wards; 1263/3122 Municipal wards and 196/414 Corporation wards.

Political activism[edit]

On 2 October 2009, more than 300,000 activists of CPI(M) formed a 500 km long human chain to protest the free trade agreement signed between India and Association of South East Asian Nations.[7]

On 7 December 2011, the LDF organized a 208  km human wall demanding the construction of a new dam in place of the present 115-year leaky dam at Mullapperiyar. The human wall was the second-longest of the kind in Kerala which stretched across two districts.[7]

LDF launched its website ahead of 2011 Kerala Assembly Election.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chakrabarty, Bidyut (2014). Communism in India: Events, Processes and Ideologies. Oxford University Press. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-199-97489-4.
  2. ^ Jha, Giridhar (25 November 2019). "Maharashtra Govt Formation: BJP's Return Into Ring Makes Scene Murkier". Outlook. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Loktantrik Janata Dal with Sharad Yadav as mentor to be formally launched on May 18". The Financial Express. 16 May 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  4. ^ Sreejan, B. (10 May 2011). "Kerala exit polls today, close contest predicted". The Express News Service. Retrieved 21 November 2011.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Achuthanandan elected leader of CPI-M; will head LDF opposition in Kerala". Rediff.com. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  6. ^ Koshi, Luke; Balan, Saritha S. (19 June 2017). "Kerala Chronicles: When a Coalition of Seven Political Parties Came Together Only to Fall Apart". The News Minute.
  7. ^ a b "208-km human chain formed for new Kerala dam". Hindustan Times.
  8. ^ Nair, N.J. (18 March 2011). "Assembly polls log on to cyberspace". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 22 March 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.

External links[edit]